IBM Power Systems AIX & Power Software Trends   Jay Kruemcke   IBM Power Systems Software   jayk@us.ibm.com   Twitter @chr...
IBM Power SystemsIBM Power UNIX Leadership                              UNIX Server Rolling Four Quarter Average Revenue S...
IBM Power SystemsWhy AIX is the Premier UNIX® Platform Today                        Outstanding Performance               ...
IBM Power SystemsPower Systems Scalability and Value Growth                                          =                    ...
IBM Power SystemsIBM POWER Processor – Delivering our roadmap                                                             ...
IBM Power SystemsMore Processing Capacity In Power Servers                        Maximum processing threads              ...
IBM Power SystemsPOWER7+ Systems    IBM POWER7+ processor-based servers           Model             Cores           Memory...
IBM Power Systems                         PowerVM™ Virtualization Architecture                          PowerVM key design...
IBM Power Systems    Power is “Optimized for efficiency”      PowerVM is the only hypervisor that delivers on the promise ...
IBM Power SystemsPower Workload Optimization : AIX                                                                        ...
IBM Power SystemsWorkload Optimized: WebSphere Application Server                                                         ...
IBM Power Systems       WebSphere Application Server Optimized To Exploit POWER7                                          ...
IBM Power Systems WebSphere: POWER7 Blade versus X86 1313                                    © 2013 IBM Corporation
IBM Power Systems Trusted Security for Mission Critical workloads”     RAS and Security years ahead of the competition    ...
IBM Power Systems  AIX & Power Systems Security Certifications          2005                                          2006...
IBM Power SystemsPowerSC Standard Edition PowerSC provides a security and compliance solution to protect datacenters virtu...
IBM Power Systems AIX 5.2 and AIX 5.3 WPARs for AIX 7     New offering designed to simplify consolidation of AIX 5.3 envir...
IBM Power SystemsAIX 5.3 Service Extension      2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015               ...
IBM Power SystemsProcessor technology – Scaling versus Innovation                                                   Gain b...
IBM Power SystemsPOWER7+ Crypto Acceleration Application Enablement                                  Applications Using St...
IBM Power SystemsPOWER7+ AME Accelerator – Potential advantages       Active Memory Expansion Modeled Statistics:       Mo...
IBM Power Systems        We Can Leverage Workload Optimizations To Continue To        Boost Performance And Improve Price ...
IBM Power SystemsAIX Dynamic System Optimizer                                                      Active System Optimizer...
IBM Power SystemsAIX Dynamic System Optimizer 2012        Works on All POWER7 systems     Dynamic 16 MB Page Size Manageme...
IBM Power SystemsDynamic System Optimizer Potential Results           160           140           120           100       ...
IBM Power SystemsFall 2012 AIX Enhancements     AIX Enterprise Edition Content changes     Scaled Throughput by Aggressive...
IBM Power SystemsAIX Editions AIX is available in three different editions:     –AIX Standard Edition                     ...
IBM Power SystemsAIX Enterprise Edition Content Changes AIX Enterprise Edition Past                AIX Enterprise Edition ...
IBM Power SystemsAIX Scaled Throughput Processor Folding Option     New AIX tuning option (schedo) to more aggressively dr...
IBM Power Systems     AIX Workload Partitions                                               AIX Global                    ...
IBM Power SystemsLPAR to WPAR (AIX 7 TL2)                                                  LPAR AdamSimple Migration from ...
IBM Power SystemsWPAR IBM Java Optimization                                                       WAS                 WAS ...
IBM Power SystemsFall 2012 PowerVM and Virtualization Features     Live Partition Mobility for IBM i (1H12)     Allow 1/20...
IBM Power SystemsNew!! VIOS Performance Advisor                                   CPU Section Snapshot      Proactive VIOS...
IBM Power Systems PowerVM – Shared Storage Pools (SSP)             Extending Integrated Storage Virtualization Beyond a Si...
IBM Power SystemsFall 2012 VIOS Shared Storage Pools     Increase scaling to 16 nodes in a cluster     Scalability Improve...
IBM Power Systems     PowerSC 1.2 Features – November 2012          PowerSC provides a security and compliance solution to...
IBM Power Systems PowerSC Trusted Surveyor     Monitors the compliance of virtual networks to enforce network segregation ...
