IMPORTANCE OF
MOUNTAINS
CONTENT
•
•
•
•
•

What are mountains ?
Formation of mountains
Mountains around the world
Importance of mountains
Conclusi...
OBJECTIVE
• “Mountain is the beginning and the end of all
the natural scenery” Mountain are god given
physical features. O...
MOUNTAIN
• “a natural raised part of the earth‟s surface, usually
rising more or less abruptly, and larger than a hill.”
FORMATION OF MOUNTAINS
• Collision of plates
• deformation and thickening of crust
• crustal uplift
SOME CHARACTERISTICS
• 1/8 (one-eighth) of the world's people live in the
mountains.
• 1/4 (one-fourth) of the world‟s lan...
MOUNT EVEREST
• Himalayan Range,
Mount Everest, Nepal.
8850m
• Highest peak in the
world
K2 – KARAKORAM RANGE
CHINESE/PAKISTAN BORDER
• World‟s 2nd highest
mountain at 8612m.
ANNAPURNA –
HIMALAYA, NEPAL
• 10th highest in
world.
• Name means
„The Provider‟
MALAKU –
HIMALAYA, NEPAL.
• 8462m, 5th highest.
ACONCAGUA - ANDES,
ARGENTINA.
• At 6962m – the
highest peak in
Western
Hemisphere.
MT. ELBRUS – CAUCAUSES,
RUSSIA.
• At 5642m, Europe‟s
highest peak
THE EIGER - SWISS ALPS.
• At 3970m, one of
Europe‟s most
fearsome Peaks –
THE EIGER SWISS ALPS.
• The Matterhorn (4476m)
• Mont Blanc below (4807m)
BRITISH PEAKS – BEN NEVIS
(1343M) AND SNOWDONIA
(1085M)
• Impressive and challenging to
climbers
MOUNTAINS IN THE US
MCKINLEY(6194M) AND EL
CAPITAIN(2307M)
• Part of the Alaskan range, McKinley is the highest
mountain i...
MOUNTAINS IN AFRICA –
KILIMANJARO (5963M)AND
MOUNT KENYA(5199)
• Kili is the biggest extinct volcano in the world.
• Mt Ke...
JAPAN‟S HIGHEST MOUNTAIN
MOUNT FUJI (3776M)
• Close to Tokyo.
• first climbed by a monk
IMPORTANCE OF MOUNTAINS
• Agriculture
• resource value
• influence on climates
• the water cycle,

• Source of water
• pol...
AGRICULTURE
• Rivers that originate from mountains form different
type of plains
RESOURCE VALUE
•
•
•
•
•

Minerals
Timber
Medicinal herbs
Wood for making pulp
Tea and coffee plantations
INFLUENCE ON CLIMATES
•
•
•
•

Serve as climatic divide between two adjoinig regions
Impact on weather patterns
Regulate c...
MOUNTAINS
RAIN SHADOW
THE WATER CYCLE
• Key role in hydrological cycle
• Generation of hydro-electricity
SOURCE OF WATER
• Source of major rivers of the world
• Promote irrigation
• 1/2 (one-half) of the world's people rely on ...
POLITICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF
MOUNTAINS
• Political frontiers between countires
• protection
TOURIST CENTRES
• Salubrious climate
• Beautiful scenery
• Additional encouragement to hotel industry
CENTRES OF BIODIVERSITY
• Greatest diversity of vascular plant species
• Fauna
• 17% of world‟s population live in, on or ...
CONCLUSION
• Mountain are god given physical features. They
occupy one-fifth of the earth's surface area. They
provide dir...
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Importance of mountains..

