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Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
Homs06 c—draft
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Homs06 c—draft

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  • 1. Research-Related TEKS • organize information gathered from multiple sources to create a variety of graphics and forms (e.g., notes, learning logs).[21B] • marshals evidencein support of a clear thesis statement and related claims.[23A]
  • 2. Review
  • 3. Review: Figurative language we’ve studied in HOMS (You chose three of these as the focus of your research project.) • Diction—wordchoice • Simile—adirectcomparisonbetweentwounlikethings,usuallywith thewordslikeoras. • Metaphor—impliedcomparisonbetweentworelativelyunlike things.Thecomparisonisnotannouncedbylikeoras. • Personification—givesthequalitiesofapersontoananimal,an object,oranidea. • Tone—writer'sattitudetowardthematerialand/orreaders. • Imagery—Descriptionsofpeopleorobjectsintermsofoursenses • Paradox—astatementthatseemstocontradictitselfbutmakes sensewithmorethought • Analogy—comparisonofsimilaritiesoftwosituations
  • 4. Review: Essential Question > Subsidiary Questions • Essential Question is the basis of what statement? • Thesis Statement • Subsidiary Questions are the basis of what sentences? • Topic Sentences
  • 5. Review: Essential Question = Thesis Statement • (Essential Question) • How does Sandra Cisneros use figurative language to develop characters and themes in The House On Mango Street?
  • 6. Review: Essential Question = Thesis Statement • EssentialQuestionisthebasisofyourThesisStatement. • Example Thesis Statement: In The House On Mango Street, Sandra Cisneros uses figurative language to bring her characters to life, and to develop a theme of an outsider struggling to overcome limitations of her restrictive culture in order to establish a sense of personal identity and personal freedom; struggling to create her own sense of “home” in the world.
  • 7. Subsidiary Questions = Topic Sentences • (Subsidiary Questions) • How does Sandra Cisneros use personification to develop characters and themes in The House On Mango Street?
  • 8. Subsidiary Questions = Topic Sentences • SubsidiaryQuestions are the basis of your Topic Sentences. • Example Topic Sentence: In the vignette “Four Skinny Trees”, trees become inspirational characters through personification as Esperanza views them from her bedroom window.
  • 9. Ready? Set? Write! • Once you understand what you’redoing in regard to Thesis Statement and Topic Sentences, you’re ready to outline and draft your research paper! • Let’s work together on you Introductory Paragraph…
  • 10. Introductory Paragraph: Four Elements • YourIntroductoryParagraphcontainsthesefourelements: • Lead(openingsentenceto “hook”thereader;getthe reader’sattention) • Author and title oftheprimarysource(Thiscanbe incorporatedintoyourLead,butitdoesn’thavetobe.) • Gist of the story (verybriefsummationofwhatthe bookisabout;it’stheme,theessentialmessagetoreaders) • Thesis statement (declarationofwhyyou’rewriting— whatitisyou willdemonstrateandprove.)
  • 11. Introductory Paragraph: Lead • Your IntroductoryParagraphcontainsthe LEAD: • Lead(opening sentenceto “hook”thereader; get thereader’s attention) • Example:The Houseon MangoStreetby Sandra Cisneros is the coming-of-agestory of Esperanza,a girl child in the Mango Streetbarrio. The neighborhood’s male-orientedsocietydemands thatwomen make themselvessubservientto men and “acceptas normal and legitimate”a male systemof valuesthatis abusiveto women.
  • 12. Introductory Paragraph: Name & Title • Your IntroductoryParagraphcontainsthe NAME & TITLE: • Name and Title: (We worked it into our Lead on the previous slide… • Example:The House on Mango Streetby Sandra Cisneros is thecoming-of-agestory of Esperanza,a girl child in theMango Streetbarrio. The neighborhood’s male-orientedsocietydemands that women makethemselvessubservientto men and “acceptas normal and legitimate”a male systemof values thatis abusiveto women.
  • 13. Introductory Paragraph: Name & Title • Your IntroductoryParagraphcontainsthe GIST of the STORY: • Example:The book consistsof 44 vignettesthat portray the plightfemales trappedin various ways by traditionalHispanicsociety. Esperanzawants no part of such a fate. She dreams and schemesof ways in which she might eventuallybreak free—freeto determineher own identityand fate,to charther own life course,to createher own senseof placein the world; to createa new home.
