The Art of Storytelling

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The Art of Storytelling

  1. 1. The Art of Storytelling <ul><li>An introduction to narrative structures from Aristotle to Hollywood. </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>The three act structure. (Aristotle) </li></ul><ul><li>The five act structure. (Gustav Freytag) </li></ul><ul><li>The eight sequence structure. (Frank Daniels) </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Task. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Aristotle (384-322 BCE), Greek philosopher. The Three-Act Structure
  4. 7. The first act contains the exposition, introduces the characters and setting, and ends with an inciting incident.
  5. 10. The second act is called confrontation, it complicates the problem created by the inciting incident, frustrating the protagonist’s efforts.
  6. 13. The third act contains the denouement, the final resolution or clarification of the dramatic or narrative plot.
  7. 14. Gustav Freytag (1816 – 1895) was a German dramatist. The Five-Act Structure
  8. 18. 1st Act Exposition 2nd Act Confrontation 3rd Act Resolution Seq.2 Seq.1 Seq.3 Seq.4 Seq.5 Seq.6 Seq.7 Seq.8 Status Quo Conflict starts Inciting Incident Main Tension Rising Action 1st climax 2nd climax Conflict resolved The 8-Sequence Structure
  9. 19. The Sack Elli came upon a frowning woman walking along the road to town. &quot;What's wrong?&quot; she asked. The woman held up a tattered bag and moaned, &quot;All that I own in this wide world barely fills this miserable, wretched sack.&quot; &quot;Too bad,&quot; said Elli, and with that, she snatched the bag from the woman's hands and ran down the road with it. Having lost everything, the woman burst into tears and, more miserable than before, continued walking. Meanwhile, Elli quickly ran around the bend and placed the woman's sack in the middle of the road where she would have to come upon it. When the woman saw her bag sitting in the road before her, she laughed with joy, and shouted, &quot;My sack! I thought I'd lost you!&quot; Watching through the bushes, Elli chuckled. &quot;Well, that's one way to make someone happy!&quot;
  10. 20. Elli came upon a frowning woman walking along the road to town. &quot;What's wrong?&quot; she asked. The woman held up a tattered bag and moaned, &quot;All that I own in this wide world barely fills this miserable, wretched sack.&quot; &quot;Too bad,&quot; said Elli, and with that, she snatched the bag from the woman's hands and ran down the road with it. Having lost everything, the woman burst into tears and, more miserable than before, continued walking. Meanwhile, Elli quickly ran around the bend and placed the woman's sack in the middle of the road where she would have to come upon it. When the woman saw her bag sitting in the road before her, she laughed with joy, and shouted, &quot;My sack! I thought I'd lost you!&quot; Watching through the bushes, Elli chuckled. &quot;Well, that's one way to make someone happy!&quot; Task: Reveal this story’s dramatic structure.
  11. 21. Elli came upon a frowning woman walking along the road to town. &quot;What's wrong?&quot; she asked. The woman held up a tattered bag and moaned, &quot;All that I own in this wide world barely fills this miserable, wretched sack.&quot; &quot;Too bad,&quot; said Elli, and with that, she snatched the bag from the woman's hands and ran down the road with it. Having lost everything, the woman burst into tears and, more miserable than before, continued walking. Meanwhile, Elli quickly ran around the bend and placed the woman's sack in the middle of the road where she would have to come upon it. When the woman saw her bag sitting in the road before her, she laughed with joy, and shouted, &quot;My sack! I thought I'd lost you!&quot; Watching through the bushes, Elli chuckled. &quot;Well, that's one way to make someone happy!&quot; Exposition Inciting Incident Resolution 2nd Climax 1st Climax Rising Action
  12. 22. Task: 1. Form groups of 3 (Elli, woman and one choreographer/director. 2. Stage the story “The Sack” as a short and non-verbal dance piece.

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