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Ps 240 Fundamentalism Fall 2008
 

Ps 240 Fundamentalism Fall 2008

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    Ps 240 Fundamentalism Fall 2008 Ps 240 Fundamentalism Fall 2008 Presentation Transcript

    • Fundamentalism Dr. Christopher S. Rice
    • Contemporary Jewish Fundamentalism
    • Six-Day War (1967)
    • Kookists
    • Gush Emunin
    • What do they believe? • Government enforcement of strict observance of traditional religious beliefs – Halakah • Enlargement of Jewish settlements in Gaza and West Bank
    • What do they believe? • Government enforcement of strict observance of traditional religious beliefs – Halakah • Enlargement of Jewish settlements in Gaza and West Bank
    • Contemporary Islamic Fundamentalism
    • A response to three factors: • Decolonialization of the Middle East following (and during) World War II. • The creation of Israel in 1948. • The continuing influence of Western ideas and practices on Islamic countries.
    • Arab Pan-Nationalism
    • IRAN
    • Opposition to Shah fueled by: • Fundamentalist criticism of the Shah himself • The Westernization of Iran • The brutality of the Shah’s police and security forces • Growing and persistent economic inequalities in Iran.
    • Contemporary Christian Fundamentalism
    • The “Great Awakening”
    • The New Israel
    • Contemporary Christian Fundamentalists
    • Roe v. Wade
    • Opposition to contemporary liberalism, secular humanism
    • Philosophy of Fundamentalism
    • Fundamentalism Strict adherence to ancient or fundamental doctrines, with no concessions to modern developments in thought or customs.
    • Science explains the what, not the why…
    • “If God be for us, who can be against us?”
    • Sacred Texts
    • Inerrancy vs. Science
    • Human Nature
    • Social Creatures
    • Women ≠ Men
    • Maintenance of “Traditional Families”
    • Secular Humanism
    • Secular Humanism Public/Private Split, Banishment of Religion from Public Sphere
    • Secular Humanism Science Public/Private Split, Banishment of Religion from Public Sphere
    • Secular Humanism Science Individualism Public/Private Split, Banishment of Religion from Public Sphere
    • Secular Humanism Science Relativism & Multiculturalism Individualism Public/Private Split, Banishment of Religion from Public Sphere
    • Relativism the viewpoint that all beliefs and practices are simply matters of taste, including those beliefs of the fundamentalists. No belief or practice may be viewed as objectively correct.
    • GOALS
    • Ideological?
    • Superpatriotism the tendency to place nationalistic pride and supremacy above every other public consideration, the readiness to follow our leaders uncritically in their dealings with other nations, especially confrontations involving the use of military force and violence.
    • “We are not deceived by their pretenses to piety. We have seen their kind before. They are the heirs of all the murderous ideologies of the 20th century. By sacrificing human life to serve their radical visions – by abandoning every value except the will to power – they follow in the path of fascism, and Nazism, and totalitarianism.” President George W. Bush, “Address to a Joint Session of Congress and the American People”
    • Community of Believers
    • Totalitarianism the complete control of society – government, social, economic, cultural institutions – in order to fulfill an ideological vision of how society should be organized and how life should be lived.
    • Authority
    • Jewish & Christian Fundamentalists vs. Muslim Fundamentalists
    • Fundamentalism and Authority • Believe that government power should be exercised to promote a community of believers and the moral conduct their faith requires of them. • Government should not prohibit the expression of religious beliefs, but facilitate the free display of the dominant religious orientation. • Public education – instead of teaching secular humanism, cultural pluralism and relativism – should teach the superiority of the cultures, religion of the fundamentalists. • Instead of a complete freedom of speech, governments should regulate non-political speech which denigrates sacred values and accepted morality. • Accept individual freedoms, but want government, religious authority to promote the moral values, actions emphasized in their particular religious beliefs.