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The Presidency

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Slideshow prepared for a series of lectures on the U.S. Presidency for PS 101 American Government at the University of Kentucky, Spring 2008. Dr. Christopher S. Rice, Lecturer.

Slideshow prepared for a series of lectures on the U.S. Presidency for PS 101 American Government at the University of Kentucky, Spring 2008. Dr. Christopher S. Rice, Lecturer.


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  • 1. The Presidency Dr. Christopher S. Rice
  • 2. Setting precedents Early US presidents & their actions…
  • 3. What explains the expansion of presidential power?
  • 4. 4 Factors
  • 5. Expansion of Presidential Power
  • 6. Energy Expansion of Presidential Power
  • 7. Vague Energy Constitutional Provisions Expansion of Presidential Power
  • 8. Vague Energy Constitutional Provisions Expansion of Presidential Power Changing Public Expectations
  • 9. Vague Energy Constitutional Provisions Expansion of Presidential Power Changing Congressional Public Delegation of Expectations Power, Authority
  • 10. Roles and Powers of the President
  • 11. Chief of State
  • 12. The Power to Persuade
  • 13. The “Bully Pulpit”
  • 14. State of the Union Address
  • 15. Success! FAIL The Importance of Approval Ratings
  • 16. Commander-in-Chief
  • 17. Conveys significant authority over foreign affairs
  • 18. 1861 - U.S. Civil War - 1865 Action on Military Matters Congress President
  • 19. 1861 - U.S. Civil War - 1865 Action on Military Matters Congress President
  • 20. United States vs. Curtiss-Wright (1936)
  • 21. Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v Sawyer (1951)
  • 22. War Powers Resolution (1973)
  • 23. Manager of the Economy
  • 24. Employment Act of 1946
  • 25. The Budgetary Process (c) 2008 L.A. Times
  • 26. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
  • 27. Congressional Budget Office (CBO)
  • 28. Chief Diplomat
  • 29. Treaty Power Power to negotiate treaties, official agreements with other countries
  • 30. The Need for Senate Ratification
  • 31. Executive Agreement Legal contracts with foreign countries that require only a presidential signature
  • 32. Chief Executive
  • 33. Appointment Power
  • 34. Constitution allows presidents to “appoint Ambassadors, other public ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court… and all other Officers of the United States.”
  • 35. Advice & Consent
  • 36. Inherent Executive Power
  • 37. Executive Orders directives to government employees which carry the weight of law unless they contradict acts passed by Congress
  • 38. Executive Privilege right of the president to deny Congress the information it requests
  • 39. Chief Legislator
  • 40. Power to Recommend Constitution encourages presidents to recommend for Congressional “consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient.”
  • 41. I’m in ur Congress Ignorin’ ur President
  • 42. The “Honeymoon Period” (and the importance of approval ratings)
  • 43. Veto Power Most important FORMAL presidential power
  • 44. FAIL
  • 45. Vetoes are a NEGATIVE option, not a POSITIVE method
  • 46. Reagan and the Pocket Veto
  • 47. Signing Statements
  • 48. “I find these signing statements are to Bush and Cheney's presidency what steroids were to Arnold Schwarzenegger’s bodybuilding. Like Schwarzenegger with his steroids, Bush does not deny using his signing statements; does not like talking about using them; and believes that they add muscle. But like steroids, signing statements ultimately lead to serious trouble.” John Dean, former Nixon White House Counsel
  • 49. Signing Statements Statements appended to bills signed into law by the president which function as directives to executive branch departments and agencies as to how they are to implement the relevant law.
  • 50. Source: CBS News
  • 51. Hamdan v. Rumsfeld (2006)
  • 52. In recent years, signing statements have been used to effectively nullify legislation as it relates to the Executive Branch, rather than veto it.
  • 53. Source: New York Times
  • 54. Signing Statements MONROE to CARTER
  • 55. Signing Statements REAGAN to CLINTON
  • 56. President Bush’s Signing Statements Number of Signing YEAR Statements 2001 24 2002 34 2003 27 2004 24 2005 14 2006 23 2007 8 TOTAL 154
  • 57. How are President Bush’s signing statements different?
  • 58. Generally, President Bush's signing statements tend to be brief and very broad, & seldom cite the authority on which the president is relying for his reading of the law.
  • 59. Signing Statements EXAMPLES
  • 60. Signing Statements PROBLEMS
  • 61. Signing Statements
  • 62. Signing Statements • Problems
  • 63. Signing Statements • Problems – Violates legal reasoning behind judicial rejection of Line-Item Veto
  • 64. Signing Statements • Problems – Violates legal reasoning behind judicial rejection of Line-Item Veto – Violation of the Presentment Clause
  • 65. Signing Statements • Problems – Violates legal reasoning behind judicial rejection of Line-Item Veto – Violation of the Presentment Clause – Conflict with the Justice Department?
  • 66. The Vice-Presidency
  • 67. What does the Vice-President DO, anyway?
  • 68. “…the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived.” John Adams, the first Vice- President
  • 69. “…not worth a pitcher of warm piss.” John Nance Garner, the 32nd Vice- President
  • 70. “Once there were two brothers. One went away to sea; the other was elected Vice-President of the United States. And nothing was ever heard of either of them again.” Thomas R. Marshall, the 28th Vice- President
  • 71. What does the Vice-President DO, anyway?
  • 72. A Heartbeat Away...
  • 73. Constitution: Should the President die or become disabled while in office, quot;powers and dutiesquot; of the office transferred to the Vice President.
  • 74. 25th Amendment to the Rescue!
  • 75. And the First Runner-Up is... (cc) 2005 Flickr user feastoffools
  • 76. 12th Amendment (1804)
  • 77. 25th Amendment (1967)
  • 78. Okay, so I AM your Stepping Stone (cc) 2007 Flickr user .Gladius
  • 79. The Modern Vice-Presidency