Action potentials transmitted by sensory receptors to the brain
Specialized neurons/epithelial cells
Extero- and interoreceptors
Convert energy to changes in membrane potentials and transmit to brain
Functions: transduction, amplification, transmission, and integration
Interpretation of the stimuli by the brain
Ex. colors, taste, sound, smell
1. Follow the movement of the rotating pink dot with your eyes. 2. Stare at the cross in the center. 3. Concentrate on the cross at the center for a long period of time.
Is the blue side in the front or back of the cube?
Types of sensory receptors
Vision and photoreceptors * All have pigment molecules that absorb light
Structure of the human eye Ciliary body Iris Suspensory ligament Cornea Pupil Aqueous humor Lens Vitreous humor Optic disk (blind spot) Central artery and vein of the retina Optic nerve Fovea (center of visual field, most cones) Retina with rods and cones Choroid Sclera
Hearing and equilibrium in invertebrates Statocysts in invertebrates Ciliated receptor cells Cilia Statolith Sensory nerve fibers 1 mm Tympanic membrane
Hearing and equilibrium in mammals Pinna Auditory canal Eustachian tube Tympanic membrane Stapes Incus Malleus Skull bones Semicircular canals Auditory nerve, to brain Cochlea Tympanic membrane Oval window Eustachian tube Round window Vestibular canal Tympanic canal Auditory nerve Bone Cochlear duct Hair cells Tectorial membrane Basilar membrane To auditory nerve Axons of sensory neurons 1 Overview of ear structure 2 The middle ear and inner ear 4 The organ of Corti 3 The cochlea Organ of Corti Outer ear Middle ear Inner ear
Utricle and saccule tells the position and the fixed position of the body in space or any linear acceleration