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Sec 2 NA - Plantation Agriculture
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Sec 2 NA - Plantation Agriculture

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  • 1. Plantation Agriculture
  • 2. Coffee plantation
  • 3. Tea plantation
  • 4. Banana Plantation
  • 5. Definition
    • Refers to the commercial cultivation of cash crops on large estates to produce raw materials
    • For export and local industries
    • Examples of cash crops
      • Rubber trees
      • Palm oil
      • Tea of coffee
      • Coconuts
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8. Purpose
    • Produce raw material for industries
      • only grow one main crop (monoculture)
    • Large scale
    • Usually for 20 to 30 years
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14. Inputs
    • Labour
      • Large pool of labour to take care of the large area
    • Machines
      • To cut down labour & time
    • Fertilizers / insecticides / pesticides
    • Infrastructure
      • Roads
      • Modern communication technology etc
    • Capital (money)
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
  • 17.  
  • 18.  
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22. Output
    • Size of plantation
      • 100 ha to 1000 ha (1 ha = 10 000 m 2 )
    • Sold oversea (export)
  • 23. Benefits
    • Provide jobs for people
      • Laborers
      • Technicians
      • Professional
      • Scientists
    • Export bring huge earning to the country
  • 24. Challenges
    • Technological advances
      • Replacement for rubber
    • HYV (High-yield varieties)
      • Shortage growth periods
    • Need huge capital
      • Shortage of workers
      • Automation (robotics & computers)
  • 25. Environmental problems
    • Deforestation
    • Destroy natural habitats