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Sece 5 NA Tourism(1)

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Sece 5 NA Tourism(1) Sece 5 NA Tourism(1) Presentation Transcript

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  • Tourism
  • What is tourism?
    • Temporary short-term movement of people to places outside the home environment and the activities they engage in
  • Who is a tourist?
    • Anybody who visits another country for more than 24 hours but less than a year
  • Why do people travel? Business May wish to visit historical landmarks or experience the culture of another countries Eg: Soccer fans travel to Netherland to watch the match Religion Eg: People travel to Thailand to visit the Four-faced Buddha Sports Natural Environment Leisure Eg: Sunny beach resorts in Bali/Hawaii/Sri Lanka/Maldives Big Buddha, Pattaya Study Visiting relatives Medical (include Cosmetic surgery)
  • Worldwide Phenomenon
    • Tourism is a largest and fast-growing industry in the world
    • From 1985 to 1997, there had been an increased of 86% to 613 million international tourists worldwide.
  • Worldwide Phenomenon
    • Over 8% of all jobs worldwide will depend on Travel and Tourism this year.
    • Travel and Tourism will support the creation of 5.5 million jobs per year over the next decade.
    • Hence, tourism industry plays a vital role in the country’s economy:
      • Create jobs  Generate wealth  Improve standard of living
  • Example :Singapore Integrated Resorts
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  • Factors Leading to the Growth of the Tourism Industry
    • Increasing world population
      • The population increased from 4 billion in 1975 to 6 billion in 1999
      • This led to the corresponding increase in the number of people travelling
  • Factors Leading to the Growth of the Tourism Industry
    • 2. Increasing affluence
      • Industrialization has enabled countries (especially developed countries) to earn higher income
      • In turn, this led to the growing affluence of the residents that enable them to have the ability to travel abroad
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  • Factors Leading to the Growth of the Tourism Industry
    • Increasing Education
      • Increase in literacy arouses people’s curiosity and desire to see the world
  • Factors Leading to the Growth of the Tourism Industry
    • 4 Increasing urbanisation
      • Escape from the hectic and stressful urban environment
  • Factors Leading to the Growth of the Tourism Industry
    • Technological Development
      • Greater mobility and convenience in travel due to the growth in:
        • Air transport
        • Private motor car ownership
        • Online tour agency
      • Information Technology arouse people’s interest to travel
  • Factors Leading to the Growth of the Tourism Industry
    • Increasing revenue and employment
      • Tourism helps to generate income and create tourism-related jobs
      • This greatly enhances the stimulation of the local economy
      • Therefore, governments play an active role in promoting their countries aggressively to potential tourists
        • Setting up of tourism offices in other countries
  • Factors Leading to the Growth of the Tourism Industry
    • 7. Global shifts in industries led to:
      • The setting up of offices and factories
      • Growing business dealings between countries
      • International conventions
      • Increase in the number of business trips