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  1. 1. Obadiah <ul><li>A Bible study on the Book of Obadiah </li></ul><ul><li>Prelude : </li></ul><ul><li>Before getting into the details of the book of Obadiah (The smallest book in the Old Testament), let us understand the background in which this book was written </li></ul>
  2. 2. Names to know before reading the book of Obadiah <ul><li>Jacob (Israel) </li></ul><ul><li>Esau ( Edom) </li></ul><ul><li>Location of the two countries </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship between the two countries </li></ul>
  3. 3. Jacob -Israel <ul><li>Jacob is the younger brother of Esau. He cheated his brother and received blessings from his father -Isaac </li></ul><ul><li>God changed his name to Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>Israel was the promised country of God to his children. The tribes of the 12 sons of Jacob settled in this country </li></ul><ul><li>Israel was a small country surrounded by rivers, sea, mountains and deserts. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Esau- Edom <ul><li>Edom is the other name of Esau (The son of Isaac and the brother of Jacob) </li></ul><ul><li>Edom means Red because Esau sold his birthright to his brother Jacob for a red-bean soup </li></ul><ul><li>Edom was a country discovered by Esau. </li></ul><ul><li>Edom was a mountainous country </li></ul>
  5. 5. Location of the two countries <ul><li>Edom was located south East of Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>Israel is the western most country of Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Edom is at present located in the country- Jordan </li></ul>
  6. 6. Relationship between the 2 countries <ul><li>Edom and Israel had constant rifts throughout the history </li></ul><ul><li>Edom did not allow Israel to cross their territory to enter the promised land (During Moses Time). Hence Israel had to cross the Jordan river to enter Canaan [Numbers 20:14-22] </li></ul><ul><li>Almost every King of Israel fought with Edomites (Saul, David …) </li></ul><ul><li>Edom coaxed Babylon to destroy Jerusalem (Israel) [Psalm 137:7] and even went on to loot Israel </li></ul>
  7. 7. Obadiah <ul><li>Now we will study about the book of Obadiah </li></ul><ul><li>Though there are almost a dozen Obadiah’s mentioned in the Bible, the author of the Book of Obadiah doesn’t have any possible links to any of them </li></ul><ul><li>Obadiah is a dramatic example of God’s response to anyone (Edom) who would harm his children (Israel) </li></ul><ul><li>It is more likely that Obadiah prophesied in the early 500 BC. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The book of Obadiah <ul><li>21 verses </li></ul><ul><li>Divided into three sections </li></ul><ul><li>1-9 : Announcement of disaster to Edom is prophesied </li></ul><ul><li>10-14 : Reason for the destruction of Edom is also given </li></ul><ul><li>15-21 : Obadiah goes on to prophecy about the day of the Lord. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Pointers to be noted <ul><li>In verse 9, the word Teman is used. Teman was the Grandson of Esau. One of Job’s three friends “Eliphaz” [Job 2:11] was from the land of Teman </li></ul><ul><li>Edom was proud of their lofty mountainous location and they enjoyed when ever Israel suffered </li></ul><ul><li>Negev – A desert region of southern Israel [verse 19] </li></ul>Negev
  10. 10. The Fulfillment of the prophecy of Obadiah <ul><li>Obadiah’s prophecy is reassured by Prophet Ezekiel in Eze 35 :3-9 </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually Nebuchadnezzer raided Israel for the second time and emptied Edom also </li></ul><ul><li>Edom as a nation disappeared </li></ul><ul><li>During the time of the Greeks and Romans, the region was known as Idumea </li></ul><ul><li>The territory is currently controlled by Jordan </li></ul>
  11. 11. A concluding Note <ul><li>&quot; He who mocks the poor reproaches his Maker; he who is glad at calamity will not go unpunished &quot; </li></ul><ul><li>[Proverbs 17:5] </li></ul><ul><li>-Words from the wise man Solomon </li></ul>
  12. 12. About the Author <ul><li>If you want to share anything regarding this presentation, please write to the author [Prason] at [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>The author comes from a very small town in the southern most part of India. </li></ul><ul><li>He had a good education and he was brought up in Christian faith. But he went with the ways of the world in his late teens and fell for all the vices. </li></ul><ul><li>Still God chose him; broke him and molded him and has made him to be a steward for his sheep. </li></ul><ul><li>Now the Lord is imparting him with his wisdom and is training him to be an Apostle with a Prophetic Calling . </li></ul><ul><li>Praise God! for his Yoke is easy and his burden is light   </li></ul>