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  • 1. Beauty: Aesthetics in Dance Why do contemporary choreographers reject beauty? Do they?
  • 2. • What is beauty? • The dancer - Physical attractiveness of dancers’ bodies. • The dance - How do we create and perceive beauty in choreography? • Can dance be disgusting or is it forever doomed to aestheticism? (I. Hagendoorn) • The Human Hourglass (Video by Leo Burnett) • Creative Task. • Outlook: Moderated Discussion Week 9.
  • 3. “Beauty is a characteristic of a person, animal, place, object, or idea that provides a perceptual experience of pleasure, meaning, or satisfaction.” Source: (Retrieved 09/03/2010)
  • 4. Modern Art is “kalliphobic”. “Kalliphobia” after the Greek words for beauty - “kalos” and fear - “phobos”.
  • 5. "Beauty had disappeared not only from the advanced art of the 1960’s but from the advanced philosophy of art of that decade as well.” (Arthur C. Danto, 2003)
  • 6. Marcel Duchamp, Fountain, 1917 Edward Munch, The Scream, 1893
  • 7. Reaction against beauty in Modernism: • “Expression” replaced beauty as being central to art and aesthetics. (see Munch) • “Counter-environment” = art had to be designed in order to make visible what is usually invisible about society. (see Duchamp) • etc.
  • 8. Weight gain product in 1885. Weight loss product 1977 - today.
  • 9. A strong indicator of physical beauty is "averageness," or "koinophilia." When images of human faces are averaged together to form a composite image, they become progressively closer to the "ideal" image and are perceived as more attractive. Source: (Retrieved 09/03/2010)
  • 10. Koinophilia is a term [...] meaning that when humans or animals seek a mate, they prefer that mate not to have any unusual, peculiar or deviant features. Source; (Retrieved 09/03/2010)
  • 11. “Contemporary dance [...] is the collection of unusual bodies and unusual movements patterns.” (Gabriele Brandstetter)
  • 12. “The determinants of female physical attractiveness include those aspects that display health and fitness for reproduction and sustenance. These include correlates of fertility such as youth, waist-hip ratio, breast size, breast symmetry, body mass proportion and facial symmetry.” Source: (Retrieved 09/03/2010)
  • 13. • symmetry • proportion • harmony • definitiveness
  • 14. “The ballet career is caught up with success and failure, where success is often nothing more than a correct body, where women’s bodies must remain girl-like.” (Emilyn Claid, Seductive Ambiguity)
  • 15. “The successful dancer became synonymous with being the loved girl.” (Emilyn Claid, Seductive Ambiguity)
  • 16. “Ballet dancers parade on the same metaphoric catwalk as do models, pops stars, jazz dance performers, beauty queens and the icons of advertising and media. All are challenged on a daily basis by the contradictions between their real bodies and performed illusions. Upholding the glamour of Western beauty often has tragic consequences on the bodies of its protégés in their efforts to sustain the purity of the transcendent dream.” (Emilyn Claid, Seductive Ambiguity)
  • 17. A Measure of Beauty: M=O/C M ‘Aesthetic Measure’ (or beauty) O Order C Complexity
  • 18.
  • 19. The Hourglass (Leo Burnett) • Beautiful or ugly? • Aesthetic or disgusting? • Difference in aesthetic appreciation between content and form? • Could you imagine this to be a “disgusting” life dance performances according to Ivar Hagendoorn?
  • 20. • Choreograph a 32 count solo, which you would consider to be “beautiful”. • Choreograph a 32 count solo, which you would consider to be “ugly”. • Interweave the “ugly” material with the “beautiful” material by alternating 4 counts of each. • Present all 3 solos. Note: Please form groups of two deciding on one dancer and one choreographer.
  • 21.