R&j lit workshop1

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Orientation to literary analysis of Romeo & Juliet based on Holt textbook

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R&j lit workshop1

  1. 1. DRAMA TEKS • explain how dramatic conventions (e.g., monologues, soliloquies, dramatic irony) enhance dramatic text.[4A] Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 1
  2. 2. Romeo & Juliet Literary Workshop, Part 1 Part 1 Characteristics of Shakespearean Tragedy 2 Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10
  3. 3. Part 1, Model 1: Character • Inthefollowingexcerpt,Romeo—theyoung protagonistoftheplayandamemberofthe Montaguefamily—complainstohiscousin, Benvolio,aboutaproblemthatisplaguinghim. As youread,consider… 1. WhatisRomeoexperiencingthatyoucanrelateto? 2. WhatpossibleweaknessorflawdoesRomeo’s attitudehintat? 3. WhatdoyoulearnaboutRomeo’spersonality? 3 Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10
  4. 4. 4 Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10
  5. 5. Part 1, Model 2: Soliloquy • Throughthissoliloquy, readersgainaccesstothe thoughtsandfeelingsofJuliet,aCapulet—and thereforeahatedenemyofanyMontague. Asyou read,consider… 1. Whatdoestheimageryinlines20–25revealabout Juliet’sfeelingsforRomeo? 2. Rereadtheboxedtext.WhatisJuliet’smoodasshe waitsforRomeo?Pointoutspecific wordsand details thatrevealherstateofmind. 5 Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10
  6. 6. Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 6
  7. 7. Romeo & Juliet Literary Workshop, Part 2 Part 2 The Language of Shakespeare 7 Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10
  8. 8. Part 2: The Language of Shakespeare • Shakespeare’s plays deal with experiences and emotions that are easy to relate to, but his language can be challenging for today’s readers to understand. • Once you get past the unfamiliar language, learn the rhythm and learn to “get” his allusions and puns, you’ll find his sense of romance, drama and humor fascinating. Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 8
  9. 9. Part 2: The Language of Shakespeare — Blank Verse • Shakespeare wrote mostly in a poetic form called blank verse. • Blank verse is a poetic form that does not rhyme. • It carries the rhythm of natural speech. • Blank verse is made up of unrhymed lines that follow a rhythm of iambic pentameter. Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 9
  10. 10. Part 2: The Language of Shakespeare — Iambic Pentameter • Read the following lines aloud. Make sure to emphasize each stressed (accented) syllable: Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 10 While this pattern is is thegeneralrule, not every line of the play is written this way. Shakespeareincluded many variationsto avoidsounding monotonous.
  11. 11. Part 2: The Language of Shakespeare — Iambic Pentameter Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 11
  12. 12. Part 2: The Language of Shakespeare — Allusion and Word Play • Allusionis a referenceto something that the audience is expected to know. • Shakespeare’s audience was familiar with Greek and Roman mythology as well as the Bible. He sprinkled references to these works throughout his plays. • In the following excerpt, identify the allusion. What mental image does it conjurefor you? • Why do you think Shakespeareincluded this reference? Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 12
  13. 13. Part 2: The Language of Shakespeare — Allusion and Word Play Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 13
  14. 14. Part 2: The Language of Shakespeare — Pun • A pun is a joke exploiting 1) the different possible meanings of a word or 2) the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings. • In the following excerpt,one example of a pun has been boxed. Which of the two-part definition (above) does this pun fit? • There’s another example as well. Find it! Explain it! Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 14
  15. 15. Part 2: The Language of Shakespeare — Pun Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 15
  16. 16. Romeo & Juliet Literary Workshop, Part 3 Part 3 Strategies for Reading Shakespearean Drama 16 Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10
  17. 17. Part 3: Reading Shakespearean Drama • BEFORE you begin reading each Act of a Shakespearean play: • Study the opening Cast of Characters – Who are these people? Why should you care? • Read the Stage Directions – Where does the scene take place? – Who’s on stage? – What are they doing there? • Read the Synopsis at the beginning of the scene. Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 17
  18. 18. Part 3: Reading Shakespearean Drama Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 18
  19. 19. Part 3: Reading Shakespearean Tragedy: Relationships Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 19 • Keep track of relationships between characters: • Are they – Friends? – Relatives? – Enemies?
  20. 20. Part 3: Reading Shakespearean Tragedy: Relationships Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 20 • What arethe characterroles — how are the related in terms of plot and action? • TragicHero? • Foil? • Antagonist? • Comic Relief? • Write the names of charactersin the “Examples” spaceon the appropriateFrayer Model sheetyou began filling out last week.