IBM Power SystemsPowerSC Trusted Surveyor Typical Installation                     LPAR 0    PowerSC LPAR         LPAR n  ...
IBM Power Systems NEW ! PowerHA SystemMirror 7.1 Enterprise Edition Simpler to deploy and easier to manage multi-site conf...
IBM Power Systems PowerHA Enterprise Edition 7.1 Two-Site Solutions               Two-Site Stretched Cluster   PowerHA Sys...
IBM Power SystemsThemes Driving the Future AIX     Enabling the next generation of Power Systems       – Processors, Syste...
IBM Power Systems                     AIX 7 – The Future of UNIX43                                                © 2013 I...
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021413 aix trends_jay_kruemcke

  1. 1. IBM Power Systems AIX & Power Software Trends Jay Kruemcke IBM Power Systems Software jayk@us.ibm.com Twitter @chromeaix kruemcke.com©2012 IBM Corporation © 2013 IBM Corporation
  2. 2. IBM Power SystemsIBM Power UNIX Leadership UNIX Server Rolling Four Quarter Average Revenue Share 55% POWER7 50% Active memory POWER6 expansion Live Partition 45% Mobility POWER5 Micro-Partitioning Micro- 40% POWER6 Active Memory 35% Sharing 30% POWER4 Dynamic LPARs 25% 20% HP Sun/Oracle IBM 15% Q 00 Q 00 Q 1 Q 01 Q 1 Q 01 Q 2 Q 02 Q 02 Q 2 Q 03 Q 3 Q 03 Q 3 Q 04 Q 4 Q 04 Q 4 Q 05 Q 5 Q 05 Q 5 Q 06 Q 6 Q 06 Q 6 Q 07 Q 7 Q 07 Q 07 Q 8 Q 08 Q 8 Q 08 Q 9 Q 09 Q 9 Q 09 Q 0 Q 10 Q 0 Q 10 Q 11 Q 1 Q 11 Q 1 Q 12 Q 2 2 10 30 10 40 20 40 20 40 20 40 20 40 20 10 30 10 30 11 31 21 41 21 31 3 4 2 4 2 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 1 3 4 2 4 2 4 2 4 1 3 1 Q Source: IDC Server Tracker, 3Q122 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  3. 3. IBM Power SystemsWhy AIX is the Premier UNIX® Platform Today Outstanding Performance Improved Efficiency through Virtualization Innovation through integrated Development Strong, stable, non-disruptive roadmap3 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  4. 4. IBM Power SystemsPower Systems Scalability and Value Growth = POWER4 P690 POWER 710 (2002) (2010) List Price ~$3M List Price ~$11K 32 Processors 6 Processors rPerf – 60.6 rPerf 76.69 Weight 1000kg Weight 28kg4 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  5. 5. IBM Power SystemsIBM POWER Processor – Delivering our roadmap POWER8 POWER7/7+ POWER6/6+ Most POWER5/5+ POWERful & Fastest Scalable Processor Processor in Hardware Industry POWER4/4+ Virtualization In Industry Dual Core 4, 6, 8 Core for Unix & Linux High Frequencies 32MB On-Chip eDRAM First Dual Core Dual Core & Quad Core Virtualization + Power Optimized Cores in Industry Modules Memory Subsystem + Mem Subsystem ++ Dual Core Enhanced Scaling Altivec 4 Thread SMT++ Chip Multi Processing 2 Thread SMT Instruction Retry Reliability + Distributed Switch Distributed Switch + Dyn Energy Mgmt VSM & VSX Shared L2 Core Parallelism + 2 Thread SMT + Protection Keys+ Dynamic LPARs (32) FP Performance + Protection Keys 45nm 180nm Memory bandwidth + 65nm 130nm, 90nm 2001 2004 2007 20105 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  6. 6. IBM Power SystemsMore Processing Capacity In Power Servers Maximum processing threads POWER7™ 32 sockets/server 1024 available in largest generational 1024 threads server POWER6™ POWER5™ 32 sockets/server 32 sockets/server 128 threads 128 threadsThreads 128 Intel Westmere-EX Intel Nehalem-EX 4 sockets/server POWER4™ Intel 16 sockets/server Dunnington 4 sockets/server 80 threads 32 threads 4 sockets/server 64 threads 48 threads Intel 32 Intel Intel Tigerton Gallatin Tulsa 4 sockets/srvr 4 sockets/srvr 4 sockets/server 16 threads 4 threads 8 threads 0 2001 2003 2004 2005 2007 2010 20116 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  7. 7. IBM Power SystemsPOWER7+ Systems IBM POWER7+ processor-based servers Model Cores Memory Form Partitions Managed (Options) (Maximum) (Maximum) Factor by Power 710 Express 4,6,8 256GB 2U 160 HMC or IVM Power 720 Express 4,6,8 512GB 4U 160 HMC or IVM Power 730 Express 8,12,16 512GB 2U 320 HMC or IVM Power 740 Express 6,8,12,16 1024GB 4U 320 HMC or IVM Power 750 Express 8,16,24,32 1TB 5U 640 HMC or IVM Power 760 12,24,36,48 2TB 5U 960 HMC Power 770 12,24,32,36,48,64 4TB 4U 1000 HMC (per node) Power 780 16,32,48,64,96,128 2TB 4U 1000 HMC (per node) Flex System p260 8,16 512GB Compute Node 320 FSM PowerLinux 7R1 4,6,8 256GB 2U 160 HMC or IVM PowerLinux 7R2 8,12,16 512GB 2U 320 HMC or IVM Flex System p24L 8,16 512GB Compute Node 320 FSM7 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  8. 