A court’s authority to hear cases of
a particular type.
US Federal Courts may hear cases involving:
Cases involving the Disputes between a state
Constitution, federal statutes and citizens of another
and treaties. state.
Ambassadors, other public Disputes between citizens
ministers and consuls. of different states.
Admiralty and maritime Disputes between states
issues. (or their citizens) and
Controversies to which the foreign states (or their
US government is a party. citizens).
Disputes between two or
the authority to hear cases on
appeal from lower courts.
Appellate Courts vs. Trial Courts
• Appellate courts do not hear new cases,
just cases on appeal from federal trial
• Appeals are based on legal issues rather
than questions of factual material.
• Do not accept new evidence or hear
• Restrict their review to points of law