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Importance of mountains..

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Importance of mountains..k2, karakoram, mount everest....

Importance of mountains..k2, karakoram, mount everest....

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  • 1. IMPORTANCE OF MOUNTAINS
  • 2. CONTENT • • • • • What are mountains ? Formation of mountains Mountains around the world Importance of mountains Conclusion
  • 3. OBJECTIVE • “Mountain is the beginning and the end of all the natural scenery” Mountain are god given physical features. Objective of this presentation is to make you people aware of the importance of mountains.
  • 4. MOUNTAIN • “a natural raised part of the earth‟s surface, usually rising more or less abruptly, and larger than a hill.”
  • 5. FORMATION OF MOUNTAINS • Collision of plates • deformation and thickening of crust • crustal uplift
  • 6. SOME CHARACTERISTICS • 1/8 (one-eighth) of the world's people live in the mountains. • 1/4 (one-fourth) of the world‟s landscape is mountainous. • 1/2 (one-half) of the world's people rely on mountain watersheds for fresh water. • 3/4 (three-fourths) of the world‟s countries have mountain ranges or high plateaus. • 2,000,000,000 (two billion) people depend on mountains for food, hydroelectricity, timber, or mineral resources.
  • 7. MOUNT EVEREST • Himalayan Range, Mount Everest, Nepal. 8850m • Highest peak in the world
  • 8. K2 – KARAKORAM RANGE CHINESE/PAKISTAN BORDER • World‟s 2nd highest mountain at 8612m.
  • 9. ANNAPURNA – HIMALAYA, NEPAL • 10th highest in world. • Name means „The Provider‟
  • 10. MALAKU – HIMALAYA, NEPAL. • 8462m, 5th highest.
  • 11. ACONCAGUA - ANDES, ARGENTINA. • At 6962m – the highest peak in Western Hemisphere.
  • 12. MT. ELBRUS – CAUCAUSES, RUSSIA. • At 5642m, Europe‟s highest peak
  • 13. THE EIGER - SWISS ALPS. • At 3970m, one of Europe‟s most fearsome Peaks –
  • 14. THE EIGER SWISS ALPS. • The Matterhorn (4476m) • Mont Blanc below (4807m)
  • 15. BRITISH PEAKS – BEN NEVIS (1343M) AND SNOWDONIA (1085M) • Impressive and challenging to climbers
  • 16. MOUNTAINS IN THE US MCKINLEY(6194M) AND EL CAPITAIN(2307M) • Part of the Alaskan range, McKinley is the highest mountain in the US.
  • 17. MOUNTAINS IN AFRICA – KILIMANJARO (5963M)AND MOUNT KENYA(5199) • Kili is the biggest extinct volcano in the world. • Mt Kenya is also an extinct volcano.
  • 18. JAPAN‟S HIGHEST MOUNTAIN MOUNT FUJI (3776M) • Close to Tokyo. • first climbed by a monk
  • 19. IMPORTANCE OF MOUNTAINS • Agriculture • resource value • influence on climates • the water cycle, • Source of water • political significance of mountains • Tourist centres • biodiversity.
  • 20. AGRICULTURE • Rivers that originate from mountains form different type of plains
  • 21. RESOURCE VALUE • • • • • Minerals Timber Medicinal herbs Wood for making pulp Tea and coffee plantations
  • 22. INFLUENCE ON CLIMATES • • • • Serve as climatic divide between two adjoinig regions Impact on weather patterns Regulate climate Contain glaciers which radiate the radiation
  • 23. MOUNTAINS RAIN SHADOW
  • 24. THE WATER CYCLE • Key role in hydrological cycle • Generation of hydro-electricity
  • 25. SOURCE OF WATER • Source of major rivers of the world • Promote irrigation • 1/2 (one-half) of the world's people rely on mountain watersheds for fresh water.
  • 26. POLITICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF MOUNTAINS • Political frontiers between countires • protection
  • 27. TOURIST CENTRES • Salubrious climate • Beautiful scenery • Additional encouragement to hotel industry
  • 28. CENTRES OF BIODIVERSITY • Greatest diversity of vascular plant species • Fauna • 17% of world‟s population live in, on or at the edges of mountains
  • 29. CONCLUSION • Mountain are god given physical features. They occupy one-fifth of the earth's surface area. They provide direct life suppport for about 10 per cent of humankind and are repositories of great ecological and hydrological importance.

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