Good morning everyoneMy presentation is on the book The Public Domain written by James Boyle
Let me first introduce you to the writer of this bookJ Boyle is....Creative commons is ............................................
Through this book He identifies He argues Hence
Users fail to understand the importance of public domain.
This book is divided into 10 chapter,herw is a brief discription on each of themChapter 1Deals with why intellectual property is importantJ. Boyle in this chapter emphasises why users should take care while sharing someone's work with others.He establishes that copyright, patents and trademark are tree ways of valuing the public domain.Thomas Jefferson: through this chapter, the author uses the example of Jefferson's correspondence written in 1813 about the appointment of a tax assessor According to Boyle, jefferson thought about intellectual property then.He defines public domain as “the place we quarry the building blocks of our culture.”He also discusses that public domain of free available material is important for markets, democracy, science, tradition of free speech and art.
Chap 3-Second enclosure movement: focuses on the negative aspects of open access Here Boyle uses a poem to describe the controversial nature of property rights, privatisation and the enclosure movement.He describes the criticism as well as advantages of intellectual property to regulate personal and non commercial activity.Internet threat: this chapter focuses on how cheaper copying is leading to destruction of creative and cultural industries. We will be discussing this in details later.
The Farmers tale: focuses on the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, one of the most controversial recent pieces of intellectual property legislation.The act states that copyright holders can use to deny access to their works or control users behaviour once they get access.These measures include encryption, controls on how many times a file can be copied, and password protection. “Good fence makes good neighbours”I got a Mashup: This chapter describes how Intellectual Property affects culture.It aims to rectify the omission, looking at the way copyright handles one type of cultural creation that is music.Boyle discusses how music is hard for copyright law to handle and he gives and example of hurricane Katrina. Which I will be discussing later.He also explains how musicians, composers and other artists are not so well protected under this law.However he suggests two solutions example- compulsory licensing and curtail the hyper trophy of protectionism. He suggests we could exempt samples shorter than 5 seconds from copyright liability and clarify the boundaries of fair use.
Enclosure of Science and Technology: focuses on the intersection of intellectual property and the science and technology.Here Boyle uses two case studies to explain how science and technology a machine that contains all other machines and synthetic biology A creative common: Focuses on free and open source software and creative commons movement. Boyle describes how copying, sharing and printing of some material available through search engine sounds illegal but is not. He explains how in Dec 2002 a charitable organisation called creative commons was launched in San Francisco. The idea behind creative commons was simple- ex- as soon as you lift the pen from the paper, click the shutter or save the file, the work is copyrighted but with WWW this had changed , thus creative commons produced a more fine tune copyright structure. They created a global “commons” material that was open to all. This is a free and open source software which fixes many of the issues related to IP.
An evidence free zone: focuses on the use of the processes used to change laws. Example given in this chapter explains about the law of EU which was formed Which was not so effective.Environmentalism for information: this chapter will be discussed in details later in my presentation.
Identified.......The social/ethical issue that has been identified in this book are intellectual property, policies and digital citizenship.
I am now going to focus on chapter 1, 4 and 10 as they are the ones concerning social/ ethical issues.Intellectual property: Intangible property that is the result of creativity. For example a picture taken by a photographer, a piece of art and scientific experiment. copyright: the exclusive legal right, given to an originator or an assignee to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or musical material, and to authorize others to do the same. Patent: a government authority to an individual or organization conferring a right or title, esp. the sole right to make, use, or sell some invention Trademark: a symbol, word, or words legally registered or established by use as representing a company or product. Copyright law: It protects the rights of creator of something of the value to be compensated for what he or she has created, and by doing so, it encourages production of valuable, intangible, easily copied, creative work.
includes a broad range of risks due to irresponsible and immature use of technology on the net.Intellectual Property legislation: is called a cozy world in which the content, publishing, and distribution industries were literally asked to draft the rules by which they would live.
Copyright Act: intellectual property rights must approach perfect control. In August 2008, popular social networking sites were hit by a worm using social engineering techniques to get users to install a piece of malware.The worm installs comments on the sites with links to a fake site. If users follow the link, they are told they need to update their Flash Player. The installer then installs malware rather than the Flash Player. The malware then downloads a rogue anti-spyware application, Anti Spy Spider.