8. IBM Power Systems PowerVM™ Virtualization Architecture PowerVM key design points • Designed for high efficiency to provide high overall performance • Designed for high scalability – linear from 1/20 to 256 cores • Designed for isolation to provide security and “no compromise” consolidation • Designed for maximum resource granularity to reduce wasting resources AIX partitions AIX Linux IBM i Virtual Virtual partitions I/O I/O server server Ondemand WPAR WPAR Virtual Virtual resources network network AIX Linux SLIC & & WPAR kernels kernels storage storage Power Virtual Network Hardware Hypervisor Virtual processors Virtual adaptersManagement Console Processors Service Memory processor Expansion slots Local devices & storage Networks and network storage 8Jay Kruemc ke IBM 2003 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  9. 9. IBM Power Systems Power is “Optimized for efficiency” PowerVM is the only hypervisor that delivers on the promise of efficiency as you scale your infrastructure PowerVM versus competitive virtualization study The more you use 61,000 customers surveyed PowerVM, the lower your cost per unit of work. Data normalized to a Medium VMware deployment PowerVM cost per VM declines 19.3% as environment scaled from Medium to Very Large in size Competing virtualization cost per VM increased up to 1.92x over same scale Source: Does Your Virtualization Platform Matter? Getting the Most Out of Your IT Platforms with Virtualization; Solitaire Interglobal Ltd (All rights reserved); April 2012.9 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  10. 10. IBM Power SystemsPower Workload Optimization : AIX Potential AIX Feature AIX 5.3 AIX 6.1 AIX 7.1 Performance Improvement Up to 20% over SMT4 N/A Yes Yes SMT2 Enhanced Affinity N/A Yes (TL5+) Yes Up to 20% Up to 20% (large 1 TB Segments Aliasing N/A Yes1 Autonomic shared memory areas, SGAs) 2 POWER7 Data Prefetch On On On Up to 18% Dynamic multiple page Up to 10% N/A On On size Can achieve levels Active/Dynamic System Yes (TL8) Yes (TL1) N/A comparable to Optimizer Default off Default off hand-tuned applications 1 Default is off 2 Terabyte segment must be configured manually on AIX 6.1 and requires restart of the application 3 Some applications, such as Java SDK 6 SR7, do their own data prefetching. Disabling hardware prefetch off may affect other applications (TCP streaming)10 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  11. 11. IBM Power SystemsWorkload Optimized: WebSphere Application Server Potential WAS Feature WAS 6 WAS 7 WAS 8 Performance Improvement POWER7 optimization No Yes Yes Up to 2X - P7 instruction scheduling - Transient software pre-fetch - Java6 SR7 AIX Autonomic 64KB Page No Yes Yes Up to 18% Size - Java6 SR7 Scalability optimization No No Yes Up to 10% for > 12-core Java Data Persistence API No No Yes Up to 100% Support Web Services performance No No Yes Up to 20% optimization Memory footprint reduction No No Yes Up to 3% Startup time acceleration No No Yes Up to 18%11 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  12. 12. IBM Power Systems WebSphere Application Server Optimized To Exploit POWER7 Day Trader 2.0 – Single JVM 16000 = POWER7 with WAS v7 (Optimized) 14000 = POWER7 with WAS v7 (Unmodified) 12000 WAS with optimizations Near linearRequests/Seconds 10000 scaling on 8000 Power Systems 6000 WAS before 4000 optimizations 2000 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Number of Hardware Threads Optimizations improve performance by 2x over non-optimized single instance Source: IBM Software Group Internal Study 12 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  13. 13. IBM Power Systems WebSphere: POWER7 Blade versus X86 1313 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  14. 14. IBM Power Systems Trusted Security for Mission Critical workloads” RAS and Security years ahead of the competition Sample size 43,260 Power Systems firmware has zero reported security vulnerabilities versus x86 – Average of 50+ breaches for Windows 1 – Average of 25+ breaches for Linux 1 Superior availability of AIX/Power over the competition – 80% more downtime for Windows/x86 1 – 35% more downtime for Linux/x86 1 PowerSC Security and Compliance simplifies management and measurement of security while reducing costs Source: Does Your OS Matter? Selecting a Strategic Operating System; Solitaire Interglobal Ltd (All rights reserved); October 2011.14 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  15. 