  21. 21. Part 3: Reading Shakespearean Tragedy: Relationships Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 21 • What are the Charactertraits of the characters? • Character traits are revealed through dialog, soliloquies and asides as well as through actions. • Does the character exhibit any flaws or weaknesses? (Characterflaws and weaknesses are particularly important to note in tragedies like Romeo& Juliet.)
  22. 22. Part 3: Reading Shakespearean Tragedy: Relationships Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 22 • Look for Cause-and-Effectrelationships between events — especially events that lead to tragic outcome. • Tracking Cause-and-Effectrelationships is extremely important for writing your essay this six weeks — “Who Is Most Responsible for the Deaths of Romeo & Juliet?” • Track them on a Graphic Organizer, like the one on the following slide…
  23. 23. Part 3: Reading Shakespearean Tragedy: Relationships Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 23
  24. 24. Part 3: Reading Shakespearean Language: Unfamiliar Words and Phrases Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 24 • In reading Romeo & Juliet, you will encounter a number of unfamiliar words and phrases. • Take care to write down and paraphrase unfamiliar terms into terms you understand. • You can track unfamiliar words and phrases on a Graphic Organizer like the one on the next page…
  25. 25. Part 3: Reading Shakespearean Language: Unfamiliar Words and Phrases Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 25
  26. 26. Part 3 Model: Reading Shakespearean Drama • Let’s read together the fight scene in Act 1, Scene 1… • Setting: Verona, where the play is set; an open marketplace • Action: Sampson and Gregory, servants of the Capulets, have gotten into a heated argument with Abram and Balthasar, servants of the Montagues. Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 26
  27. 27. Part 3 Model: Reading Shakespearean Drama • Use the strategies we’ve discussed so far to analyze the following episode… Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 27
  28. 28. Part 3 Model: Reading Shakespearean Drama Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 28 1. Close Read the entire excerpt. 2. On your K-W-L worksheet, write to describe the setting, characters and action you visualized as you read. 3. Cite details from the dialog and stage direction that helped you form a mental image.
  29. 29. Part 3 Model: Reading Shakespearean Drama Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 29 4. What is Benvolio trying to do when Tybalt arrives? Support your answer.
  30. 30. Part 3 Model: Reading Shakespearean Drama Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 30 5. Using marginal notes as necessary, paraphrase Tybalt’s speech in the boxed lines. Why does Tybalt hate Benvolio so much?
  31. 31. Part 3 Model: Reading Shakespearean Drama Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 31 6. How would you characterize Tybalt on the basis of this excerpt? In what way is he different from Benvolio? Cite details from the text to support your answer.
  32. 32. Romeo & Juliet Literary Workshop, Part 4 Part 4 Analyze the Literature 32 Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10
  33. 33. Part 4: Analyze the Literature • Apply the strategies you’ve learned so far to analyze a longer excerpt from the beginning of the tragedy (next slide): • Setting: A costume party at the Capulets. Disguised with masks, Romeo and other Montagues have crashed the party. • Action: Romeo sees Juliet from across the room; he falls in love at first sight. This sets the course of tragic events in motion. Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 33
  34. 34. Part 4 Model: Analyze the Literature Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 34 1. Choose a part of this passage with several unfamiliar Elizabethan words. Paraphrase the part using Marginal Notes and the word list on page 1028, as necessary.
  35. 35. Part 4 Model: Analyze the Literature Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 35 2. Consider Capulet’s attitude toward his guests and his servants. How would you describe Capulet? Support your answer with details from the text.
  36. 36. Part 4 Model: Analyze the Literature Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 36 3. Reread the boxed text. How is the pattern of Romeo’s smitten speech different from the patterns of earlier lines in the scene.
  37. 37. Part 4 Model: Analyze the Literature Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 37 4. Reread lines 52 – 57. What does Tybalt want to do to Romeo? Explain what has made Tybalt so enraged.
  38. 38. Part 4 Model: Analyze the Literature Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 38 5. Tybalt is just one of many antagonists working against Romeo & Juliet. Cite details that show Tybalt’s searing hatred for Romeo.
  39. 39. Part 4 Model: Analyze the Literature Based on Holt McDougal Literature Grade 9, Unit 10 39 6. Given what you know about the characters’ personalities, what do you think what might happen next between Romeo and Tybalt? Support your prediction with evidence.

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