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Jonah

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  • 1. Jonah The Runaway Prophet
  • 2. Disclaimer
    • The insights of this presentation is prepared by the author after detailed research of Biblical Scriptures (The Holy Bible) as well as that of
      • Hebrew texts
      • Rabbinic Literature
      • Pseudo Ephiphanius writings
      • Book of Tobias (Apocrypha/ Orthodox Biblical Canon)
      • Third book of Machabees (Apocrypha )
    • The Presentation will help the viewer
      • To have a better understanding on Biblical History
      • To have a clear idea about the book of Jonah
  • 3. The story of Jonah
    • Jonah was a Prophet in a little town of Joppa ( present day Jaffa) in Philistine .
    • God called him and asked him to go to a place called Nineveh , capital of Assyria and prophecy against them.
    • But Jonah disobeyed God and boarded a ship sailing through the Mediterranean sea and headed to a place called Tarshish (Tarsus) [ Spain ]
  • 4. The story of Jonah
    • Raging storms broke loose and the sailors found that it was God’s anger that has caused the storm. Jonah was thrown into the sea.
    • He was gulped by a sea fish [ Whale ]. Jonah repented and prayed inside the tummy of the fish. The fish vomited Jonah upon the dry land
    • Jonah went and prophesied to Nineveh and the people of Nineveh repented of their sins
    • To have a better understanding of the places mentioned here, please take a look at the map in the next slide
  • 5.  
  • 6. Historical Setting
    • Jonah becomes a prophet during the reign of Jeroboam II (Israel’s most powerful King) 793 BC
    • Jonah Prophesied between 793 BC – 753 BC
    • Jonah Preceded Amos
    • Jonah was a little boy during the time of the two miracle working prophets -Elijah and Elisha
    • Shalmaneser III was the King of Assyria when Jonah prophesied to Nineveh
    • Joppa was an Israeli Territory during that time
  • 7. Who is this Jonah?
    • Jonah (Yunus in Arabic) means Dove [peace]
    • He is the son of Amittai who is from Gath-Hepher (Few miles north of Nazareth) Amittai means Truth in Hebrew (   אמת ) [emet]
    • Jonah is the 5 th minor prophet in the Old testament order
    • He is mentioned twice in the Old testament
      • 2 Kings 14:25 – Jonah’s prophecy on Israel’s territory restoration is fulfilled
      • Book of Jonah
    • In New Testament , he is again referred twice by Jesus himself
      • Mt 12:38-41 , Luke 11:29-32 (When the Pharisees tried to corner Jesus by asking him to show a sign, He made a reference to Jonah. Jonah's restoration after three days inside the great whale prefigured the Resurrection of Jesus Christ after three days.
  • 8. Jonah – Additional Information
    • According to Judaism, Jonah was the boy who was brought back to life by Elijah (The son of the widow from Zarepath) [1Kings 17:17-24]
    • This Young boy became one of the disciples of Elijah and was trained by Elijah
    • Jonah was one among the 50 prophets who stood at the banks of River Jordan when Elijah was taken up into the heavens (2 Kings 2:7)
    • Later Jonah became a disciple of Elisha and he was asked by Elisha to anoint King Jehu (2 Kings 9 :1-13) . He was a shy prophet and Jehu’s friends called him a mad fellow/false prophet .( This could be one of the factors for Jonah’s disobedience in going to Nineveh)
  • 9. Now let us enter into the Book of Jonah
  • 10. Jonah – Book Formation
    • The book of Jonah was written by an unknown author
    • There are four chapters in the book of Jonah
    • Each chapter in the book of Jonah conveys a definite message
    • There is a relationship between the even chapters and the odd chapters ( we will explore that after understanding the four chapters)
  • 11. Jonah - 1
    • God gives an Instruction to Jonah (Go to Nineveh)
    • Jonah disobeys God ( Travels to Tarshish)
    • God creates a storm and makes the sailors to understand that the storm was a result of Jonah’s disobedience.
    • Jonah is thrown inside the sea.
    • To make matters worse, a big fish swallows Jonah
    • Moral : If we disobey God, God will Punish us.
  • 12. Jonah - 2
    • Jonah understands his mistake and prays inside the tummy of the fish
    • He submits himself to God and asks for repentance
    • God forgives him and makes he fish to vomit Jonah upon the dry land
    • Moral : If we accept our mistakes and repent, God will forgive us and save us.
    • In Jonah’s case, God used the fish as a submarine.
  • 13. Jonah - 3
    • Jonah goes to Nineveh and preaches to the people of Nineveh.
    • The people of Nineveh repent (From King to Livestock)
    • God forgives them
    • Moral : God is a Gracious God. He will forgive and forget our past sins if we really repent and submit ourselves to him
  • 14. Jonah - 4
    • When God showed mercy to Nineveh, Jonah gets angry because his prophesy was not fulfilled
    • Jonah became grumpy and waited to see the destruction of Nineveh. Moreover the burns in his body (acidic burns because of staying inside the fish’s belly) irritated him
    • God made a gourd to grow and cover up Jonah. Jonah was glad. Then God made a worm to eat the gourd. Now when Jonah felt the heat of the sun, he fainted and wished to die. God did this to make Jonah understand that he was a merciful God.
    • Moral : God’s plans, thoughts and ways are not ours. If we hold on to him, we would understand his plans.
  • 15. Relationship between chapters 1 and 3
    • The same verses in the two chapters have similarities
      • Verse 1 – God’s command to Jonah
      • Verse 3 – Jonah’s response to God’s command
      • Verse 5 – Reaction of people around Jonah
  • 16. Relationship between chapters 2 and 4
    • The 2 nd chapter and 4 th chapter shows Jonah’s contrasting behavioral response
      • Verse 1 – Jonah’s prayer/ Jonah’s anger
      • Verse 7,8 – Jonah’s soul fainted / Physically fainted
  • 17. End note
    • The book of Jonah ends with a question posed by God.
    • We never know whether Jonah became calm or whether he continued to be grumpy
    • But we know one thing from the book of Jonah – God is a merciful God and he gives us one more chance to repent and ask for forgiveness. Are we ready to submit ourselves?
  • 18. About the author
    • The author[ Prason] comes from a very small town in the southern most part of India.
    • He had a good education and he was brought up in Christian faith. But he went with the ways of the world in his late teens and fell for all the vices.
    • Still God chose him; broke him and molded him and has made him to be a steward for his sheep.
    • Now the Lord is imparting him with his wisdom and is training him to be an Apostle with a Prophetic Calling .
    • Praise God! for his Yoke is easy and his burden is light  
    • If you want to share anything regarding this presentation, please write to the author [Prason] at [email_address]