  1. 1. IMPORTANCE OF MOUNTAINS
  2. 2. CONTENT • • • • • What are mountains ? Formation of mountains Mountains around the world Importance of mountains Conclusion
  3. 3. OBJECTIVE • “Mountain is the beginning and the end of all the natural scenery” Mountain are god given physical features. Objective of this presentation is to make you people aware of the importance of mountains.
  4. 4. MOUNTAIN • “a natural raised part of the earth‟s surface, usually rising more or less abruptly, and larger than a hill.”
  5. 5. FORMATION OF MOUNTAINS • Collision of plates • deformation and thickening of crust • crustal uplift
  6. 6. SOME CHARACTERISTICS • 1/8 (one-eighth) of the world's people live in the mountains. • 1/4 (one-fourth) of the world‟s landscape is mountainous. • 1/2 (one-half) of the world's people rely on mountain watersheds for fresh water. • 3/4 (three-fourths) of the world‟s countries have mountain ranges or high plateaus. • 2,000,000,000 (two billion) people depend on mountains for food, hydroelectricity, timber, or mineral resources.
  7. 7. MOUNT EVEREST • Himalayan Range, Mount Everest, Nepal. 8850m • Highest peak in the world
  8. 8. K2 – KARAKORAM RANGE CHINESE/PAKISTAN BORDER • World‟s 2nd highest mountain at 8612m.
  9. 9. ANNAPURNA – HIMALAYA, NEPAL • 10th highest in world. • Name means „The Provider‟
  10. 10. MALAKU – HIMALAYA, NEPAL. • 8462m, 5th highest.
  11. 11. ACONCAGUA - ANDES, ARGENTINA. • At 6962m – the highest peak in Western Hemisphere.
  12. 12. MT. ELBRUS – CAUCAUSES, RUSSIA. • At 5642m, Europe‟s highest peak
  13. 13. THE EIGER - SWISS ALPS. • At 3970m, one of Europe‟s most fearsome Peaks –
  14. 14. THE EIGER SWISS ALPS. • The Matterhorn (4476m) • Mont Blanc below (4807m)
  15. 15. BRITISH PEAKS – BEN NEVIS (1343M) AND SNOWDONIA (1085M) • Impressive and challenging to climbers
  16. 16. MOUNTAINS IN THE US MCKINLEY(6194M) AND EL CAPITAIN(2307M) • Part of the Alaskan range, McKinley is the highest mountain in the US.
  17. 17. MOUNTAINS IN AFRICA – KILIMANJARO (5963M)AND MOUNT KENYA(5199) • Kili is the biggest extinct volcano in the world. • Mt Kenya is also an extinct volcano.
  18. 18. JAPAN‟S HIGHEST MOUNTAIN MOUNT FUJI (3776M) • Close to Tokyo. • first climbed by a monk
  19. 19. IMPORTANCE OF MOUNTAINS • Agriculture • resource value • influence on climates • the water cycle, • Source of water • political significance of mountains • Tourist centres • biodiversity.
  20. 20. AGRICULTURE • Rivers that originate from mountains form different type of plains
  21. 21. RESOURCE VALUE • • • • • Minerals Timber Medicinal herbs Wood for making pulp Tea and coffee plantations
  22. 22. INFLUENCE ON CLIMATES • • • • Serve as climatic divide between two adjoinig regions Impact on weather patterns Regulate climate Contain glaciers which radiate the radiation
  23. 23. MOUNTAINS RAIN SHADOW
  24. 24. THE WATER CYCLE • Key role in hydrological cycle • Generation of hydro-electricity
  25. 25. SOURCE OF WATER • Source of major rivers of the world • Promote irrigation • 1/2 (one-half) of the world's people rely on mountain watersheds for fresh water.
  26. 26. POLITICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF MOUNTAINS • Political frontiers between countires • protection
  27. 27. TOURIST CENTRES • Salubrious climate • Beautiful scenery • Additional encouragement to hotel industry
  28. 28. CENTRES OF BIODIVERSITY • Greatest diversity of vascular plant species • Fauna • 17% of world‟s population live in, on or at the edges of mountains
  29. 29. CONCLUSION • Mountain are god given physical features. They occupy one-fifth of the earth's surface area. They provide direct life suppport for about 10 per cent of humankind and are repositories of great ecological and hydrological importance.
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