The Federal Judiciary




    Dr. Christopher S. Rice
Judiciary Act of 1789
Trial Courts or U.S. District Courts (94)
Appellate Courts or
       U.S. Courts of Appeals (13)



Trial Courts or U.S. District Courts (94)
U.S. Supreme Court (1)


           Appellate Courts or
       U.S. Courts of Appeals (13)



Trial Courts or U.S. Distric...
Supreme Court
 of the United States
Congress and the Supreme Court
Precedent
A judicial decision that serves as a
rule for settling subsequent cases
        of a similar nature.
Stare Decisis
 Doctrine of closely following
precedent as the basis for legal
          reasoning.
“I’m going to take this
   all the way to the
   Supreme Court!”
Writ of Certiorari
  Order from the Court to lower
courts demanding that they send
 up a complete record of a case.
The “Rule of Four”
Oral Arguments
Amicus Curiae briefs
 “Friend of the Court”
Written Opinions
Majority Opinion
 (aka the “opinion of the court”)
Statement of the legal reasoning
that supports the decision of the
    ...
Concurring Opinion
Opinion of a justice or justices
   who support the majority
decision but have different legal
      re...
Dissenting Opinion
The reasoning of the minority,
  explaining their dissent.
Remanding to a
  lower court
Remanding to a
  lower court
The Problem of
Lifetime Appointments
Fixing the Problem of Lifetime Appointments


                       Not-So-Early
        Fixed Terms
                    ...
Fixing the Problem of Lifetime Appointments


                       Not-So-Early
        Fixed Terms
                    ...
Fixing the Problem of Lifetime Appointments


                       Not-So-Early
        Fixed Terms
                    ...
Fixing the Problem of Lifetime Appointments


                       Not-So-Early
        Fixed Terms
                    ...
Fixing the Problem of Lifetime Appointments


                       Not-So-Early
        Fixed Terms
                    ...
Fixing the Problem of Lifetime Appointments


                       Not-So-Early
        Fixed Terms
                    ...
Judicial Review
 the power of the Court to rule on
   the constitutionality of state,
federal laws and executive actions.
Marbury v. Madison
      (1803)
PS 101 The Federal Judiciary
PS 101 The Federal Judiciary
PS 101 The Federal Judiciary
PS 101 The Federal Judiciary
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PS 101 The Federal Judiciary

  1. 1. The Federal Judiciary Dr. Christopher S. Rice
  2. 2. Judiciary Act of 1789
  3. 3. Trial Courts or U.S. District Courts (94)
  4. 4. Appellate Courts or U.S. Courts of Appeals (13) Trial Courts or U.S. District Courts (94)
  5. 5. U.S. Supreme Court (1) Appellate Courts or U.S. Courts of Appeals (13) Trial Courts or U.S. District Courts (94)
  6. 6. Supreme Court of the United States
  7. 7. Congress and the Supreme Court
  8. 8. Precedent A judicial decision that serves as a rule for settling subsequent cases of a similar nature.
  9. 9. Stare Decisis Doctrine of closely following precedent as the basis for legal reasoning.
  10. 10. “I’m going to take this all the way to the Supreme Court!”
  11. 11. Writ of Certiorari Order from the Court to lower courts demanding that they send up a complete record of a case.
  12. 12. The “Rule of Four”
  13. 13. Oral Arguments
  14. 14. Amicus Curiae briefs “Friend of the Court”
  15. 15. Written Opinions
  16. 16. Majority Opinion (aka the “opinion of the court”) Statement of the legal reasoning that supports the decision of the majority of the court.
  17. 17. Concurring Opinion Opinion of a justice or justices who support the majority decision but have different legal reasons for doing so.
  18. 18. Dissenting Opinion The reasoning of the minority, explaining their dissent.
  19. 19. Remanding to a lower court
  20. 20. Remanding to a lower court
  21. 21. The Problem of Lifetime Appointments
  22. 22. Fixing the Problem of Lifetime Appointments Not-So-Early Fixed Terms Retirement A Balanced Power of the Bench Purse
  23. 23. Fixing the Problem of Lifetime Appointments Not-So-Early Fixed Terms Retirement A Balanced Power of the Bench Purse
  24. 24. Fixing the Problem of Lifetime Appointments Not-So-Early Fixed Terms Retirement A Balanced Power of the Bench Purse
  25. 25. Fixing the Problem of Lifetime Appointments Not-So-Early Fixed Terms Retirement A Balanced Power of the Bench Purse
  26. 26. Fixing the Problem of Lifetime Appointments Not-So-Early Fixed Terms Retirement A Balanced Power of the Bench Purse
  27. 27. Fixing the Problem of Lifetime Appointments Not-So-Early Fixed Terms Retirement A Balanced Power of the Bench Purse
  28. 28. Judicial Review the power of the Court to rule on the constitutionality of state, federal laws and executive actions.
  29. 29. Marbury v. Madison (1803)

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