Lp6 editing


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Lp6 editing

  1. 1. <ul><li>If someone complains about “the way the programme was edited”, what do they mean? </li></ul><ul><li>What does this suggest about the importance of the editing process? </li></ul>
  2. 2. editing Focus for today… What is editing, why and how important is it? <ul><li>So… for starters… </li></ul><ul><li>Write down what you think editing is? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the aim of editing? </li></ul><ul><li>b. Why you think it is </li></ul><ul><li>important to the final film? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Film editing is the connecting of one or more shots to form a sequence, and then to form an entire film. </li></ul><ul><li>A film editor works with: </li></ul><ul><li>layers of images </li></ul><ul><li>Story </li></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm and pace </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>An editor's cut (sometimes referred to </li></ul><ul><li>as the &quot;rough cut&quot;) is normally the first </li></ul><ul><li>pass of what the final film will be. </li></ul><ul><li>In the first stage of editing the film editor </li></ul><ul><li>will usually work alone. </li></ul>The director's cut When shooting is finished, the director can then turn his/her full attention to collaborating with the editor and further refining the cut of the film; scenes and shots are re-ordered, removed, shortened. This period is normally longer, and more intimately involved, than the production and filming; most directors and editors form a unique artistic bond; Martin Scorsese and Thelma Schoonmaker being one example.
  5. 5. <ul><li>Walter Murch: He suggests there are 4 main criteria for deciding where to cut…. </li></ul><ul><li>Think about these when you are watching excerpts from Action Adventure Films </li></ul><ul><li>emotion </li></ul><ul><li>Does the cut reflect what the editor believes the audience should be feeling at that moment? </li></ul><ul><li>story </li></ul><ul><li>Does the cut advance the story? </li></ul><ul><li>rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Does the cut occur ‘at a moment that is rhythmically interesting and 'right‘ </li></ul><ul><li>eye-trace </li></ul><ul><li>Does the cut follow the audience's focus of interest within the frame&quot; </li></ul>
  6. 6. Now… take notes on editing under these headings: <ul><li>Editing terminology: Purpose/ aim: </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Rules… Invisible or Hollywood Style <ul><li>What became known as the popular Hollywood </li></ul><ul><li>style of editing was developed by early European </li></ul><ul><li>and American directors, in particular D.W. Griffith in </li></ul><ul><li>his films such as The Birth of a Nation and Intolerance . </li></ul><ul><li>The classical style ensures continuity of time and space using such techniques as the 180 degree rule (in a car chase, if a vehicle leaves the right side of the frame in one shot, it should enter from the left side of the frame in the next shot) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Breaking the rules… Some films deliberately break the rules, the French New Wave of the 60s being a good example. They would use jump cuts and deliberately disrupt continuity, or use random cutaway shots, or simply avoid traditional Hollywood “match cuts”
  9. 9. <ul><li>A montage sequence consists of a series of short shots </li></ul><ul><li>that are edited into a sequence to condense narrative. It </li></ul><ul><li>Is usually used to advance the story as a whole, often to </li></ul><ul><li>suggest the passage of time. A classic example is the </li></ul><ul><li>training montages in Sylvester Stallone's Rocky series of </li></ul><ul><li>movies. </li></ul>Montage: Has a number of different meanings Montage is a term which refers to the creation of meaning from two apparently separate shots
  10. 10. types of transition <ul><li>The cut is the most often used, simplest and best type of </li></ul><ul><li>transition for invisible edits. </li></ul><ul><li>Action sequences are usually made up of rapid cuts adding to the their </li></ul><ul><li>dramatic feel and quick pace. Cut transitions are often used to portray </li></ul><ul><li>action as they do not indicate the passage of time </li></ul><ul><li>a dissolve is a gradual transition from one image to another. Usually, </li></ul><ul><li>the purpose is constructive, and it's done slowly enough to portray the </li></ul><ul><li>passage of time. </li></ul><ul><li>All transitions other than cuts and dissolves can be grouped as effect </li></ul><ul><li>transitions . Effect transitions include pushes, page peels, spirals and any and all other imaginable effects. (You may be familiar with these from producing powerpoints) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Cross Cutting <ul><li>Generally, cross-cutting is meant to suggest that actions are occurring at the same time. However, it can also be used to gain a deeper significance between two or more events that do not necessarily occur simultaneously. Another dimension of cross-cutting is the rhythm of alternating shots; increasing the rapidity between two different actions may add tension to a scene. </li></ul>So… Were you concentrating? Now tell me.. how does a typical action adventure film employ these techniques??
  12. 12. And now… The Magic of Movie Editing <ul><li>Make stunning notes under the following chapter headings… </li></ul><ul><li>3. why one frame counts </li></ul><ul><li>5. editor director relationship </li></ul><ul><li>7. cutting action </li></ul><ul><li>13. the rules </li></ul><ul><li>14. breaking the rules </li></ul><ul><li>17. faster and faster </li></ul>