15. IBM Power Systems AIX & Power Systems Security Certifications 2005 2006 2007 2012 AIX 5200-06 CAPP/EAL4+ AIX 7100-00 Application: 01/11/05 AIX 5L 5200-05 and OSPP Version 2.0 / EAL4+ Final report: 10/26/05 Pitbull LSPP/EAL4+ OSPP-Advanced Mgmt Certificate: 12/14/05 Application :01/11/05 OSPP – Crypto Certificate issued: 05/16/06 OSPP – Integrity Verification OSPP – Labeled Security OSPP - Virtualization AIX 5300-05 Supports P7, P6, P5, P4 LSPP/EAL4+ Pitbull product Supports P5, P4 Certificate issued: 12/19/06 Pitbull MLS Ported to AIX 6100-00) AIX 5300-03 CAPP/RBACPP/LSPP/EAL4+ Pitbull product available to MLS capabilities integrated customers Dec 31, 05 into standard AIX product One certification for 3 Protection Profiles Supports P6, P5, P4Certification History AIX 5300-04 CAPP/EAL4+AIX 4.2 C2: Apr 24, 1997 Supports P5, P4 Certificate issued: 12/19/06 POWER6 HardwareAIX 4.3 C2: May 6, 1998 EAL4+AIX 5.2 CAPP/EAL4+ : Nov 4, 2002 VIOS EAL4+ Dynamic LPAR with MicroPartitioningPOWER4 HW CAPP/EAL4+ : Apr 2003 Included with AIX 53.00-04 CAPP/EAL4+AIX 5.2 ML1 CAPP/EAL4+ : Sept 8, 2003AIX 5.2 ML6 CAPP/EAL4+ : Dec 14, 2005 LegendAIX 5.2 ML5 and Pitbull LSPP: May 16, 2006 AIX V5.2 AIX V5.3AIX 5.3 TL5 and Pitbull LSPP: May 16, 2006 AIX 6AIX 5.2 TL4 & VIOS CAPP/EAL4+: Dec 16, 2006 AIX 7POWER6: Dec, 2007 VIOSAIX 6 CAPP/EAL4+ LSPP: May 26, 2008 POWER6AIX 7 & VIOS OSPP/EAL4+: August 20, 2012 *All statements regarding IBMs future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only 15 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  16. 16. IBM Power SystemsPowerSC Standard Edition PowerSC provides a security and compliance solution to protect datacenters virtualized with PowerVM enabling higher quality services Business Capabilities Requirements Trusted Logging Compliance and The SVM/VIOS capture all LPAR audit Tamper-proof logs Audit log information in real time. Guarantee that the OS Trusted Boot Boot images and OS are cryptographically Defense against has not been hacked or compromised in any way signed and validated using a virtual Trusted tampering Platform Module (vTPM) Trusted Network Connect Ensure that every Virtual and Patch Management System has appropriate Notification of Detect any system attempting to access the network and security patches determine if it is at the correct security patch and update Unpatched systems level. Protected tiers of Trusted Firewall (2Q 2012) Integrated network network access Provide integrated firewall inside of the virtual network infrastructure security Compliance and Audit Security Compliance Compliance automation to Automation (PowerSC Express) and reporting External Standards Pre-built compliance profiles that match various industry standards such as Payment Card Industry, DOD and Sox/Cobit. Activated and Reported on centrally using AIX Profile Mgr16 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  17. 17. IBM Power Systems AIX 5.2 and AIX 5.3 WPARs for AIX 7 New offering designed to simplify consolidation of AIX 5.3 environments New offering designed to simplify consolidation of AIX 5.3 environments Minimize effort to consolidate old environments on new, more efficient hardware Minimize effort to consolidate old environments on new, more efficient hardware Allows clients who must stay on AIX V5.3 to better advantage of POWER7 Allows clients who must stay on AIX V5.3 to better advantage of POWER7 Allows a legacy AIX 5.2 or AIX 5.3 environment to AIX 7 Native Environment be run inside a WPAR on POWER7 processor- /usr based systems with AIX 7 /opt AIX 5L versioned AIX 5.2 versioned environment Environment – Simply back up existing environment and restore inside of an AIX 7 WPAR WPAR WPAR WPAR WPAR C D A B / / Processes run at full speed – no instruction / / /var /var /var /var /tmp /tmp mksysb translation is involved /tmp /home /tmp /home /home /usr /home /usr mksysb backup /opt /opt backup from Includes how-to and limited defect support for the from AIX 5.2 Syscalls Translation 5.2 syscall compatibility AIX 5L operating system running in the WPAR AIX 5L legacy AIX 7 native syscalls legacy system – Does not require legacy extended support system Mobility is supported AIX 7 Kernel Can be managed via IBM Systems Director POWER7 Workload Partitions Manager AIX 5.3 and AIX 5.2 WPARs for AIX 7 are a separately charged products built on AIX 717 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  18. 