The Bureaucracy
Dr. Christopher S. Rice
Bureaucracy
A large organization in which
people with specialized knowledge
are organized into a clearly
defined hierarchy...
Bureaucracy

Public agencies that translate
the intent of democratic
institutions into action.
Advantages?
4
Disadvantages?
Efficiency
vs.

Responsiveness
The Merit System
The Merit System
• Spoils System dominated the 19th
and (most of the) 20th century
bureaucracy.
The Merit System
• Spoils System dominated the 19th
and (most of the) 20th century
bureaucracy.
– “It’s not what you know,...
The Merit System
• Spoils System dominated the 19th
and (most of the) 20th century
bureaucracy.
– “It’s not what you know,...
So what do bureaucrats do,
exactly?
• Execution of laws
• Rule-Making (Regulation)
– Rulemaking – the process of deciding
...
So what do bureaucrats do,
exactly?
• Execution of laws
• Rule-Making (Regulation)
– Rulemaking – the process of deciding
...
So what do bureaucrats do,
exactly?
• Execution of laws
• Rule-Making (Regulation)
– Rulemaking – the process of deciding
...
So what do bureaucrats do,
exactly?
• Rule-Making (cont’d.)
– Federal Administrative Procedures Act
– Certain minimum stan...
So what do bureaucrats do,
exactly?
• Rule-Making (cont’d.)
– Federal Administrative Procedures Act
– Certain minimum stan...
So what do bureaucrats do,
exactly?
• Rule-Making (cont’d.)
– Federal Administrative Procedures Act
– Certain minimum stan...
So what do bureaucrats do,
exactly?
• Adjudication – process designed to
establish whether a rule has been
violated.
– In ...
So what do bureaucrats do,
exactly?
• Adjudication – process designed to
establish whether a rule has been
violated.
– In ...
So what do bureaucrats do,
exactly?
• Adjudication – process designed to
establish whether a rule has been
violated.
– In ...
So what do bureaucrats do,
exactly?
• Adjudication – process designed to
establish whether a rule has been
violated.
– In ...
Structure of the
Executive Branch
Executive Office of the
President (EOP)
Cabinet Departments
Bureaus and Agencies
Government
Corporations
Independent Executive
Agencies
Independent Regulatory
Commissions
PS 101 The Bureaucracy Fall 2013
PS 101 The Bureaucracy Fall 2013
PS 101 The Bureaucracy Fall 2013
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

PS 101 The Bureaucracy Fall 2013

638

Published on

Published in: Career, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
638
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "PS 101 The Bureaucracy Fall 2013"

  1. 1. The Bureaucracy Dr. Christopher S. Rice
  2. 2. Bureaucracy A large organization in which people with specialized knowledge are organized into a clearly defined hierarchy of bureaus and offices, each of which has a specified mission.
  3. 3. Bureaucracy Public agencies that translate the intent of democratic institutions into action.
  4. 4. Advantages?
  5. 5. 4
  6. 6. Disadvantages?
  7. 7. Efficiency vs. Responsiveness
  8. 8. The Merit System
  9. 9. The Merit System • Spoils System dominated the 19th and (most of the) 20th century bureaucracy.
  10. 10. The Merit System • Spoils System dominated the 19th and (most of the) 20th century bureaucracy. – “It’s not what you know, but who you know…”
  11. 11. The Merit System • Spoils System dominated the 19th and (most of the) 20th century bureaucracy. – “It’s not what you know, but who you know…” • Merit System: people hired & promoted on basis of qualifications & job performance, not political connections.
  12. 12. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Execution of laws • Rule-Making (Regulation) – Rulemaking – the process of deciding exactly what the laws passed by Congress mean. – Rule – statement by a federal agency that interprets a law and prescribes the specific action an agency will take to implement that law.
  13. 13. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Execution of laws • Rule-Making (Regulation) – Rulemaking – the process of deciding exactly what the laws passed by Congress mean. – Rule – statement by a federal agency that interprets a law and prescribes the specific action an agency will take to implement that law.
  14. 14. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Execution of laws • Rule-Making (Regulation) – Rulemaking – the process of deciding exactly what the laws passed by Congress mean. – Rule – statement by a federal agency that interprets a law and prescribes the specific action an agency will take to implement that law.
  15. 15. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Rule-Making (cont’d.) – Federal Administrative Procedures Act – Certain minimum standards must be met when making rules. – Interest group participation
  16. 16. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Rule-Making (cont’d.) – Federal Administrative Procedures Act – Certain minimum standards must be met when making rules. – Interest group participation
  17. 17. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Rule-Making (cont’d.) – Federal Administrative Procedures Act – Certain minimum standards must be met when making rules. – Interest group participation
  18. 18. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Adjudication – process designed to establish whether a rule has been violated. – In making rules, bureaucracies act like legislatures; in judging them they act like courts. – National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) – Potential problems with bureaucrats as policymakers…
  19. 19. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Adjudication – process designed to establish whether a rule has been violated. – In making rules, bureaucracies act like legislatures; in judging them they act like courts. – National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) – Potential problems with bureaucrats as policymakers…
  20. 20. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Adjudication – process designed to establish whether a rule has been violated. – In making rules, bureaucracies act like legislatures; in judging them they act like courts. – National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) – Potential problems with bureaucrats as policymakers…
  21. 21. So what do bureaucrats do, exactly? • Adjudication – process designed to establish whether a rule has been violated. – In making rules, bureaucracies act like legislatures; in judging them they act like courts. – National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) – Potential problems with bureaucrats as policymakers…
  22. 22. Structure of the Executive Branch
  23. 23. Executive Office of the President (EOP)
  24. 24. Cabinet Departments
  25. 25. Bureaus and Agencies
  26. 26. Government Corporations
  27. 27. Independent Executive Agencies
  28. 28. Independent Regulatory Commissions

×