Ethical Decision Making

  • 6,040 views
Uploaded on

 

More in: Education , Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
6,040
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
3

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>
  • <number>

Transcript

  • 1. Welcome to Ethical Fitness Brad Lund (Caulfeild) Phil Pereira (Rockridge)
  • 2.
    • “ Ethics is a way of looking at the
    • world.
    • It’s a process that
    • helps us come
    • to terms with
    • our toughest dilemmas.
    • It’s not a
    • compromise.
    • It’s a lens .”
    • Rushworth Kidder,
    • How Good People Make Tough Choices
    “ Ethics is a way of looking at the world. It’s a process that helps us come to terms with our toughest dilemmas . It’s not a compromise. It’s a lens.” R. Kidder R. Kidder
  • 3. Ethical Fitness “ is a vehicle for reflective dialogue to be absorbed quietly without the pressure of a looming ethical dilemma– so that, when the moment for the action arrives, the thinking has already been done, the impulses internalized and the intuitions prepared to lead to resolutions that make the world a better place .” R. Kidder
  • 4.
    • “ Young people need to find a
    • moral center in themselves and
    • learn how to manage moral conflicts ….
    • What seems to work best is:
    • considered dialogue about moral dilemmas ,
    • practise in situations of moral conflict ,
    • role modeling by adults.”
    • Sheldon Berman The Bridges to Civility: Empathy, Ethics, and Service
  • 5. Moral: having to do with right and wrong conduct Ethical: pertaining to the study of standards of right and wrong behaviour Value: that which has intrinsic worth; a principle, standard, or quality that is worthwhile Definitions: According to Rushworth Kidder
  • 6. Charting the Moral Barometer
            • 1. Evidence of falling moral barometer?
            • Evidence of rising moral barometer?
  • 7. Cheating in High School
    • 74% of respondents reported one or more instances of serious test cheating
    • 97% report at least one questionable activity (from copying homework to test copying)
    • More than 30% of respondents admit to repetitive, serious cheating on tests/exams
            • Donald McCabe, Survey of 4500 students in 25 schools in U.S., 2000/2001
  • 8.
    • 60%of American high school students cheated on a test,
    • 28% admitted stealing from a store and
    • 23% said they stole from a parent or other relative,
    • according to a national study in which the students
    • gave themselves high marks for ethical behavior.
    • Bloomberg
    2006 Survey Results http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601103&sid=aYvMinAiKtPk&refer=us
  • 9.
    • 92% of the students said they were satisfied with their personal ethics and character
    • 74% agreed with the statement,
    • ``When it comes to doing what is right, I am better than most people I know.''
  • 10. ``It doesn't bode well for the future that so many kids are entering the workforce to become the next generation of corporate executives and cops, politicians and parents, journalists, teachers and coaches, with the dispositions and skills of liars, cheaters and thieves.” Josephson
  • 11. How accurate are the students' responses? 27% of those surveyed said that they lied on at least one of the questions. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601103&sid=aYvMinAiKtPk&refer=us
  • 12. Post-graduate cheaters
    • Education 57%
    • Law 63%
    • Medicine 68%
    • Business 76%
    • Donald McCabe, Survey of 6000 + students in 31 postgraduate programs, 1992 Rutgers University
    • Education 48 %
    • Law school 45 %
    • Engineering 54 %
    • Business students 56 %
    • 2005 by Donald McCabe four-year survey involved 18,000 pupils at 61 schools.
  • 13. Universal Core Values Universal Core Valus Compassion Fairness Honesty Responsibility Respect Universal Core values
  • 14. “ Ethics is not an inoculation. It’s a process. I’ve never met anyone who has good judgment simply because they once had good judgment. They have it because they keep exercising it. That’s what ethics is all about: practice, exercise, and doing right at every turn.” Rushworth Kidder, How Good People Make Tough Choices How is this quotation relevant to your context?
