1. Identify the location (a toughie to start
• Denver International's peaked roof, meant to emulate the snowcapped Rocky Mountains in the distance.
2. Construction on this site began in 1882, and though progress slowed after the creator’s
death in 1926, it continues today. The projected year of completion is 2026, exactly a
century after the creator’s death. Identify the city where this is based.
4. Identify the stadium
• It is the largest football specific stadium in the world. It has the
honour of being the only stadium in the world to have hosted
two FIFA World Cup Finals. In the 1970 World Cup final, Brazil
defeated Italy 4–1 and in the 1986 World Cup final, Argentina
defeated West Germany 3–2. It also hosted the 1986 quarter-final
between Argentina and England in which Diego Maradona scored
both the "Hand of God goal" and the "Goal of the Century". The
stadium also hosted the "Game of the Century",
when Italy defeated West Germany 4–3 in extra time in one of the
• Picture in the next slide
7. What am I talking about?
• A region of vital strategic importance. About 80 miles wide, it is
bordered by four other countries.
• It takes its name from its shape when viewed on a Map.
• It was the scene of a major confrontation in 1962 between India and
• Hint: Part of an animal
8. Identify the fictional city that has been
inspired from this
• Mont Saint-Michel is an island commune in Normandy, France. It is located
approximately one kilometre (0.6 miles) off the country's northwestern coast, at
the mouth of the Couesnon River near Avranches. 247 acres (100 ha) in size, the
island has a population of 44 (2009).
• The island has held strategic fortifications since ancient times, and since the
eighth century AD has been the seat of the monastery from which it draws its
name. The structural composition of the town exemplifies the feudal society that
constructed it. On top God, the abbey and monastery, below this the Great halls,
then stores and housing, and at the bottom, outside the walls, fishermen and
• Its unique position of being an island only 600 metres from land made it readily
accessible on low tide to the many pilgrims to its abbey Equally, this position
made it readily defensible as an incoming tide stranded, or drowned, would be
assailants. By capitalising on this natural defence.
• This city inspired a very famous fictional city.
9. How do we know this place better?
• Alnwick Castle is a castle and stately home in the town of the same
name in the English county of Northumberland. It is the seat of the
Duke of Northumberland, built following the Norman conquest, and
renovated and remodelled a number of times. It is a Grade I listed
building and receives over 800,000 visitors per year.
• We know it all too well for another reason.
10. Where would you find this bridge and
what significance does it hold?
• The Aloi Bridge is an unusual "T"-shaped three-way bridge originally
constructed in 1932. Because of its shape, it was easily recognized
from the air.
• It sustained heavy damage during 1945. After that, the bridge was
repaired and remained in service for nearly four decades, before it
was replaced by a new bridge (built as a replica) in 1983. A surviving
portion of a floor girder from the original bridge was subsequently
donated to a Peace Memorial Museum.
• The bridge was used as a reference for something.
• The Atom Bomb was dropped on this bridge. This bridge was used as
11. Identify the city where this is located
This is a plaque commemorating the
spot of a very important historical event.
• Sarajevo. This is the spot from where Gavrilo Princip shot Archduke
Ferdinand that triggered WW1.
12. How do we know it today?
• Tenochtitlan was an Aztec city-state located on an island in Lake Texcoco, in
the Valley of Mexico. Founded in 1325, it became the capital of the
expanding Mexica Empire in the 15th century, until captured by the
Spanish in 1521.
• At its peak, it was the largest city in the Pre-Colombian Americas. It
subsequently became a cabecera of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.
• Traditionally, its name was thought to come from Nahuatl tetl ("rock") and
nōchtli ("prickly pear") and is often thought to mean "Among the prickly
pears rocks". Tenochtitlan was one of two altepetl (city-states) on the
island, the other being Tlatelolco. The city was closely tied with its sister
city, which was largely dependent on the market of Tlatelolco, the most
important site of commerce in the area
13. Identify X
• Hiram Bingham, formally Hiram Bingham III, was an academic, explorer, treasure hunter
and politician from the United States.