18. IBM Power SystemsAIX 5.3 Service Extension 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 AIX 5.3 Service Extension AIX 5.3 Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 GA TL12 EOM EOS 4/10 4/11 4/12 AIX 5.3 service Extension Offering Content Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 • Phone service for usage questions • Phone support for usage questions • Phone support for usage questions and problem determination and problem determination and problem determination • Some new hardware support • Some new hardware support • No new hardware support • Two planned Service Packs* • Two planned Service Packs* • Interim Fixes only * Entitlement will be required to download Service Extension Service Packs from Fix Central18 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  19. 19. IBM Power SystemsProcessor technology – Scaling versus Innovation Gain by Traditional Scaling Gain by Innovation 100% Relative % Im provem ent 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 180nm 130nm 90nm 65nm 45nm 32nm 1919 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  20. 20. IBM Power SystemsPOWER7+ Crypto Acceleration Application Enablement Applications Using Standard Unix Interfaces: No Recompile Standard Crypto Encrypted Encrypted APIs Data In Data In PKCS11 User Space Strong Keys Flight At Rest Standard Library /dev/random IPsec TCP/IP Encrypted File System Kernel /dev/urandom Cryptographic Library in C Hardware Random Number Generation Power Hardware Acceleration Crypto Strong Key Generation AES Crypto Weak Key Generation / Vulnerability Strong cryptography accelerated with – 0.5% of certificates on the Internet have offload engines in P7+ cores can be weak security keys due to insufficient random number generation. [1] applied to a broader set of data creating a P7+ HW RNG Eliminates Weak Keys stronger security ecosystem. – HW generated random numbers with high This offload allows the P7+ core to remain quality, measurably faster randomness focused on your business application performance.20 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  21. 21. IBM Power SystemsPOWER7+ AME Accelerator – Potential advantages Active Memory Expansion Modeled Statistics: Modeled Expanded Memory Size : 8.00 GB POWER7 environment Expansion True Memory Modeled Memory CPU Usage Factor Modeled Size Gain Estimate --------- -------------- ----------------- ----------- 1.21 6.75 GB 1.25 GB [ 19%] 0.00 1.31 6.25 GB 1.75 GB [ 28%] 0.20 1.41 5.75 GB 2.25 GB [ 39%] 0.35 1.51 5.50 GB 2.50 GB [ 45%] 0.58 1.61 5.00 GB 3.00 GB [ 60%] 1.46 amepat results POWER7+ environment • AME transparently exploits POWER7+ hardware acceleration • POWER7+ reduces CPU overhead and latency when using Active Memory Expansion21 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  22. 22. IBM Power Systems We Can Leverage Workload Optimizations To Continue To Boost Performance And Improve Price Performance Workload Optimizations In the past, this Optimize software to fully utilize may require more cores in parallel manual System Performance optimization Optimize systems for specific workloads ► Balanced resources ► Special purpose accelerators Silicon Technology Silicon improvements will continue to allow more transistors on a chip ► Multi-core chips ► Servers with more parallel threads ► Specialized chip accelerators Time22 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  23. 23. IBM Power SystemsAIX Dynamic System Optimizer Active System Optimizer Memory affinity 2011 (AIX 6 2012) –Reduce reference to remote memory –Migrate frequently accessed pages to local memory Workload placement – Optimize placement in platform topology – Group threads in common affinity domain Dynamic page sizes 2012 Monitor Workloads –Promote memory regions to 16Meg pages System Memory prefetch controls Optimizer Analyze Modify AIX Kernel Controls & Policies PowerVM Controls & Policies HW Controls & Policies23 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  24. 