The Industrial Revolution Christina Kieffer Period 6
Industrial RevolutionIndustrial Revolution- A period from the 18th to the 19th century where majorchanges in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technologyhad a profound effect on the social, economic and cultural conditions of the times.Occurred from the 18th century to the 19th century (1760-1850).Began in 1760England, France, Japan, United States
UrbanizationUrbanization was when the majority of acities population started living in citiesand in the suburbs of cities.The Cottage Industry was when peoplestarted working in factories andproducing things, rather than working athome.There was a migration of people fromrural to urban during the IndustrialRevolution.People moved to cities because it was aplace where they could ﬁnd work and inthe farmer type of life, they couldn’tmove up on the branch or increase theirincome.
Agricultural RevolutionThe agricultural revolutionlead to the Industrialrevolution because the priceof produce went up andfarmers could make moremoney by selling their landand buying a seed drill.Crop Rotation where farmersrotate their crops so that thesoil stays fertile.
TextilesThe ﬁrst item to boom inthe industrial revolutionwere textiles.Textiles are woven fabricor cloth.The cotton gin, steamengines and the loomhelped the textile industryboom.Eli whitney invented thecotton gin.
Steam EngineThomas Newcomeninvented the steam enginein 1775.James Watt improved it.It was the ﬁrst engineever created, was fasterthan humans and couldmake almost anything.
Bessemer ProcessIt was the ﬁrst inexpensiveindustrial process for the massproduction of steel.Henry BessemerIt revolutionized steel manufactureby decreasing its cost andincreasing its productivity.
PasteurizationIt was invented by Louis Pasteur, he alsodiscovered the germ theory of disease.It was important because pasteurizationkills bacteria that causes food to go bad.It also sterilizes milk and other food andhelps them last longer.
Thomas EdisonHe invented the light bulb, thephonograph and the microphone.1,000“Discontent is the ﬁrst necessity ofprogress.” -Thomas Edison
RomanticismIt was an artistic,intellectual and literalmovement.It gained strength inreaction to the industrialrevolution.Emily dickinson andWashington Irving.