• He was a part of the Yale Peruvian Expedition of 1911. On July 24, 1911, Melchor Arteaga
led Bingham to X, which had been largely forgotten by everybody except the small
number of people living in the immediate valley (possibly including two local
missionaries named Thomas Payne and Stuart McNairn whose descendants claim that
they had already climbed to the ruins in 1906). Also the Cusco explorers Enrique Palma,
Gabino Sanchez and Agustín Lizarraga are said to have arrived at the site in 1901.
• Bingham returned to Peru in 1912 and 1915 with the support of Yale and the National
• Because of Bingham’s discovery X has become one of the major tourist attractions in
South America, The switchback-filled road that carries tourist buses to the site from the
Urubamba River is called the Hiram Bingham Highway.
• Bingham has been cited as one possible basis for the "Indiana Jones" character. His book
Lost City of the Incas became a bestseller upon its publication in 1948.
14. Name the monument and the city
where it is located.
• It was built in 1591 CE and is a monument and mosque.
• There are two theories regarding this monument. The first one is, “It was
built at the center of the city, to commemorate the eradication of plague,
as the Shah had prayed for the end of a plague that was ravaging his city
and vowed to build a Mosque at the very place where he prayed.”
• The other theory given by Jean de Thévenot (French traveller of the 17th
century) whose narration was complemented through the available Persian
texts, the monument was constructed in the year 1591 CE, to
commemorate the beginning of the second Islamic millennium year (1000
AH), the event was celebrated in the far and width of the Islamic world,
thus the Shah founded the capital city in the year 1591 to celebrated the
event of millennium year (1000 AH) with the construction of the
15. Identify X
• The Wall is a huge structure of ice, stone and magic on the northern
border of the Seven Kingdoms. It is home to the Night's Watch, a
brotherhood sworn to protect the realms of men from the threats
beyond the Wall. The Wall was inspired by Martin's visit to X. Looking
out over the hills, Martin wondered what a Roman centurion from
the Mediterranean would feel, not knowing what threats might come
from the north. This experience was so profound that a decade later,
in 1991, he wanted to "write a story about the people guarding the
end of the world", and ultimately "the things that come out of the
[fictional] north are a good deal more terrifying.”
16. Identify X
• X is the name of a Muisca tribal chief who covered himself with gold dust and, as
an initiation rite, dove into the Guatavita Lake.
• Later, it became the name of a legendary city, that fascinated explorers since the
days of the Spanish Conquistadors. No evidence for its existence has been found.
• Imagined as a place, it became a kingdom, an empire, and a city of this legendary
• In pursuit of the legend, Francisco Orellana and Gonzalo Pizarro departed from
Quito in 1541 in an expedition towards the Amazon Basin, as a result of which
Orellana became the first person known to have navigated the Amazon River
along substantially its entire length.
• The original narrative is to be found in the rambling chronicle, El Carnero, of Juan
Rodriguez Freyle. According to Freyle, the king or chief priest of the Muisca was
said to be ritually covered with gold dust at a religious festival held in Lake
Guatavita, near present-day Bogotá Colombia.
17. Identify the place
• It is mentioned in Rigveda and the Avesta. The Rigveda praises it as an ideal
city, a vision of paradise set in the mountains.
• The area in which it sits was ruled by the Medes before falling to the
Achaemenids. There is a reference to a settlement by the rulers of the
Achaemenid Empire, which may be the basis for the future use of the name
• It became a centre of Zoroastrianism followed by Buddhism and Hinduism.
• Alexander the Great explored the valley after his conquest of the
Achaemenid Empire in 330 BC but no record has been made of the city,
which may have been only a small town and not worth writing about.
• The region became part of the Seleucid Empire but was later gifted to the
Indian Maurya Empire.
18. What are we talking about?
• On the cliff face of a mountain nearby, three colossal statues were carved 4,000 feet
apart. One of them was 175 feet (53 m) high standing statue, the world's tallest. The
ancient statue was carved during the Kushan period in the fifth century.
• The statues were destroyed by the Taliban in March 2001, on the grounds that they were
an affront to Islam. Limited efforts have been made to rebuild them, with negligible
• At one time, two thousand monks meditated in caves among the sandstone cliffs.
• The caves were also a big tourist attraction before the long series of wars in Afghanistan.
