PS 240 Fascism Spring 2014 (part 1)


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PS 240 Fascism Spring 2014 (part 1)

  1. 1. Fascism Dr. Christopher S. Rice
  2. 2. Totalitarian + Reactionary
  3. 3. Totalitarianism the complete control of society – government, social, economic, cultural institutions – in order to fulfill an ideological vision of how society should be organized and how life should be lived.
  4. 4. Gleichschaltung
  5. 5. Reactionary
  6. 6. Fascism is “a synthesis and a unit inclusive of all values…from beneath the ruins of liberal, socialist, and democratic doctrines, Fascism extracts those elements which are still vital… supercede[s] socialism and supercede[s] liberalism…creates a new synthesis… Man is integral, he is political, he is economic, he is religious, he is saint, he is warrior.” - Benito Mussolini
  7. 7. A Syncretic Ideology
  8. 8. Concerns on the Right
  9. 9. Concerns on the Left
  10. 10. Corporatism
  11. 11. Defining Fascism
  12. 12. nationalism + conservatism = Fascism
  13. 13. nationalism + socialism = Fascism
  14. 14. Fascism an ideology which strives to forge social rebirth based on a holistic- national radical Third Way, though in practice it has tended to stress style, especially action and the charismatic leader, more than detailed program, and a demonization of its enemies.
  15. 15. Goin’ Fishin…
  16. 16. Nationalism
  17. 17. Volkish movement
  18. 18. Anti-Enlightenment/anti-positivism
  19. 19. Psychology Philosophy Sociology
  20. 20. Superpatriotism the tendency to place nationalistic pride and supremacy above every other public consideration, the readiness to follow our leaders uncritically in their dealings with other nations, especially confrontations involving the use of military force and violence.
  21. 21. FEAR!
  22. 22. “The people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is easy. All you have to do is tell them they are being attacked and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same way in any country.” - Hermann Goering
  23. 23. “In order to bring a nation to support the burdens of maintaining great military establishments, it is necessary to create an emotional state akin to war psychology. There must be the portrayal of external menace.” - John Foster Dulles
  24. 24. The Cold War The Long War