24. IBM Power SystemsAIX Dynamic System Optimizer 2012 Works on All POWER7 systems Dynamic 16 MB Page Size Management Optimized Data Stream Pre-fetch – AIX 6.1 TL8 and 7.1 TL2 introduce – Power 7 provides a register to control support for 16 MB page sizes memory pre-fetching (DSCR – Data Stream Control Register) – Automatically enabled when AIX DSO enhanced feature is installed – Controls pre-fetch enablement, depth and stride of pre-fetching. – DSO monitors TLB missed with large memory workloads and automatically – DSCR control automatically enabled does page size promotion when AIX DSO enhanced feature is installed – Targets System V shared memory – DSO analyzes memory access patterns and determines optimal values for DSCR that can be applied at the LPAR or per- process level – DSCR management is dynamic and can be continually adjusted based on changing workload dynamics24 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  25. 25. IBM Power SystemsDynamic System Optimizer Potential Results 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 Message Broker Day Trader 1-skt Day Trader 2-skt SPEC JBB DB2 "TPC-E" Low DB2 "TPC-E" High Util Util Out of Box DSO Notes: • Performance improvements ranged from 0-50% depending on workload and environment details • Long lived multi-threaded workloads with sustained modest CPU usage are good DSO candidates25 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  26. 26. IBM Power SystemsFall 2012 AIX Enhancements AIX Enterprise Edition Content changes Scaled Throughput by Aggressive SMT4 exploitation AIX 7 WPAR Enhancements – LPAR to WPAR migration tool – Java JVM shared memory between WPARs IPV6 support – IPV6 for NFSV3 – WPARs IPV6 for WPAR specific routing Active System Optimization – Added support for AIX 6 TL826 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  27. 27. IBM Power SystemsAIX Editions AIX is available in three different editions: –AIX Standard Edition y t ili ab •Suitable for most UNIX workloads ap C •Vertical scalability up to 256 cores (AIX 7) AIX Enterprise Edition –AIX Enterprise Edition AIX Standard Edition •AIX plus enterprise management •Includes AIX Standard Edition plus management components from Systems AIX Express Director, Tivoli and the Workload Partitions Edition Manager for AIX •Vertical scalability up to 256 cores (AIX 7) –AIX Express Edition •Lower priced edition targeted a low end servers and consolidation of smaller workloads on larger servers •Includes most of the functionality of AIX Standard Edition •Vertical scalability is limited to 4 cores and 8GB of memory per core in a single partition •Clients can use multiple AIX Express Edition partitions in a single larger server27 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  28. 28. IBM Power SystemsAIX Enterprise Edition Content Changes AIX Enterprise Edition Past AIX Enterprise Edition 2012 AIX 7 or AIX 6 AIX 7 or AIX 6 WPAR Manager WPAR Manager Systems Director Enterprise Edition + PowerSC Standard Edition – IBM System Director + AIX Dynamic System Optimizer – Active Energy Manager + SmartCloud Entry for Power – VMControl Enterprise Edition + Director Storage Control – Network Control + Systems Director Standard Edition – Transition Manager for HP® SIM • IBM System Director – Service and Support Manager • Active Energy Manager • Network Control Tivoli Products • Transition Manager for HP® SIM – IBM Tivoli Monitoring • Service and Support Manager – IBM Tivoli Monitoring for Energy = VMControl Enterprise Edition Management Tivoli Products – Tivoli Application Dependency – IBM Tivoli Monitoring Discovery Manager28 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  29. 29. IBM Power SystemsAIX Scaled Throughput Processor Folding Option New AIX tuning option (schedo) to more aggressively drive higher SMT levels for scaled throughput versus lower SMT levels for raw thread performance on all POWER7 systems Per LPAR behavior Effect on SystemDefault Processor Folding Approach Core 1 Core 2 Core 3 Core 1 Core 2 Core 1 Core N P P P P T T T T ` ` T T D D D D D D SMT1 SMT2 SMT4Scaled-Throughput Approach (Biased to SMT4) Core 1 Core 1 Core 1 Core 1 Core 1 Core 2 Core 2 Core N P P P P P P P T T T D D D D P - Production D - Development T - Test29 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  30. 