Sec2 - Ageing Population & Increasing Br

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  • 1. Population pyramid
  • 2. Elderly Children The rest is working adult
  • 3. Wide base represent a lot of children therefore high BR
  • 4. Narrow peak represent a small number of elderly Life expectancy (How old the elderly live till)
  • 5. Population Effect of increasing birth rates Effects of decreasing birth rates (Ageing population)
  • 6.  
  • 7.
    • What do you think the people are lining up in the street?
  • 8. Shortage of jobs
    • When there are more people looking for jobs than there are number of jobs available.
    • There will be unemployment.
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12. Shortage of housing
    • Lack of affordable housing can lead to the construction of temporary and illegal housing in squatter settlements
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
  • 17.  
  • 18. Shortage of education
    • When there are too many children competing for limited places in schools.
    • Many children from the poorest families are deprived of a chance to study.
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22.  
  • 23.  
  • 24. Shortage of resources
    • Overcrowding leads to many people having to share limited resources.
    • There will be a lack of food and water resources.
    • Hunger and health problems result.
  • 25.  
  • 26.  
  • 27.  
  • 28.  
  • 29.
    • What do you see on the shelves?
  • 30.  
  • 31.  
  • 32.  
  • 33.  
  • 34. Environmental Pollution
    • Pollution becomes severe due to urban sprawl.
      • (urban sprawl refers to the condition where the area of an urban settlement increases rapidly without proper planning)
    • Environmental degradation when the natural landscape has reduced to make more space for the increasing population.
      • E.g.. The clearing of forests to construct houses and factories.
  • 35.  
  • 36.  
  • 37.  
  • 38.  
  • 39.  
  • 40.  
  • 41. Solutions
  • 42. Public education
    • Government should provide information on the need of birth control and benefits of family planning to poor uneducated people.
  • 43. Birth control
    • Setting up free clinics and provide subsidised or free contraceptives.
    • Information on the proper use of contraceptives should be given to the people
  • 44. Family planning
    • In China, ‘One Child Policy’ is implemented.
    • Parents enjoy benefits such as a paid holiday, a larger apartment, free medical and hospitalisation expenses (for the first child).
    • They will be penalised by government when the second child is born. They have to return all bonuses paid to them.
  • 45. Family planning
    • In India, fathers are encouraged to go for vasectomy.
    • In Singapore, during the 1970s, there were incentives such as
      • Priority for HDB
      • Tax relief
      • Priority for primary one registration for couples who had only two children.
  • 46. Transmigration
    • In Indonesia. The government encourage migration from crowded areas to sparsely populated areas.
      • E.g. Transmigration Program moved people from Java and Madurai to Sumatra, Kalimantan and Sulawesi.
  • 47. Ageing population
  • 48. Ageing population
    • Low death rate
    • Low birth rate
  • 49. Problems caused by ageing population
    • Shortage of labour
    • Lower income for the country
    • Country’s defence
  • 50. Shortage of labour
    • Shortage of labour, the cost of manpower will increase.
    • Thus, there is a need to mechanise and to bring in foreign labour.
  • 51. Lower income for the country
    • There are more retired than working adults.
    • The government has to spend more money to built facilities for the aged.
    • Working adults have to pay higher taxes to fund the projects.
  • 52. Country’s defence
    • A country’s defence can become at stake due to the lack of people.
    • Thus, the government will have to invest in more military hardware.
    • The government has to spend more money to buy advance weaponry.
    • Working adults have to pay higher taxes to fund the buying.