PS 101 The Presidency Fall 2013

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PS 101 The Presidency Fall 2013

  1. 1. The Presidency Dr. Christopher S. Rice
  2. 2. Setting precedents Early US presidents & their actions…
  3. 3. What explains the expansion of presidential power?
  4. 4. 4 Factors
  5. 5. Expansion of Presidential Power
  6. 6. Energy Expansion of Presidential Power
  7. 7. Vague Constitutional Provisions Energy Expansion of Presidential Power
  8. 8. Vague Constitutional Provisions Energy Expansion of Presidential Power Changing Public Expectations
  9. 9. Vague Constitutional Provisions Energy Expansion of Presidential Power Changing Public Expectations Congressional Delegation of Power, Authority
  10. 10. Roles and Powers of the President
  11. 11. Chief of State
  12. 12. The Power to Persuade
  13. 13. The “Bully Pulpit”
  14. 14. State of the Union Address
  15. 15. Success! FAIL The Importance of Approval Ratings
  16. 16. Chief Diplomat
  17. 17. Treaty Power Power to negotiate treaties, official agreements with other countries
  18. 18. The Need for Senate Ratification
  19. 19. Executive Agreement Legal contracts with foreign countries that require only a presidential signature
  20. 20. Manager of the Economy
  21. 21. Employment Act of 1946
  22. 22. The Budgetary Process (c) 2008 L.A. Times
  23. 23. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
  24. 24. Congressional Budget Office (CBO)
  25. 25. Commander-in-Chief
  26. 26. Conveys significant authority over foreign affairs
  27. 27. Congress 1861 - U.S. Civil War - 1865 Action on Military Matters President
  28. 28. 1861 - U.S. Civil War - 1865 Congress Action on Military Matters President
  29. 29. United States vs. Curtiss-Wright (1936)
  30. 30. Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v Sawyer (1951)
  31. 31. War Powers Resolution (1973)
  32. 32. Chief Executive
  33. 33. Appointment Power
  34. 34. Constitution allows presidents to “appoint Ambassadors, other public ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court… and all other Officers of the United States.”
  35. 35. Advice & Consent
  36. 36. Inherent Executive Power
  37. 37. Executive Orders directives to government employees which carry the weight of law unless they contradict acts passed by Congress
  38. 38. Executive Privilege right of the president to deny Congress the information it requests
  39. 39. Chief Legislator
  40. 40. Power to Recommend Constitution encourages presidents to recommend for Congressional “consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient.”
  41. 41. I’m in ur Congress Ignorin’ ur President
  42. 42. The “Honeymoon Period” (and the importance of approval ratings)
  43. 43. Presidential Action • There are FOUR (4) possible actions the president may take: – – – – Sign the bill and it becomes law. Veto the bill and return it to Congress. Take no action and the bill will become law after ten (10) days. Pocket Veto – Take no action and if Congress adjourns within ten (10) days, the bill dies without his signature.
  44. 44. Presidential Action • There are FOUR (4) possible actions the president may take: – – – – Sign the bill and it becomes law. Veto the bill and return it to Congress. Take no action and the bill will become law after ten (10) days. Pocket Veto – Take no action and if Congress adjourns within ten (10) days, the bill dies without his signature.
  45. 45. Presidential Action • There are FOUR (4) possible actions the president may take: – – – – Sign the bill and it becomes law. Veto the bill and return it to Congress. Take no action and the bill will become law after ten (10) days. Pocket Veto – Take no action and if Congress adjourns within ten (10) days, the bill dies without his signature.
  46. 46. Veto Power Most important FORMAL presidential power
  47. 47. Vetoes are a NEGATIVE option, not a POSITIVE method
  48. 48. Presidential Action • There are FOUR (4) possible actions the president may take: – – – – Sign the bill and it becomes law. Veto the bill and return it to Congress. Take no action and the bill will become law after ten (10) days. Pocket Veto – Take no action and if Congress adjourns within ten (10) days, the bill dies without his signature.
  49. 49. Presidential Action • There are FOUR (4) possible actions the president may take: – – – – Sign the bill and it becomes law. Veto the bill and return it to Congress. Take no action and the bill will become law after ten (10) days. Pocket Veto – Take no action and if Congress adjourns within ten (10) days, the bill dies without his signature.
  50. 50. Reagan and the Pocket Veto
  51. 51. The Vice-Presidency
  52. 52. What does the Vice-President DO, anyway?
  53. 53. “…the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived.” John Adams, the first VicePresident
  54. 54. “…not worth a pitcher of warm piss.” John Nance Garner, the 32nd VicePresident
  55. 55. “Once there were two brothers. One went away to sea; the other was elected Vice-President of the United States. And nothing was ever heard of either of them again.” Thomas R. Marshall, the 28th VicePresident
  56. 56. What does the Vice-President DO, anyway?
  57. 57. A Heartbeat Away...
  58. 58. Constitution: Should the President die or become disabled while in office, "powers and duties" of the office transferred to the Vice President.
  59. 59. 25th Amendment to the Rescue!
  60. 60. And the First Runner-Up is... (cc) 2005 Flickr user feastoffools
  61. 61. 12th Amendment (1804)
  62. 62. 25th Amendment (1967)
  63. 63. Okay, so I AM your Stepping Stone (cc) 2007 Flickr user .Gladius
  64. 64. The Modern Vice-Presidency

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