30. IBM Power Systems AIX Workload Partitions AIX Global instance WPAR Application WPAR WPAR are included with AIX 6 or AIX 7 Server Billing Concept: A single Global AIX kernel sharing WPAR WPAR Test CPU, RAM, I/O between WPARs Web WPAR Server BI Each Workload Partition (WPAR) Independent WPAR start / stop Own network address (aliased) WPARs managed by: WPARs managed by: Isolated users, processes, IPC, cron, syslog - -Command Line Command Line Isolated filesystems: root, /tmp, /var & /home - -SMIT SMIT Optional read-only or separate /usr & /opt filesystems - -WPAR Manager WPAR Manager Full resource control – CPU, memory, paging space, disk, etc. utilization caps Key Potential Benefits • Significant memory and system resources per Virtual Machine = More workloads • Improved administrator efficiency = Lower costs • Easy and quick virtual machine creation = Improved efficiency and flexibility30 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  31. 31. IBM Power SystemsLPAR to WPAR (AIX 7 TL2) LPAR AdamSimple Migration from LPAR to WPAR: WAS Workload• Create a mksysb image of the LPAR• Provision any datavg’s to the new LPAR• Create a WPAR, specifying the mksysb image mksysbOptions:• Create the WPAR “in-place” in the same LPAR• Create a Shared WPAR • Shared (read-only) /usr and /opt with the global for ease of maintenance and reduced storage and memory footprint mkwpar• Create a Detached WPAR • Private (writable) /usr and /opt directly LPAR Bob from the mksysb WPAR /usr Adam /opt WAS31 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  32. 32. IBM Power SystemsWPAR IBM Java Optimization WAS WAS WAS WAS The problem JVM JVM JVM JVM – JVM shared class cache is implemented in shared IPC memory to be used by any Class Cache Class Cache Class Cache Class Cache JVM in the same OS instance WPAR WPAR WPAR WPAR – WPARs appear as different OS instances and enforce isolation AIX Operating System – Therefore the class cache can not be shared Physical/Virtual Hardware The solution – Create a new privilege that can be added to a WPAR to allow shared memory WAS WAS WAS WAS regions across WPARs – Also allow IPC semaphores to be shared JVM JVM JVM JVM to provide for serialized updates of the shared memory WPAR WPAR WPAR WPAR – Working in conjunction with IBM JVM team to exploit this feature AIX Operating Class Cache in Shared memory System Physical/Virtual Hardware32 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  33. 33. IBM Power SystemsFall 2012 PowerVM and Virtualization Features Live Partition Mobility for IBM i (1H12) Allow 1/20 core minimum entitlement LPM Concurrency Improvements LPM Performance Improvements Usability enhancements VIOS Performance Advisor Shared Storage Pools Improvements PowerSC Trusted Surveyor PowerSC Express – HIPAA profile33 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  34. 34. IBM Power SystemsNew!! VIOS Performance Advisor CPU Section Snapshot Proactive VIOS Health Check Provides Advise on how to Tune the VIO Server Before Problems Occur Shipped with PowerVM 2.2.2 Reports are viewed with a web browser Can be use as a historical measure of performance34 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  35. 35. IBM Power Systems PowerVM – Shared Storage Pools (SSP) Extending Integrated Storage Virtualization Beyond a Single Server Advantages of Shared Storage PowerVM PowerVM with Shared Storage Pools • Cost savings through sharing; NW efficient utilization of physical I/O • Facilitates server consolidation by VIOS VIOS VIOS LPAR LPAR LPAR LPAR LPAR LPAR LPAR LPAR LPAR VIOS VIOS VIOS LPAR LPAR LPAR LPAR LPAR LPAR LPAR LPAR LPAR enabling more LPARs (increased density) Server Server Server Server Server Server • Agility: quick LPAR deployment / teardown • Simplify Live Partition Mobility Storage Pool SAN infrastructure and SAN • Reduce Storage Pool Storage Pool Storage Pool management costs • Reduce datacenter footprint SSP enables optimized utilization of SAN resources across many Power Servers SSP provides space efficient virtual storage that can be rapidly provisioned35 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  36. 36. IBM Power SystemsFall 2012 VIOS Shared Storage Pools Increase scaling to 16 nodes in a cluster Scalability Improvements Storage Utilization Statistics and Reporting Cluster Level RAS Improvements36 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  37. 