• Self-awareness is being conscious ofone’s own thoughts and feelings whichcontributes to one’s empathy as it allowsthem to be understand the experiences,thoughts and feelings of others (Sideris,2010, pg. 457).• Empathy is the skill to place yourself insomeone else’s shoes and recognize whatthat person is feeling. It’s the ability to“feel with rather than to feel for:”(Sideris, 2010, pg. 457). The four aspectsof empathy are viewed within theWheel of Empathy the wheel functionsas a model of empathy and how it works.• “If self-awareness, and empathy byassociation, are evolutionaryimperatives shared by higherfunctioning species, why is it that humanbeings can exercise a lack of empathy?”(Britt, 2011) Is it truly because we chooseto do so?Definition
• A respectful understanding ofothers experiences.• Judging others by theirstandards not yours.• Sensing others’ feelings andperspective.• Taking an active interest intheir concerns.• Wanting the unconditionalbest for others.• Sharing anothers perspective.• Understanding others to thepoint that they can experiencetheir inner drives and emotions.Major Elements/PrincipalTerminology• Putting yourself in someone else’sshoes.• Understanding and feelinganother person’s feelings.• Cognitive empathy: recognizewhat another person is feeling,• Emotional empathy: feel what theperson is feeling,• Compassionate empathy: helpsomeone deal with their situationand emotions.• Knowledge of ones own mentalstates is secure.• Being sensitive to othersexperiences and feelings andreacting with compassion.
Key Figures that portray EmpathyBarackObamaShettyFlorenceNightingaleBillGatesRosaParks
YouTube clip that portrays this charactervalue lens.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=057MoE4bv_Q
• Celebrate pro-socialbehavior.• Teach students how to takeanother person’s perspective.• Regulate one’s ownemotional responses.• When something has beendone in class that goesagainst empathetic behavior,use that time as a teachablemoment.• This could be taught eachand every day and can easilybe added in to any lessonplan.Classroom Context• One has to take a pragmaticapproach when teachingempathy. People need to seeand experience it. Asteachers we have to educatewith empathy.• Be yourself and knowyourself.• Express your feelings.• Explain your feelings andassociated behaviors.• Practice what you preach.• Develop value orientation.• Give students opportunitiesto engage in empathic pro-social behavior.
Barrett-Lennard (1981) distinguished betweenthree different stages of empathy.Hoffman, Eisenberg, Batson and Davis (1983) howempathy relates to altruism and pro-socialbehavior.Hoffman (1987) saw empathy as a response tosomeone else.Barnett (1987) empathy is a feeling that iscongruent to the emotion of another.Batson (1991) empathy refers to other-orientedfeelings and compassion, warmth, concern.Davis (1996) empathy involves different activitiesthat occur at different points in time with cause-effect relationships.Repeating themes in the empathy: understanding,emotion, perceived similarity and concern.Empathy includes a cognitive dimension and anaffective dimension.Roots in ancient Greece, it is anintellectual heritage.Lipps and Prandtl developed the notion ofempathy.Titchener (1909) coined the word empathy.Stein (1917) conceptualized empathy ingeneral terms.Kohler (1929) empathy in psychology.Jean Piaget (1932) empathy is a cognitivefunction.George Herbert Mead (1934) added acognitive component.After World War II: empathy researchdeveloped in the psychology field.Carl Rogers and Heinz Kohut (1951)pioneers in the study of empathy.Stotland (1969) defined empathy in onlyaffective termsHistorical Origins
Referencesac8082. (2010, 11 02). SELF knowledge AND EMPATHY_0001.wmv. Retrieved 0519, 2013, from YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=057MoE4bv_QBritt, E. (2011, 01 06). emotional intelligence. Retrieved 19 2013, 05, from Examiner:http://www.examiner.com/article/emotional-self-awareness-and-empathyCenter for Building a Culture of Empathy. (n.d.). Retrieved 05 19, 2013, from Cutlureof Empathy: http://cultureofempathy.com/References/Definitions.htmCotton, K. (1992). Developing Empathy in Children and Youth. Retrieved 0519, 2013, from Education Northwest:http://educationnorthwest.org/webfm_send/556Dewar, G. (2009). Teaching empathy: Evidence-based tips for fostering empathy inchildren. Retrieved 05 19, 2013, from Parenting Science:http://www.parentingscience.com/teaching-empathy-tips.htmlEmotional Intelligence Competency. (n.d.). Retrieved 05 19, 2013, from Pearl ofWisdom: http://www.pearlofwisdom.org/Empathy.htmlFormica, M. J. (2008, 08 23). Enlightened Living. Retrieved 05 19, 2013, fromPsychology Today: http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/enlightened-living/200808/self-awareness-empathy-and-evolutionHunter, K. (2006). Retrieved 05 19, 2013, from Empathy in Education:http://www.empathyed.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=53&Itemid=54Rycroft, V. (2011, 11 13). Teacher Network. Retrieved 05 19, 2013, from The Guardian:http://www.guardian.co.uk/teacher-network/teacher-blog/2012/nov/13/top-tips-empathy-bullying-world-kindness-daySideris, L., (2010). I see you: Interspecies Empathy and Avatar. Journal for the Study ofReligion, Nature and Culture, pgs. 414-457.Website Links• http://educationnorthwest.org/webfm_send/556• http://internationaljournalofcaringsciences.org/docs/Vol1_Issue3_03_Ioannidou.pdf• http://www.psych.ufl.edu/~chambers/Finalms10-187%28Chambers%29.pdf• http://www.herasaga.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/Decety-Jackson-Empathy.pdf• http://www.wisdominst.org/emergent.pdfResources