Computer Game Platforms & Technologies Week 1 Introduction to Computer Games
The Module 12 Week Module Theory & Practical Based Two Assignments One Presentation One Demonstration Key background for understanding the Games Industry
Computer Games What are Video Games? Entertainment? Educational? Practical? Not always mass market
History of Games The origin of video games lies in early cathode ray tube-based missile defense systems in the late 1940s. These programs were later adapted into other simple games during the 1950s. By the late 1950s and through the 1960s, more computer games were developed (mostly on mainframe computers), gradually increasing in sophistication and complexity.[n 1] Following this period, video games diverged into different platforms: arcade, mainframe, console, personal computer and later handheld games. Text obtained from Wikipedia -http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_video_games
??? When was the first console ever made? How many generations of consoles are there?
History The first commercially viable video game was Computer Space in 1971 First generation consoles (1972–1976) Second generation consoles (1977–1984) Third generation consoles (1985–1989) Fourth generation consoles (1990–1994) Fifth generation consoles (1995–2000) Sixth generation consoles (since 2001) Seventh generation consoles (since 2005)
So it begins... Missile Defence, Draughts, Tic-tac-toe Cathode Ray Tube Oscilloscope Analogue Computers Mainframes
First Generation (1972–1976) The first home 'console' system was developed by Ralph Baer Magnavox Odyssey The Odyssey used cartridges that mainly consisted of jumpers Odyssey system achieved sales of 2 million units. Mainframe games were being developed
Second Generation (1977–1984) Video Computer System (VCS) - Renamed Atari 2600 1979 saw the creation of Activision, comprising of disgruntled Atari programmers. First third party game developer – look where they are now!
Third Generation (1985–1989) 8 Bit Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) Sega Master System
Golden Age of Gaming Pac man (1980) Defender (1980) Mario Bros. (1983) Elite (1984) Metal Gear (1987) Street Fighter (1987) MegamiTensei (1987)
Fourth generation consoles (1990–1994) 16 Bit Super Nintendo Entertainment System Sega Mega drive
Fifth generation consoles (1995–2000) 32/64 bit Jaguar Sega Saturn Sony Playstation Nintendo N64
Sixth generation consoles (since 2001) Xbox Playstation 2 GameCube Dreamcast
Seventh generation consoles (since 2005) Wii Xbox 360 PS3