• The world's earliest oil paintings have been discovered in caves behind the partially
destroyed colossal statues. Scientists from the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility
have confirmed that the oil paintings, probably of either walnut or poppy seed oil, are
present in 12 of the 50 caves dating from the 5th to 9th century.
• Picture in next slide
19. Identify this city
• According to the Lonely Planet's ranking, it is also among the world's top ten
destinations for urban nightlife.
• The International Sea Trade Port, sheltered by the islands of the Archipelago to
the east and the Absheron Peninsula to the north, is capable of handling two
million tons of general and dry bulk cargoes per year. It hosted the 57th
Eurovision Song Contest in 2012 and will host the 2015 European Games.
• Modi's got inspired when he came to this city which he visited just before
becoming Gujarat CM in 2001.
• The city has produced eight grandmasters, including Garry Kasparov. And there is
a mass initiation into chess at a very young age.
• Yanar Dag, is a natural gas fire which blazes continuously on a hillside on the
Absheron Peninsula near the city.
• The city also has the Ateshgah or "Fire Temple" which is a castle-like religious
structure. It is one of the most important centers of Zoroastrianism in the history.
23. What was the name of the campaign?
• In 2009, Tourism Queensland promoted the Great Barrier Reef as a global tourism
destination with a website encouraging people worldwide to apply for X, to be a
"Caretaker of the Islands" to "house-sit" the islands of the Great Barrier Reef for
half a year, based on Hamilton Island.
• Benefits included a large salary, free lodging in a multi-million dollar villa, and
transportation there and around the islands. The application process required a
web video to be submitted, available publicly for consideration for the position.
The duties listed were primarily publicity-related with web videos, blogging, and
photo diaries. The submission web site crashed two days following the launch of
the campaign, from excessive visits and application video uploading.
• By the campaign's end, it has generated more than $200 million in global
publicity value for Tourism Queensland. Brisbane advertising agency
CumminsNitro was awarded three top awards at the Cannes International
Advertising Festival. The campaign was acknowledged as very successful
24. Identify X
• X is mentioned in Plato's dialogues Timaeus and Critias, written in c. 360 BC. In Plato's
story, X represents the antagonist naval power that, despite ruling many parts of Western
Europe and Northern Africa, suffered a crushing defeat at the hands of “Ancient Athens”,
the pseudo-historic embodiment of the Plato's ideal state. The tale, one of many such
stories in Plato's work, serves as an allegory for a nation's fate due to hubris.
• While present-day philologists and historians unanimously accept the story's fictional
character, there is still debate on its origins. Similarly to the story of Gyges, some scholars
argue in favor of inspiration from older traditions, in particular Egyptian records of the
Thera eruption, the Sea Peoples invasion, or the Trojan War. Others reject this chain of
tradition as implausible and insist that Plato designed the story from scratch, drawing
loose inspiration from contemporary events like the failed Athenian invasion of Sicily in
415–413 BC, or the destruction of Helike in 373 BC.
• Most of the historically proposed locations are in or near the Mediterranean Sea: islands
such as Sardinia, Crete, Santorini, Sicily, Cyprus, and Malta; land-based cities or states
such as Troy, Tartessos, and Tantalus (in the province of Manisa, Turkey); Israel-Sinai or
Canaan; and northwestern Africa.
25. How do we know the city these days?
• New Amsterdam was a 17th-century Dutch settlement established and which served as
the seat of the colonial government in the New Netherland territory. It was renamed in
1665 in honor of after English forces seized control along with the rest of the Dutch
• The settlement, outside of Fort Amsterdam in the New Netherland (1614–1664), was a
provincial extension of the Dutch Republic as of 1624. Situated on the strategic,
fortifiable southern tip of the island, the fort was meant to defend the Dutch West India
Company's fur trade operations in the North River. Fort Amsterdam was designated the
capital of the province in 1625.
• The 1625 date of the founding of New Amsterdam is now commemorated in the official
Seal of the City. (Formerly, the year on the seal was 1664, the year of the provisional
Articles of Transfer, assuring New Netherlanders that they "shall keep and enjoy the
liberty of their consciences in religion").
• Long considered a dysfunctional trading post by the English who took it over, historical
research has found that the city indeed left its cultural marks on the later city.