The Presidency
 Dr. Christopher S. Rice
Setting precedents
Early US presidents & their actions…
What explains the
   expansion of
presidential power?
4
Factors
Expansion
     of
Presidential
   Power
Energy


         Expansion
              of
         Presidential
            Power
Vague
Energy                  Constitutional
                         Provisions

         Expansion
              of
    ...
Vague
  Energy                      Constitutional
                               Provisions

               Expansion
   ...
Vague
  Energy                       Constitutional
                                Provisions

               Expansion
 ...
Roles and Powers of
   the President
Chief of State
The
Power to
Persuade
The
“Bully Pulpit”
State of the Union Address
Success!




                         FAIL

The Importance of Approval Ratings
Commander-in-Chief
Conveys
 significant
  authority
over foreign
   affairs
1861 - U.S. Civil War - 1865
 Action on
  Military
  Matters




Congress                                    President
1861 - U.S. Civil War - 1865
                                          Action on
                                         ...
United States vs.
Curtiss-Wright (1936)
Youngstown Sheet &
 Tube Co. v Sawyer
       (1951)
War Powers Resolution
       (1973)
Manager of the Economy
Employment Act of 1946
The Budgetary Process




(c) 2008 L.A. Times
Office of Management and
     Budget (OMB)
Congressional Budget
    Office (CBO)
Chief Diplomat
Treaty Power
 Power to negotiate treaties,
official agreements with other
           countries
The Need for Senate Ratification
Executive Agreement
Legal contracts with foreign
countries that require only a
   presidential signature
Chief Executive
Appointment
  Power
Constitution allows presidents
to “appoint Ambassadors, other
public ministers and Consuls,
Judges of the supreme Court…
a...
Advice & Consent
Inherent
Executive
  Power
Executive Orders
     directives to government
employees which carry the weight
of law unless they contradict acts
       ...
Executive Privilege
right of the president to deny
 Congress the information it
           requests
Chief Legislator
Power to Recommend
Constitution encourages presidents to
    recommend for Congressional
 “consideration such Measures as ...
I’m in ur Congress




Ignorin’ ur President
The “Honeymoon Period”
(and the importance of approval ratings)
Veto Power
Most important FORMAL presidential power
FAIL
Vetoes are a NEGATIVE option,
    not a POSITIVE method
Reagan
and the
Pocket
 Veto
Signing Statements
“I find these signing statements are to Bush
and Cheney's presidency what steroids were
to Arnold Schwarzenegger’s bodybuil...
Signing Statements
Statements appended to bills signed
   into law by the president which
 function as directives to execu...
Source: CBS News
Hamdan v. Rumsfeld (2006)
In recent years, signing
  statements have been used
           to effectively nullify
legislation as it relates to the
  ...
Source: New York Times
Signing Statements
MONROE to CARTER
Signing Statements
REAGAN to CLINTON
President Bush’s
Signing Statements
          Number of Signing
  YEAR
            Statements
   2001          24
   2002 ...
How are President Bush’s
signing statements different?
Generally, President Bush's
signing statements tend to be
brief and very broad, &
seldom cite the authority on
which the p...
Signing Statements
    EXAMPLES
Signing Statements
   PROBLEMS
Signing Statements
Signing Statements
• Problems
Signing Statements
• Problems
 – Violates legal reasoning behind
   judicial rejection of Line-Item Veto
Signing Statements
• Problems
 – Violates legal reasoning behind
   judicial rejection of Line-Item Veto
 – Violation of t...
Signing Statements
• Problems
 – Violates legal reasoning behind
   judicial rejection of Line-Item Veto
 – Violation of t...
The Vice-Presidency
What does the Vice-President
       DO, anyway?
“…the most insignificant
office that ever the
invention of man contrived
or his imagination
conceived.”
John Adams, the first...
“…not worth a pitcher of
warm piss.”
John Nance Garner, the 32nd Vice-
President
“Once there were two
brothers. One went away to
sea; the other was elected
Vice-President of the United
States. And nothin...
What does the Vice-President
       DO, anyway?
A Heartbeat Away...
Constitution:
Should the President die or become
disabled while in office, quot;powers
and dutiesquot; of the office transfe...
25th Amendment
  to the Rescue!
And the
                                       First
                                     Runner-Up
                      ...
12th Amendment
    (1804)
25th Amendment
    (1967)
Okay, so I AM your
Stepping Stone       (cc) 2007 Flickr user .Gladius
The Modern Vice-Presidency
The Presidency
The Presidency
The Presidency
The Presidency
The Presidency
The Presidency
The Presidency
The Presidency
The Presidency
The Presidency
The Presidency
The Presidency
The Presidency
The Presidency
The Presidency
The Presidency
The Presidency
The Presidency
The Presidency
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

The Presidency

1,108

Published on

Slideshow prepared for a series of lectures on the U.S. Presidency for PS 101 American Government at the University of Kentucky, Spring 2008. Dr. Christopher S. Rice, Lecturer.

