Sec3 - Why Does Uneven Development Exist Part 5Presentation Transcript
Why does uneven development exist?
Who is he?
Singapore's flag during British Colonial Period (1946-1959)
The domination of a more powerful country over another country.
Dominated country as the colony
The more powerful country as the colonial power.
Colonial power wanted to obtain raw materials which could not be found or grown in their own countries due to different climate conditions
Therefore resulted in a strong relationship between colonial power and their colonies.
With advancement of technology, colonial powers were able to add value to these raw materials by converting them into useful products.
And sold them a higher price for profit.
Colonial power became richer and developed their economy to become developed countries.
In colonies, development was slow.
Even though there was development in infrastructure (roads & railways) to facilitate the movement of cash crops.
However, other aspects were not developed such as education and environment sustainability
Therefore colonies remained poor.
The disparity in development continued to widen as the DCs continued to develop technology and industrialize further
While the former colonies continued to export low-value raw materials from which they gained little profit.
Presence of raw materials
Countries with plenty raw materials tend to develop faster than countries that have a few or none.
Money earned from selling raw materials can be spend on projects to develop the country.
Water treatment plant
What do you think of the sanitation ?
Is it hygienic?
Do you dare to use the toilet bowl?
Which is the best climate to grow crops?
Temperate or tropical?
Where is the best location to grow crops?
Advancement in technology can overcome many limitations.
Not enough land
Control the temperature
Lack of rainfall
Overcome infertile soil
What method did Singapore used?
Seabed had to be made stable by columns of sand (piles) to ensure land will not collapse.
A sand wall will be built to keep out sea water
The sand at the bottom will be removed and spread it around the area.
The sand is compressed and a granite wall is built by the seaside to prevent erosion
Vegetation are grown to prevent soil erosion
A dike is constructed around the area to be reclaimed to keep water from coming in.
The area is drained using pumps and drainage canals.
Reeds, a type of plant are sown by aircraft to help the soil form.
After 3 years, the reeds are burnt and the ash is used as fertilizers for the soil.
After 15 years, the polder is ready for growing crops, building houses and construction of roads.
Cumulative causation / multiplier effect
Development of new industry in the core Increase in employment and population Increase in general wealth of people in the core New businesses are set up; existing businesses expand Increase in demand for goods and services Expansion of infrastructure and services to meet increasing needs of people