37. IBM Power Systems PowerSC 1.2 Features – November 2012 PowerSC provides a security and compliance solution to protect data centers virtualized with PowerVM enabling higher quality servicesTechnology Client Benefits Real time Compliance monitoring Simplifies management, by automating monitoring sends alerts to administrators when and providing immediate visibility to administrators when configuration change alter compliance profiles. systems are out of compliance HIPAA Compliance Profile automates Simplifies configuration and reduces cost of compliance the AIX system settings to conform to for systems that must adhere to HIPAA standards. The the HIPAA(Healthcare Industry Portability compliance automation allows systems to be consistently configured to the HIPAA standard and monitored for Accountability Privacy Act) compliance37 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  38. 38. IBM Power Systems PowerSC Trusted Surveyor Monitors the compliance of virtual networks to enforce network segregation policies Designed to enforce network segregation within the virtualization infrastructure. Discovers of Virtual Environment – Queries configuration from HMC Builds internal model and identify relationships Admin provides client isolation policy Saves a snapshot of model - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Next day - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Compare current to previous snapshot – Highlight differences Check against client specified isolation policy – For Example: “Production”, “Development”, PCI, etc. – Identify policy exceptions Generates report: – Web, text and csv38 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  39. 39. IBM Power SystemsPowerSC Trusted Surveyor Typical Installation LPAR 0 PowerSC LPAR LPAR n PowerSC Trusted Surveyor - AIX - Web Server Installation includes everything needed Preferably installed in single purpose partition on system …39 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  40. 40. IBM Power Systems NEW ! PowerHA SystemMirror 7.1 Enterprise Edition Simpler to deploy and easier to manage multi-site configurations with IBM Systems Director, intuitive interfaces, multi-site install wizard Stretched Cluster; Cluster wide AIX commands, kernel based event management single repository multicast communications Linked Clustering; cluster wide AIX commands, kernel based event management, linked clusters with unicast communications & dual repositories HyperSwap for continuously available storage in two-site topologies Cluster Split/Merge technology for managing split-site policy scenarios Announce Date: Oct 3 2013 GA Date: Nov 16 201340 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  41. 41. IBM Power Systems PowerHA Enterprise Edition 7.1 Two-Site Solutions Two-Site Stretched Cluster PowerHA SystemMirror Enterprise Edition – Two distinct options for multi-site deployments – Each option provide configurations optimized for customer requirements Stretched Cluster Repository Disk – Exploits multicast communications – Triple redundant heartbeat – Campus/Metro deployments Linked Cluster Two-Site Linked Cluster – Enables two sites with independent networks (campus or cross country) – Suitable for campus, metro and cross country deployments41 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  42. 42. IBM Power SystemsThemes Driving the Future AIX Enabling the next generation of Power Systems – Processors, Systems, I/O, Storage, accelerators, etc. Advanced Workload Optimization and Enablement of Emerging Workloads – Dynamic Optimization, Scale-out workloads, Big Data Enabling additional capability in the Power Software ecosystem – PowerHA, PowerVM, PowerSC, IBM Systems Director Increased Uptime – Reduced planned downtime and continuous availability enablers – AIX Lifecycle adjustments Cloud and scalable virtualization – Deployment , initial configuration, and management simplification All statements regarding IBMs future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only.42 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  43. 43. IBM Power Systems AIX 7 – The Future of UNIX43 © 2013 IBM Corporation
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