Development
<ul><li>Economic indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic wealth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Standard of living </li><...
<ul><li>Social and welfare indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Life expectancy at birth  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Life expe...
<ul><li>Other indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urbanisation </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>Stages of development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage 1 (Traditional society) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A rural a...
<ul><li>Stages of development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage 2 (Preconditions for takeoff) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agr...
<ul><li>Stages of development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage 3 (Takeoff) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decline in agricultur...
<ul><li>Stages of development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage 4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use of modern technology </li><...
<ul><li>Stages of development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High standard of living </li></...
Triangular graph
Primary Tertiary  Secondary 10 10 80 C 80 10 10 B 40 35 25 A Tert Sec Pri Country
<ul><li>Why develop? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase standard of living </li></ul></ul><u...
 
<ul><li>Problems of development </li></ul>
 
<ul><li>Changes in population structure </li></ul>
Which area has the lowest and highest growth rate?
 
 
<ul><li>Changes in population structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in population caused by </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Changes in population structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in population (Problems) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul...
 
 
 
 
<ul><li>Why is there pollution? </li></ul><ul><li>What other forms of pollution are there? </li></ul>
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
<ul><li>Environmental degradation  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deforestation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil erosion </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Factors contributing to environmental degradation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Social factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overpopulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traffic congestion </li></ul></ul><...
Environmental degradation Overcultivation & overgrazing Insufficient food Inefficient farming methods Low productivity Poo...
<ul><li>Economic factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial whaling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overfishing </li></ul></ul><u...
<ul><li>Political factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil fields destroyed by wars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Iraq & Iran </...
<ul><li>Technological factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flooding caused by building dams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil erosi...
<ul><li>Desertification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Natural & Human causes </li></ul></ul>...
<ul><li>Deforestation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental effects  </li></ul></ul>
 
 
 
 
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Sec 5 NA Development

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Transcript of "Sec 5 NA Development"

  1. 1. Development
  2. 2. <ul><li>Economic indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic wealth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Standard of living </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of life </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GNP per capita </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employment type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literacy rate </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Social and welfare indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Life expectancy at birth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Life expectancy rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Longevity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sanitation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Infant mortality rate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessibility </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Other indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urbanisation </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Stages of development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage 1 (Traditional society) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A rural agricultural society </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subsistence farming with simple tools </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Relatively isolated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dominated by traditional & conservative values </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resistance to change </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Stages of development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage 2 (Preconditions for takeoff) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture is commercialised </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No longer isolated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some economic goals are identified </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technological & infrastructure improvements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually dominated by a single secondary industry e.g. textile or car making </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More willing to change </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Stages of development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage 3 (Takeoff) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decline in agriculture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expansion of secondary (manufacturing) industry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Textile & steel </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transport facilities improved (infrastructure) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Greater mechanisation of agriculture </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Stages of development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage 4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use of modern technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primary industry declining </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Concentrate on consumer goods </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decline in older industries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From textile to electronics </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decline in population in rural area </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid urbanisation (rural-urban migration) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improvement in standard of living </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Stages of development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stage 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High standard of living </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Production of consumer goods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid growth in tertiary industry </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Triangular graph
  11. 11. Primary Tertiary Secondary 10 10 80 C 80 10 10 B 40 35 25 A Tert Sec Pri Country
  12. 12. <ul><li>Why develop? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase standard of living </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase quality of life </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Problems of development </li></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>Changes in population structure </li></ul>
  15. 17. Which area has the lowest and highest growth rate?
  16. 20. <ul><li>Changes in population structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in population caused by </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Green revolution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>increase in food supply </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improvement in health care </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>increase life expectancy </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease in death rate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improvement in sanitation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Access to clean water & more hygienic </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 21. <ul><li>Changes in population structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in population (Problems) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demand for more resources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Depletion of natural resources </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food & water etc. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Demand for housing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Overpopulation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Presence of slums </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not enough job opportunities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rural-urban migration </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Insufficient educational facilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not enough schools and teachers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 26. <ul><li>Why is there pollution? </li></ul><ul><li>What other forms of pollution are there? </li></ul>
  19. 36. <ul><li>Environmental degradation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deforestation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil erosion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Overgrazing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Overcultivation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Air, water & land </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global warming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flooding & drought </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 37. <ul><li>Factors contributing to environmental degradation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political factors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technological factors </li></ul></ul>
  21. 38. <ul><li>Social factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overpopulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traffic congestion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste disposal problems </li></ul></ul>
  22. 39. Environmental degradation Overcultivation & overgrazing Insufficient food Inefficient farming methods Low productivity Poor nutrition Vicious cycle of poverty
  23. 40. <ul><li>Economic factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial whaling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overfishing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excessive logging </li></ul></ul>
  24. 41. <ul><li>Political factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil fields destroyed by wars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Iraq & Iran </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coral atolls ruined by nuclear testing </li></ul></ul>
  25. 42. <ul><li>Technological factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flooding caused by building dams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil erosion caused by mining </li></ul></ul>
  26. 43. <ul><li>Desertification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Natural & Human causes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drought </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Overgrazing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Overcultivation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deforestation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mining </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental effects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Soil erosion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Infertile land </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 44. <ul><li>Deforestation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental effects </li></ul></ul>

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