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COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE
                 ADJECTIVES
             Adapted by Marlene Chuc
Comparatives
    Comparatives are used to show the difference

    between two objects.
    Comparatives are very commonl...
USES OF COMPARATIVES
    Comparatives are often qualified by using words

    and phrases such as much, a lot, far, a
   ...
USES OF COMPARATIVES
    Two comparatives can be contrasted by placing

    the before them, indicating that a change in ...
USES OF COMPARATIVES
    Two comparatives can also be linked with and to

    show a continuing increase in a particular
...
SOME RULES ABOUT FORMING
COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES
    One syllable adjectives generally form the

    comparative by...
Comparative
    If an adjective has 1 syllable we add the ending

    –er to the adjective.

        i.e. small + er = sm...
-ER Spelling rules
    Note that if a one syllable adjective ends in a

    single vowel letter followed by a single
    ...
If an adjective ends in -e, this is removed when adding -

    er,
    e.g.: wide → wider.

If an adjective ends in a consonant followed by -

    y,
    -y is replaced by -i when adding -er/-est,
    e.g.: dry → ...
Two syllable adjectives
    two syllable adjectives ending in -ed, -ing, -ful, or -less

    always form the comparative ...
Three syllable adjectives
    Adjectives which have three or more syllables

    always form the comparative with MORE.
 ...
Superlatives
    Superlatives are used to show the difference

    between more than two objects.
    A superlative is us...
One syllable adjectives
    If an adjective has 1 syllable we add the ending –

    est to the adjective.

    i.e. small...
EST Spelling rules
     If a one syllable adjective ends with a consonant

    + a vowel + a consonant you must double th...
If an adjective ends with a “y”, remove the “y”

    and add –iest.

    i.e. happy –y + iest = the happiest
    i.e. fun...
Two syllable adjectives
    two syllable adjectives ending in -ed, -ing, -ful, or -less

    always form the superlative ...
Three syllable adjectives
    Adjectives which have three or more syllables always

    form the superlative with THE MOS...
IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES


Adjective   Comparative   Superlative
Good        Better        The best
Bad         Worse         ...
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Comp &Sup Mar

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Transcript of "Comp &Sup Mar"

  1. 1. COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES Adapted by Marlene Chuc
  2. 2. Comparatives Comparatives are used to show the difference  between two objects. Comparatives are very commonly followed by  than and a pronoun or noun group, in order to describe who the other person or thing involved in the comparison is, e.g.: John is taller than me. 
  3. 3. USES OF COMPARATIVES Comparatives are often qualified by using words  and phrases such as much, a lot, far, a bit/little, slightly etc., e.g.: You should go by train, it would be much cheaper. Could you be a bit quieter? I’m feeling a lot better. Do you have one that’s slightly bigger?
  4. 4. USES OF COMPARATIVES Two comparatives can be contrasted by placing  the before them, indicating that a change in one quality is linked to a change in another, e.g.: The smaller the gift, the easier it is to send. The more stressed you are, the worse it is for your health.
  5. 5. USES OF COMPARATIVES Two comparatives can also be linked with and to  show a continuing increase in a particular quality, e.g.:  The sea was getting rougher and rougher.  Her illness was becoming worse and worse.  He became more and more tired as the weeks went by
  6. 6. SOME RULES ABOUT FORMING COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES One syllable adjectives generally form the  comparative by adding -er and the superlative by adding -est, e.g.: Adjective Comparative Superlative Soft Softer The softest Cheap Cheaper The cheapest Sweet Sweeter The sweetest Thin Thinner The thinnest
  7. 7. Comparative If an adjective has 1 syllable we add the ending  –er to the adjective. i.e. small + er = smaller than  i.e. hard + er = harder than  The ant is smaller than the hippo. 
  8. 8. -ER Spelling rules Note that if a one syllable adjective ends in a  single vowel letter followed by a single consonant letter, the consonant letter is doubled, e.g.: thin → thinner, big → biggest. The elephant is fatter than the giraffe. 
  9. 9. If an adjective ends in -e, this is removed when adding -  er, e.g.: wide → wider. 
  10. 10. If an adjective ends in a consonant followed by -  y, -y is replaced by -i when adding -er/-est, e.g.: dry → drier/driest. The girl is happier than the duck. 
  11. 11. Two syllable adjectives two syllable adjectives ending in -ed, -ing, -ful, or -less  always form the comparative with more Adjective Comparative Worried More worried Boring More boring Careful More careful Useless More useless
  12. 12. Three syllable adjectives Adjectives which have three or more syllables  always form the comparative with MORE. Adjective Comparative Dangerous More dangerous Difficult More difficult The only exceptions are some three syllable adjectives which have been  formed by adding the prefix -un to another adjective, especially those formed from an adjective ending in -y. These adjectives can form comparatives by e.g.: unhappy – unhappier using more or adding -er
  13. 13. Superlatives Superlatives are used to show the difference  between more than two objects. A superlative is used to show the differences that  exist in the group. To learn to use these we need to learn five basic  rules.
  14. 14. One syllable adjectives If an adjective has 1 syllable we add the ending –  est to the adjective. i.e. small + est = the smallest i.e. hard + est = the hardest  The ant is the smallest. 
  15. 15. EST Spelling rules If a one syllable adjective ends with a consonant  + a vowel + a consonant you must double the last consonant and ad –est. i.e. big + est = the biggest i.e. fat + est = the fattest The hippo is the fattest. 
  16. 16. If an adjective ends with a “y”, remove the “y”  and add –iest. i.e. happy –y + iest = the happiest i.e. funny –y + iest = the funniest The elephant is the heaviest. 
  17. 17. Two syllable adjectives two syllable adjectives ending in -ed, -ing, -ful, or -less  always form the superlative with the most, e.g.: Adjective Comparative superlative Worried More worried The most worried Boring More boring The most boring Careful More careful The most careful Useless More useless The most useless
  18. 18. Three syllable adjectives Adjectives which have three or more syllables always  form the superlative with THE MOST. Adjective Comparative Superlative Dangerous More dangerous The most dangerous Difficult More difficult The most difficult The only exceptions are some three syllable adjectives which have been formed by adding  the prefix -un to another adjective, especially those formed from an adjective ending in -y. These adjectives can form comparatives by using more or adding -er/-est, e.g.: unhappy – unhappier – the unhappiest/ the most unhappy
  19. 19. IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES Adjective Comparative Superlative Good Better The best Bad Worse The worst Far Farther/ The farthest/ furthest further
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