He is the son of Amittai who is from Gath-Hepher (Few miles north of Nazareth) Amittai means Truth in Hebrew ( אמת ) [emet]
Jonah is the 5 th minor prophet in the Old testament order
He is mentioned twice in the Old testament
2 Kings 14:25 – Jonah’s prophecy on Israel’s territory restoration is fulfilled
Book of Jonah
In New Testament , he is again referred twice by Jesus himself
Mt 12:38-41 , Luke 11:29-32 (When the Pharisees tried to corner Jesus by asking him to show a sign, He made a reference to Jonah. Jonah's restoration after three days inside the great whale prefigured the Resurrection of Jesus Christ after three days.
According to Judaism, Jonah was the boy who was brought back to life by Elijah (The son of the widow from Zarepath) [1Kings 17:17-24]
This Young boy became one of the disciples of Elijah and was trained by Elijah
Jonah was one among the 50 prophets who stood at the banks of River Jordan when Elijah was taken up into the heavens (2 Kings 2:7)
Later Jonah became a disciple of Elisha and he was asked by Elisha to anoint King Jehu (2 Kings 9 :1-13) . He was a shy prophet and Jehu’s friends called him a mad fellow/false prophet .( This could be one of the factors for Jonah’s disobedience in going to Nineveh)
When God showed mercy to Nineveh, Jonah gets angry because his prophesy was not fulfilled
Jonah became grumpy and waited to see the destruction of Nineveh. Moreover the burns in his body (acidic burns because of staying inside the fish’s belly) irritated him
God made a gourd to grow and cover up Jonah. Jonah was glad. Then God made a worm to eat the gourd. Now when Jonah felt the heat of the sun, he fainted and wished to die. God did this to make Jonah understand that he was a merciful God.
Moral : God’s plans, thoughts and ways are not ours. If we hold on to him, we would understand his plans.