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PS 101 The Presidency Fall 2009
 

PS 101 The Presidency Fall 2009

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    PS 101 The Presidency Fall 2009 PS 101 The Presidency Fall 2009 Presentation Transcript

    • The Presidency Dr. Christopher S. Rice
    • Setting precedents Early US presidents & their actions…
    • What explains the expansion of presidential power?
    • 4 Factors
    • Vague Energy Constitutional Provisions Expansion of Presidential Power Changing Congressional Public Delegation of Expectations Power, Authority
    • Roles and Powers of the President
    • Chief of State
    • The Power to Persuade
    • The “Bully Pulpit”
    • State of the Union Address
    • Success! FAIL The Importance of Approval Ratings
    • Chief Diplomat
    • Treaty Power Power to negotiate treaties, official agreements with other countries
    • The Need for Senate Ratification
    • Executive Agreement Legal contracts with foreign countries that require only a presidential signature
    • Manager of the Economy
    • Employment Act of 1946
    • The Budgetary Process (c) 2008 L.A. Times
    • Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
    • Congressional Budget Office (CBO)
    • Commander-in-Chief
    • Conveys significant authority over foreign affairs
    • 1861 - U.S. Civil War - 1865 Action on Military Matters Congress President
    • United States vs. Curtiss-Wright (1936)
    • Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v Sawyer (1951)
    • War Powers Resolution (1973)
    • Chief Executive
    • Appointment Power
    • Constitution allows presidents to “appoint Ambassadors, other public ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court… and all other Officers of the United States.”
    • Advice & Consent
    • Inherent Executive Power
    • Executive Orders directives to government employees which carry the weight of law unless they contradict acts passed by Congress
    • Executive Privilege right of the president to deny Congress the information it requests
    • Chief Legislator
    • Power to Recommend Constitution encourages presidents to recommend for Congressional “consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient.”
    • Iʼm in ur Congress Ignorinʼ ur President
    • The “Honeymoon Period” (and the importance of approval ratings)
    • Presidential Action • There are FOUR (4) possible actions the president may take: – Sign the bill and it becomes law. – Veto the bill and return it to Congress. – Take no action and the bill will become law after ten (10) days. – Pocket Veto – Take no action and if Congress adjourns within ten (10) days, the bill dies without his signature.
    • Presidential Action • There are FOUR (4) possible actions the president may take: – Sign the bill and it becomes law. – Veto the bill and return it to Congress. – Take no action and the bill will become law after ten (10) days. – Pocket Veto – Take no action and if Congress adjourns within ten (10) days, the bill dies without his signature.
    • Presidential Action • There are FOUR (4) possible actions the president may take: – Sign the bill and it becomes law. – Veto the bill and return it to Congress. – Take no action and the bill will become law after ten (10) days. – Pocket Veto – Take no action and if Congress adjourns within ten (10) days, the bill dies without his signature.
    • Veto Power Most important FORMAL presidential power
    • FAIL
    • Vetoes are a NEGATIVE option, not a POSITIVE method
    • Presidential Action • There are FOUR (4) possible actions the president may take: – Sign the bill and it becomes law. – Veto the bill and return it to Congress. – Take no action and the bill will become law after ten (10) days. – Pocket Veto – Take no action and if Congress adjourns within ten (10) days, the bill dies without his signature.
    • Presidential Action • There are FOUR (4) possible actions the president may take: – Sign the bill and it becomes law. – Veto the bill and return it to Congress. – Take no action and the bill will become law after ten (10) days. – Pocket Veto – Take no action and if Congress adjourns within ten (10) days, the bill dies without his signature.
    • Reagan and the Pocket Veto
    • The Vice-Presidency
    • What does the Vice-President DO, anyway?
    • “…the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived.” John Adams, the first Vice- President
    • “…not worth a pitcher of warm piss.” John Nance Garner, the 32nd Vice- President
    • “Once there were two brothers. One went away to sea; the other was elected Vice-President of the United States. And nothing was ever heard of either of them again.” Thomas R. Marshall, the 28th Vice- President
    • What does the Vice-President DO, anyway?
    • A Heartbeat Away...
    • Constitution: Should the President die or become disabled while in office, "powers and duties" of the office transferred to the Vice President.
    • 25th Amendment to the Rescue!
    • And the First Runner-Up is... (cc) 2005 Flickr user feastoffools
    • 12th Amendment (1804)
    • 25th Amendment (1967)
    • Okay, so I AM your Stepping Stone (cc) 2007 Flickr user .Gladius