Sec 2 NA - Plantation Agriculture

3,315 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,315
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
49
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Sec 2 NA - Plantation Agriculture

  1. 1. Plantation Agriculture
  2. 2. Coffee plantation
  3. 3. Tea plantation
  4. 4. Banana Plantation
  5. 5. Definition <ul><li>Refers to the commercial cultivation of cash crops on large estates to produce raw materials </li></ul><ul><li>For export and local industries </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of cash crops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rubber trees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Palm oil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tea of coffee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coconuts </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. Purpose <ul><li>Produce raw material for industries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>only grow one main crop (monoculture) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Large scale </li></ul><ul><li>Usually for 20 to 30 years </li></ul>
  7. 14. Inputs <ul><li>Labour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large pool of labour to take care of the large area </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Machines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To cut down labour & time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fertilizers / insecticides / pesticides </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modern communication technology etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capital (money) </li></ul>
  8. 22. Output <ul><li>Size of plantation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100 ha to 1000 ha (1 ha = 10 000 m 2 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sold oversea (export) </li></ul>
  9. 23. Benefits <ul><li>Provide jobs for people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laborers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technicians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Export bring huge earning to the country </li></ul>
  10. 24. Challenges <ul><li>Technological advances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Replacement for rubber </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HYV (High-yield varieties) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shortage growth periods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Need huge capital </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shortage of workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automation (robotics & computers) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 25. Environmental problems <ul><li>Deforestation </li></ul><ul><li>Destroy natural habitats </li></ul>

×