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,108
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Presidency

  1. 1. The Presidency Dr. Christopher S. Rice
  2. 2. Setting precedents Early US presidents & their actions…
  3. 3. What explains the expansion of presidential power?
  4. 4. 4 Factors
  5. 5. Expansion of Presidential Power
  6. 6. Energy Expansion of Presidential Power
  7. 7. Vague Energy Constitutional Provisions Expansion of Presidential Power
  8. 8. Vague Energy Constitutional Provisions Expansion of Presidential Power Changing Public Expectations
  9. 9. Vague Energy Constitutional Provisions Expansion of Presidential Power Changing Congressional Public Delegation of Expectations Power, Authority
  10. 10. Roles and Powers of the President
  11. 11. Chief of State
  12. 12. The Power to Persuade
  13. 13. The “Bully Pulpit”
  14. 14. State of the Union Address
  15. 15. Success! FAIL The Importance of Approval Ratings
  16. 16. Commander-in-Chief
  17. 17. Conveys significant authority over foreign affairs
  18. 18. 1861 - U.S. Civil War - 1865 Action on Military Matters Congress President
  19. 19. 1861 - U.S. Civil War - 1865 Action on Military Matters Congress President
  20. 20. United States vs. Curtiss-Wright (1936)
  21. 21. Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v Sawyer (1951)
  22. 22. War Powers Resolution (1973)
  23. 23. Manager of the Economy
  24. 24. Employment Act of 1946
  25. 25. The Budgetary Process (c) 2008 L.A. Times
  26. 26. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
  27. 27. Congressional Budget Office (CBO)
  28. 28. Chief Diplomat
  29. 29. Treaty Power Power to negotiate treaties, official agreements with other countries
  30. 30. The Need for Senate Ratification
  31. 31. Executive Agreement Legal contracts with foreign countries that require only a presidential signature
  32. 32. Chief Executive
  33. 33. Appointment Power
  34. 34. Constitution allows presidents to “appoint Ambassadors, other public ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court… and all other Officers of the United States.”
  35. 35. Advice & Consent
  36. 36. Inherent Executive Power
  37. 37. Executive Orders directives to government employees which carry the weight of law unless they contradict acts passed by Congress
  38. 38. Executive Privilege right of the president to deny Congress the information it requests
  39. 39. Chief Legislator
  40. 40. Power to Recommend Constitution encourages presidents to recommend for Congressional “consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient.”
  41. 41. I’m in ur Congress Ignorin’ ur President
  42. 42. The “Honeymoon Period” (and the importance of approval ratings)
  43. 43. Veto Power Most important FORMAL presidential power
  44. 44. FAIL
  45. 45. Vetoes are a NEGATIVE option, not a POSITIVE method
  46. 46. Reagan and the Pocket Veto
  47. 47. Signing Statements
  48. 48. “I find these signing statements are to Bush and Cheney's presidency what steroids were to Arnold Schwarzenegger’s bodybuilding. Like Schwarzenegger with his steroids, Bush does not deny using his signing statements; does not like talking about using them; and believes that they add muscle. But like steroids, signing statements ultimately lead to serious trouble.” John Dean, former Nixon White House Counsel
  49. 49. Signing Statements Statements appended to bills signed into law by the president which function as directives to executive branch departments and agencies as to how they are to implement the relevant law.
  50. 50. Source: CBS News
  51. 51. Hamdan v. Rumsfeld (2006)
  52. 52. In recent years, signing statements have been used to effectively nullify legislation as it relates to the Executive Branch, rather than veto it.
  53. 53. Source: New York Times
  54. 54. Signing Statements MONROE to CARTER
  55. 55. Signing Statements REAGAN to CLINTON
  56. 56. President Bush’s Signing Statements Number of Signing YEAR Statements 2001 24 2002 34 2003 27 2004 24 2005 14 2006 23 2007 8 TOTAL 154
  57. 57. How are President Bush’s signing statements different?
  58. 58. Generally, President Bush's signing statements tend to be brief and very broad, & seldom cite the authority on which the president is relying for his reading of the law.
  59. 59. Signing Statements EXAMPLES
  60. 60. Signing Statements PROBLEMS
  61. 61. Signing Statements
  62. 62. Signing Statements • Problems
  63. 63. Signing Statements • Problems – Violates legal reasoning behind judicial rejection of Line-Item Veto
  64. 64. Signing Statements • Problems – Violates legal reasoning behind judicial rejection of Line-Item Veto – Violation of the Presentment Clause
  65. 65. Signing Statements • Problems – Violates legal reasoning behind judicial rejection of Line-Item Veto – Violation of the Presentment Clause – Conflict with the Justice Department?
  66. 66. The Vice-Presidency
  67. 67. What does the Vice-President DO, anyway?
  68. 68. “…the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived.” John Adams, the first Vice- President
  69. 69. “…not worth a pitcher of warm piss.” John Nance Garner, the 32nd Vice- President
  70. 70. “Once there were two brothers. One went away to sea; the other was elected Vice-President of the United States. And nothing was ever heard of either of them again.” Thomas R. Marshall, the 28th Vice- President
  71. 71. What does the Vice-President DO, anyway?
  72. 72. A Heartbeat Away...
  73. 73. Constitution: Should the President die or become disabled while in office, quot;powers and dutiesquot; of the office transferred to the Vice President.
  74. 74. 25th Amendment to the Rescue!
  75. 75. And the First Runner-Up is... (cc) 2005 Flickr user feastoffools
  76. 76. 12th Amendment (1804)
  77. 77. 25th Amendment (1967)
  78. 78. Okay, so I AM your Stepping Stone (cc) 2007 Flickr user .Gladius
  79. 79. The Modern Vice-Presidency

×