  • 15. Testing for Right-versus-Wrong The legal test The professional-standards test The gut-feeling test The front-page test The role-model test
  • 16. Right versus Right: The Dilemma Paradigms
    • I NDIVIDUAL VS. C OMMUNITY
    • S HORT TERM VS. L ONG T ERM
    • J USTICE VS. M ERCY
    • T RUTH VS. L OYALTY
  • 17. I NDIVIDUAL VS. C OMMUNITY
    • Pits the interests of the individual, standing all alone against those of some larger group (to which the individual also often belongs). Or it could be about the interests of one person compared to another, or the interests of a small group compared to those of some other, larger group.
    • E.g. Teen offered a good one day job that pays lots of $ but promised his S.S. classmates that he would be there to work on the project
  • 18. S HORT TERM VS. L ONG T ERM
    • The immediate needs of the present conflict with those of the future. It’s a “bird in the hand” versus “two birds in the bush.” If we don’t feed ourselves today, we won’t live to see tomorrow; yet if we don’t plan ahead for tomorrow, we could find ourselves hungry and adrift then, too.
    • E.g. Take the job that pays more now (and you need the money) but may not lead anywhere, or take the job that will develop and pay more in the long run.
  • 19. J USTICE VS. M ERCY
    • Is a choice between “going by the book” and “bending the rules.” It involves choosing between fairness and equal treatment of everyone, on the one hand, and compassion and allowing for exceptions, on the other.
    • E.g. Let a student who is having troubles at home off easy when homework is not done or fail him because that’s what was said would happen at the beginning of the year
  • 20. T RUTH VS. L OYALTY
    • Is about being honest versus keeping one’s word. “Telling the truth” most commonly means accurately reporting the facts, whereas loyalty focuses on honor – allegiance to a friends, a group, or a set of ideas.
    • E.g. Principal knows you know who egged the school but if you tell you are going to get your best friend in trouble
  • 21. Right versus Right: The Dilemma Paradigms
    • I NDIVIDUAL VS. C OMMUNITY
    • S HORT TERM VS. L ONG T ERM
    • J USTICE VS. M ERCY
    • T RUTH VS. L OYALTY
  • 22. Resolution Principles
    • ENDS-BASED: Utilitarianism
    • “ The greatest good for the greatest number”
    • Mill, Bentham
    • RULE-BASED : Categorical Imperative
    • “ I ought never to act except in such a way that I can also will that my maxim should become a universal law.” Kant
    • CARE-BASED : Golden Rule
    • “ Do to others as you would have them do to you.”
  • 23. Test: Right vs Wrong Decision Legal Code of Ethics Gut Feeling Newspaper Role Model Analyze: Right vs Right Dilemma Truth vs Loyalty Self vs Community Short Term vs Long Term Justice vs Mercy Resolve: The Higher Right Ends Based Rule Based Care Based Fails 2 Tests Stop Don’t do it . Doesn’t fit a paradigm Stop Not at dilemma Fails a caution test Resolve one way Trilemma Third Way Out Resolve the other way
  • 24.
    • Nine Points for Ethical Decision Making
    • Awareness: Recognize there is a moral issue.
    • Actor: Whose dilemma is this?
    • Facts: Gather all relevant details.
    • Right vs Wrong: Test for wrongdoing.
    • Right vs Right: Determine the paradigms.
    • Resolution: Apply the resolution principles.
    • Trilemma: Is there a third way out?
    • Decision: Decide what to do.
    • Reflection: Revisit the decision later.
  • 25.
    • [email_address]
    • Kidder, R. (2005). Moral Courage. Harper Collins.
    • isbn 0-06-059154-4.
    • Kidder, R. (1995). How Good People Make Tough Choices .NY:Harper Collins.ISBN 0-0688-17590-2
    • Paul, R. and Elder, L. (2001). Ethical Reasoning: Foundation for Critical Thinking. CA: Dillon Beach. ISBN 0-944-583-17-2 item 585m.
    • Starratt, R. (1994). Building an Ethical School . Washington: Dillon ISBN 07507-0085-8.
    • Starratt, R. (2004). Ethical Leadership . San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. ISBN 0-7879-6564-2.