INDIA HABITAT CENTRE ,NEW DELHI(1988- It is a centre for cultural, economic and social activities. Dramas, plays are also organized at the centre.FORD FOUNDATION HEADQUARTERS, NEWDELHI(1968) The Ford Foundation established an office in India in 1952 at the invitation of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. It was the foundations first office outside the United States and remains one of the largest of the international field operations
INDIA INTERNATIONAL CENTREIIC facilities for a variety of artistic and scholarlyactivities, conference and symposia organized by nation andinternational groups.The centre’s 18600 square meter(4.6acres) site at Lodi estatewas designedso that the grounds of the IIC and adjacent Lodi gardens couldfunction as one entity.
EVOLUTION OF DESIGNThe evolution of thedesign of the IIC may bethe abbey of Montmajourin southern France .
The centre is composed ofstein’s characteristicallyindividually articulatedblocks:• 46 guest rooms,loungeanddinning room in one,• programmed blocks oflibrary and offices ,• domed auditorium are allgrouped around two greatcourts• connected by porticoes andground level and rooftopverandahs.
PLAN the first, or entrance court, provides access on thenorth side to the guest room on the south to the auditorium and programmed blockof library and offices . N
Passing through the portico ,the visitor enters into themain courtyard and then into the gardens of the ,whichthe rear and the north of the sides of the site. N
The surrounding north wing of survices and the west wingof the guest –rooms have been raised up on piers, bringing theLodi tombs into framed view and creating a large verandahbeneath. N The guest –room wing has also been given a curved form which approaches and then recedes away from the Lodi gardens site boundary.
COURTYARD AND GARDENSThe India international centre isconceived as design of interrelatedinterior and shaded space courtyardsand gardens.Each courtyard and garden at theIIC has a difference function andaspect.
CONSTRUCTIONThe construction methods andprocedures employed in thebuilding of the Indiainternational centre weretypical of the methods and skilllevels available in India at thetime of construction(1958-62).The pre-casting of some of theelements on the ground wasundertaken in order to ensurehigh –quality construction, bothin terms of structural integrityand finish.The IIC is virtually a hand-made building.
INTRODUCTIONIt is a complex of institutionaland office spaces , conferencesand library facility for groupsinvolved with environment andhabitat issuesThe concept of IHC is based onenvironmental and regionalplanning energy and itsjudicious use, relevance oftechnology, transport andcommunication, lifestyle socialand cultural linkage, fiscalpolicies, legal and managementsystem and informationtechnology
There are 5 main buildingblockswhich are interconnectedby means of aerialwalkways.There is also a basementfloor for parking of around1000 cars.The external facade is in alanguage of exposed redbrick, exposed concreteand glass.
India habitat center is organized as a series of four to sevenstorey blocks around linked, shaded courtyardprotected from both the excesses of tropical sunshine andmotor traffic of the adjacent heavily trafficked interaction
The centre groups a significant number of plots together, sothat requirements such as food service ,Car parking and meeting facilities can be solved mutually
Building are grouped aroundclimate temperate courts shade by overhead sun screens andenlivened by vertical gardens
The courts are elevated on plinth over a car parking sothat a series of pleasant civic spaces for pedestrians arecreated These spaces become semi enclosed atrium like areassuitable for a variety of functions including exhibitions, displays and conferences
BUILDINGIt is on essentially urbansite, and conceived to besomething of a prototype witha relatively conventional andrepeatable type ofconstructiona reinforced concrete framewith an infill of concreteblock and brick cladding.The attention to finishes ishigh at the India habitatcenter,
BUILDING employs carefully conceivedpaving patterns in thecourtyardsvariegated brick coursing inbuildings vertical pier whichare accented by tile facing tothe rain waterchannel, vertical gardenelementsthearea below the extendedbrow which caps the complexascending form.