Mobile and web technologies in Africa: An NGO's expertise and research on "Silicon Savannah"
Annual Conference of the International Network for PostgraduateStudents in the Area of ICT4D, 12-13 September 2011, LuganoMobile and web technologies in Africa: An NGOʻsexpertise and research on „Silicon Savannah“Christoph Hess (MA) firstname.lastname@example.org @christophhess christoph.m.hess www.slideshare.net/christophhess www.delicious.com/christophhess/ipid2011
Biovision Foundation is a Swiss non-governmentalorganization with the mission of sustainably improving life forpeople in Africa while conserving the environment as the basisfor all life. It was founded in 1998 by Swiss World Food Prizerecipient, Dr. Hans Rudolf Herren, currently President of theMillenium Institute. Biovisionʻs Farmer Communication Programme (FCP) inAfrica pursues a theory of change which postulates thatecologically sustainable solutions are a practical alternative forAfrican farmers to achieve good crop yields without usingexpensive chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The theory isbased on a 4H approach: Animal Health (AH), EnvironmentalHealth (EH), Human Health (HH) and Plant Health (PH).
Mkulima Mbunifu is TOFʻs SwahiliThe Organic version forFarmer (TOF) is a Tanzania. Started inmonthly magazine. July 2011 withStarted in 2005, 5ʻ000 copies. Pictures: Biovision21ʻ000 copies and180ʻ000 readers inKenya.
John Cheburetproduces TOF Pictures: BiovisionRadio since 2008.The weekly showon KBC KiswahiliService has up to 5million listeners.
Picture: www.facebook.com/organicfarmerFacebook allowsreal-time inter-action. The fanpageis used by youngerfarmers andfarmersʻ childern.
Picture: http://one.laptop.orgBiovisionʻs exten-sion workers areequipped with theOLPC. Used for 3years and mightnot be the bestoption anymore.
iTOF and Infor-mation Ofﬁcers are Pictures: Biovisioncomputer-literateextension workers.30 people, estab-lished in 2009.Regular trainings.
Huawei Ideos runson Android andcosts only 80 USD.We are working onan Android app anddeveloped a betaversion so far. Pictures: http://cellphoneforums.net Ask TOF is an SMS- based Q&A service which the TOF editors provide since 2010. They get around 80 SMS per week.
We do Scrum withreview cyclesbecause mostchallenges arerelated to contentand usability, nottechnology. Pictures: Biovision
Biovisionʻs expertise with mobile and webtechnologies • Quality standards for the content • Experiences with different media and devices • Technology embedded in extension work Does Africa need trade rather than aid? Research on „Silicon Savannah“ • Preconditions: Skills, policies and infrastructure? • Business Process Outsourcing (BPO): What and how? • Results: Growth, employment, brain gain?
Kenyan expertisewith mobile tech-nologies (such asM-Pesa) is in linewith global pros-pects for internet Mobile Source: http://www.gartner.com/it/page.jsp?id=1278413usage. Desktop Graph: http://www.namics.com 2013
Pictures: http://tekedia.comMEDKenya werethe winners ofPivot25, a mobileapps developerconference held inJune 2011 inNairobi.
Picture: http://kimoquaintance.comA good place tostudy „SiliconSavannah“ isNairobiʻs iHubwhich was startedby the team behindUshahidi.
Konza TechnologyCity is a govern-ment project andproposed as a keydriver for KenyaʻsVision 2030. Pictures: http://www.konzacity.co.ke
ReferencesBidwell, Nicola J. (2009): „Anchoring Design in Rural Customs of Doing and Saying“, in: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 5726. 686-699.Grameen Foundation (2010): Community Knowledge Worker Pilot Report. Online: http://tinyurl.com/42y5qraGrosskurth, Jasper (2010): Futures of Technology in Africa. Online: http:// tinyurl.com/349jo26Hess, Christoph / Amudavi, David M. (2011): „Challenges and opportunities for Infonet-Biovision on mobile phones“, in: Conference Proceedings of the Workshop on Mobile and Web Technologies in Social and Economic Development, June 4-5 2011, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Online: http:// tinyurl.com/3zu2k2xIAASTD (2009): Agriculture at a Crossroads – International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development. Washington: Island Press.Julisha – Kenya ICT Board (2011): Market ICT Indicator Survey Launch. Online: http://tinyurl.com/3ﬂtdwqTalbot, David (2011): „Android Marches on East Africa“, in: MIT Technology Review. Online: http://tinyurl.com/3j5szmc