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Sec3 - Why Does Uneven Development Exist Part 5
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Sec3 - Why Does Uneven Development Exist Part 5

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  • 1. Why does uneven development exist?
  • 2.
    • Who is he?
  • 3. Historical reason
  • 4. Singapore's flag during British Colonial Period (1946-1959)
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7. Colonialism
    • The domination of a more powerful country over another country.
    • Dominated country as the colony
    • The more powerful country as the colonial power.
  • 8. Colonialism
    • Colonial Master
      • United Kingdom
      • Netherlands
      • France
    • Colony
      • India
      • Indonesia
      • Vietnam
  • 9. Colonialism
    • Colonial power wanted to obtain raw materials which could not be found or grown in their own countries due to different climate conditions
    • Therefore resulted in a strong relationship between colonial power and their colonies.
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12. Coffee bean
  • 13. Cocoa
  • 14. Cotton
  • 15. Colonialism
    • With advancement of technology, colonial powers were able to add value to these raw materials by converting them into useful products.
    • And sold them a higher price for profit.
    • Colonial power became richer and developed their economy to become developed countries.
  • 16. Colonialism
    • In colonies, development was slow.
    • Even though there was development in infrastructure (roads & railways) to facilitate the movement of cash crops.
    • However, other aspects were not developed such as education and environment sustainability
    • Therefore colonies remained poor.
  • 17. Colonialism
    • The disparity in development continued to widen as the DCs continued to develop technology and industrialize further
    • While the former colonies continued to export low-value raw materials from which they gained little profit.
  • 18.  
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22.  
  • 23.  
  • 24.  
  • 25.  
  • 26. Presence of raw materials
    • Countries with plenty raw materials tend to develop faster than countries that have a few or none.
    • Money earned from selling raw materials can be spend on projects to develop the country.
      • Infrastructure
      • Housing
      • Water treatment plant
      • Sewage system
  • 27.  
  • 28.  
  • 29.  
  • 30.  
  • 31.  
  • 32.  
  • 33.  
  • 34.
    • What do you think of the sanitation ?
    • Is it hygienic?
  • 35.  
  • 36.  
  • 37.
    • Do you dare to use the toilet bowl?
  • 38.  
  • 39.  
  • 40. Climate
    • Which is the best climate to grow crops?
      • Temperate or tropical?
  • 41. Where is the best location to grow crops?
  • 42. Technology
    • Advancement in technology can overcome many limitations.
      • Reclaimed lands
        • Not enough land
      • Terracing
        • Mountainous areas
      • Greenhouse
        • Control the temperature
      • Irrigation
        • Lack of rainfall
      • High-tech farming
        • Overcome infertile soil
  • 43.  
  • 44.  
  • 45.  
  • 46.  
  • 47.  
  • 48.  
  • 49. What method did Singapore used?
      • Seabed had to be made stable by columns of sand (piles) to ensure land will not collapse.
  • 50. Landfill method
      • A sand wall will be built to keep out sea water
  • 51. Landfill method
      • The sand at the bottom will be removed and spread it around the area.
  • 52. Landfill method
      • The sand is compressed and a granite wall is built by the seaside to prevent erosion
  • 53. Landfill method
      • Vegetation are grown to prevent soil erosion
  • 54. Empoldering
    • A dike is constructed around the area to be reclaimed to keep water from coming in.
  • 55. Empoldering
    • The area is drained using pumps and drainage canals.
  • 56. Empoldering
    • Reeds, a type of plant are sown by aircraft to help the soil form.
  • 57. Empoldering
    • After 3 years, the reeds are burnt and the ash is used as fertilizers for the soil.
  • 58. Empoldering
    • After 15 years, the polder is ready for growing crops, building houses and construction of roads.
  • 59.  
  • 60.  
  • 61.  
  • 62.  
  • 63.  
  • 64.  
  • 65.  
  • 66.  
  • 67. Aeroponics
  • 68. Uncontrollable Climate
    • Floods
    • Droughts
  • 69.  
  • 70.  
  • 71.  
  • 72.  
  • 73. Economic reasons
    • Cumulative causation / multiplier effect
    Development of new industry in the core Increase in employment and population Increase in general wealth of people in the core New businesses are set up; existing businesses expand Increase in demand for goods and services Expansion of infrastructure and services to meet increasing needs of people
  • 74. Economic reasons
    • Backwash effect
    Core Periphery Core Periphery Labour & materials Wealth & knowledge Backwash effect Spread effect

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