Through this chapter, Boyle argues how a movement similar to environmentalism is required in order to effectively implement, intellectual property rules. He argues that every nation with the help of political leadership and communities provide knowledge and information about fair use of IPR. Just like a habitat Is preserved by preventing erosion and maintenance of water quality, the future of intellectual property is a way to save our eroding public domain.
These two types of analysis pointed to a general interest in environmental protection and thus helped to build a large constituency which supported governmental efforts to that end.
The public domain book it
By: Arushi Tyagi<br />
About James Boyle<br />James Boyle is the Professor of Law at the Duke <br /> University School of Law.<br />Serves on the board of Creative<br /> Commons, a non-profit organization <br /> that enables people to share and <br /> build upon the work of others, <br /> consistent with the <br /> rules of copyright.<br />
Summary of the Book<br />Describes heated battles over intellectual property.<br />Every informed citizen needs to understand intellectual property law.<br />Intellectual property rights create ground rules of the information society, however people fail to understand its importance.<br />
Summary of the Book <br />Hence it is a form of information failure<br />Since public domain is vital to innovation, it calls for a movement similar to environment to preserve it. <br />
Chapters in this book<br />Why intellectual property?<br /><ul><li>Copyright
Patent</li></ul>Thomas Jefferson writes a letter<br /><ul><li> PD: the place we quarry the building blocks of our culture.</li></li></ul><li>Chapters in this book<br />Second enclosure Movement<br /><ul><li>Open access
Personal and Non commercial</li></ul>Internet threat<br /><ul><li> Cheaper Copying</li></li></ul><li>Chapters in this book<br />Farmers’ Tale: An allegory<br /><ul><li> DMCA
Good Fence make Good neighbours</li></ul>I got a Mashup<br /><ul><li> Culture
Musicians</li></li></ul><li>Chapters in this book<br />Enclosure of science and Technology<br /><ul><li> Machines
Synthetic biology</li></ul> A Creative common <br /><ul><li> Open source
Creative Commons</li></li></ul><li>Chapters in this book<br />An Evidence Free zone<br /><ul><li> Laws
EU</li></ul>An Environmentalism for Information<br />
Social/Ethical Issue<br /> Intellectual Property <br /><ul><li>Any product of someone's intellect that has commercial value, especially copyrighted material, patents, and trademarks.</li></ul> Policies: statement of rights and responsibilities that govern ethical use of others’ work<br />
Social/Ethical Issue<br />Digital Citizenship: concept which helps users to know how to use technology appropriately<br />The IT systems related to these issues are multimedia, software, internet and communication.<br />
What is Intellectual property?<br />Definition<br />How is it protected: copyrights, patents and trademarks<br />Why should it be Protected - individual and social benefits.<br />Copyright Law - first formed in 1790(US citizens)<br /> International Copyright act -1891<br />
Internet threat<br />Definition<br />The possibility of individuals circulating costless perfect digital copies requires IT. <br />It would be facile (if tempting) to say we must remake the internet.<br />Internet to make it safe for Britney Spears. The “Internet Threat” argument is that we must remake the Net if we want digital creativity—whether in music or software or movies or e-texts.<br />
Internet Threat<br />Intellectual Property legislation<br />Copyright Act<br />Example: In August 2008, popular social networking sites were hit by a worm.<br />Worm installed comments on the site with links to a fake site.<br />
Example<br />Example of copied music:<br /><ul><li>The story of the song “George Bush Doesn’t Care About Black People”
In 1955, Ray Charles Robinson released a song called “I Got A Woman” –The melody, structure, pattern of verses were taken from another of his work called “I’ve Got A Savier”</li></li></ul><li>Example<br /><ul><li>50 years later Kanye West released “Gold Digger” which used Charles style and melody of I’ve Got A woman
August 2005 , Hip Hop duo, “The Legendary K.O” expressed their concern after Hurricane Katrina through the song “George Bush Doesn’t Care”, using the original versions in the song.</li></li></ul><li>An Environmentalism for information <br /> Need for a movement similar to Environmental movement<br /> Influenced by Two analytical frameworks<br /> Both are important for the environmental movement.<br />
My opinions....<br />I think that intellectual property has become a world wide issue these days.<br />James Boyle goes through most of the real world examples to explain the right meaning of intellectual property.<br />Intellectual Property: Fair use of IT systems and to Respect others’ work by giving them credit. <br />Thus as informed citizens, we must respect others intellectual property.<br />
Quiz<br /> What is the name of the author of this book?<br /> Name three ways in which the rights of the intellectual property can be given?<br />