  • 14. Introductory Paragraph: Thesis • Your Introductory Paragraph contains the THESIS: • Example: In The House On Mango Street, Sandra Cisneros uses (simile, diction and personification) to bring her characters to life, and to develop a theme of an outsider struggling to overcome limitations of her restrictive culture in order to establish a sense of personal identity and personal freedom; struggling to create her own sense of “home” in the world.
  • 15. Introductory Paragraph: Example • SoyourIntroductoryParagraphmightcometogetherlikethis: • Example:TheHouseonMangoStreetbySandraCisnerosisthecoming-of- agestoryofEsperanza,agirlchildintheMangoStreetbarrio.The neighborhood’smale-orientedsocietydemandsthatwomenmake themselvessubservienttomenand“acceptasnormalandlegitimate”a malesystemofvaluesthatisabusivetowomen.Thebookconsistsof42 vignettesthatportraytheplightfemalestrappedinvariouswaysby traditionalHispanicsociety.Esperanzawantsnopartofsuchafate.She dreamsandschemesofwaysinwhichshemighteventuallybreakfree— freetodetermineherownidentityandfate,tochartherownlifecourse,to createherownsenseofplaceintheworld;tocreateanewhome.InThe HouseOnMangoStreet,SandraCisnerosuses(simile,dictionand personification)tobringhercharacterstolife,andtodevelopathemeofan outsiderstrugglingtoovercomelimitationsofherrestrictivecultureinorder toestablishasenseofpersonalidentityandpersonalfreedom;strugglingto createherownsenseof“home”intheworld.Thispaperwillanalyzehow shedoesthis.
  • 16. Body Paragraphs: Elements • Transition(providesasmoothtransitionfromthe previousparagraphtothisone.NOTE:TheTransition StatementCANbeworkedintoyourTopicSentence) • TopicSentence(stateswhichelementofFigurative Languagethisparagraphwillbeaboutandhowit relatestothetheme) • TextEvidence(aquotefromthetextthatillustrates howyourchosenFigurativeLanguageelementrelates tothetheme) • Yourcommentary(sentencesinwhichyouexpress yourownpersonalinsightswithregardtotheText Evidence)
  • 17. Body Paragraphs: Transition • Transition (provides a smooth transition from the previous paragraph to this one) • Example of a Transition worked into Topic Sentence: • In the vignette “Four Skinny Trees, Cisneros uses personification extensively to develop her theme of the lonely outsider, seeking friends—allies—asshe struggles to survive in an environment that she feels .
  • 18. Body Paragraphs: Text Evidence • TextEvidence(aquotefromthetextthatillustrates howyourchosenFigurativeLanguage element relatestothetheme) • “Theyaretheonlyoneswhounderstandme.Iam theonlyonewhounderstandsthem. Fourskinny treeswithskinny necksandpointyelbowslike mine.”
  • 19. Body Paragraphs: Commentary • Your commentary (sentences in which you express your own personal insights with regard to the Text Evidence) • Example: Esperanza speaks of the trees as if they are human—as if their physical form has features like human anatomy, as if they have the capacity for human understanding. Esperanza imagines into these trees qualities with which she identifies. She imagines that the trees share her struggle for survival.
  • 20. Body Paragraphs: Example • Your commentary (sentences in which you express your own personal insights with regard to the Text Evidence) • Example: Inthevignette“FourSkinnyTrees,Cisnerosuses personificationextensivelytodevelopherthemeofthelonely outsider,seekingfriends—allies—asshestrugglestosurviveina hostileenvironment.“They are the only ones who understand me. I am the only one who understands them. Four skinny trees with skinny necks and pointy elbows like mine.” Inthis passage,Esperanzaspeaksofthetreesasiftheyarehuman—asif theirphysicalformhasfeaturesofhumananatomy,asiftheyhave thecapacityforhumanunderstanding.Shehasnofriendswhocan empathize.Sosheimaginesthequalitiessheneedsintothesetrees.

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