Dictionary skills
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Dictionary skills

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How to use a dictionary

How to use a dictionary

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Dictionary skills Dictionary skills Presentation Transcript

  • Dictionary Skills 101
  • Defining words
  • Make sure the definition of the word you are looking for fits within the context of the situation.
  • Many words have more than meaning and some of those meanings do NOT FIT in context.
  • Parts of Speech
  • As you know, there are eight parts of speech—noun, verb, pronoun, adverb, adjective, interjection, conjunction, and preposition.
  • If you do not know which part of speech a word is, the dictionary can tell you.
  • In front of the definition for a word, there is an italicized abbreviation— n. v. adj. adv. This is the part of speech.
  • Be careful; most words are more than one part of speech so you need to pay attention to which definition you are looking for.
  • Guide Words
  • Guide words are the words at the top of the page that give a range of the definitions on that page. It is the easiest way to locate a definition.
  • Word Origins
  • The dictionary can also tell you where a word began. This information is at the very end or very beginning of a definition and is usually in brackets.
  • For example, the word “ghetto,” comes from [It, fr. Venetian dial.] This means that the word was first found in writings that were in the Venetian dialect of Italian.