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Political Development & Civil Society
 

Political Development & Civil Society

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Presentation developed for a series of lectures on Political Development and Civil Society in the Third World for PS 212 Culture and Politics in the Third World at the University of Kentucky, Summer ...

Presentation developed for a series of lectures on Political Development and Civil Society in the Third World for PS 212 Culture and Politics in the Third World at the University of Kentucky, Summer 2007. Dr. Christopher S. Rice, Instructor.

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    Political Development & Civil Society Political Development & Civil Society Presentation Transcript

    • Political Development Dr. Christopher S. Rice
    • Political Development + Modernization Theory
    • Parson’s “Pattern Variables”
      • Affective vs. affective-neutral relationship
      • Particularistic vs. Universal relationship
      • Collective orientation vs. self-orientation
      • Ascription vs. Achievement
      • Functionally diffused vs. functionally specific relationships
    • Democratization The progressive extension of the citizenship principle to encompass a wider range of eligible participants and a wider scope of domains in which collective choice among equals or their representatives can make binding decisions on all.
    • Elements of Democratization
      • Institutionalization of the Rule of Law.
      • Creation of a Vibrant Civil Society.
      • Institutionalization of procedures which protect minority rights.
      • Fostering a sense of moderation and tolerance among competing political forces.
      • Development of an economically and politically independent broadcast media.
      • Effective citizen control over police and military.
    • Retrenchment, “Illiberal Democracy” & Corporatism
    • Necessary Ingredients for (Liberal) Democracy
      • Per Capita income in the “middle range”
      • Experience with “pluralism” – multiparty politics and other democratic practices.
      • Belonging to a region which looks to the Western industrialized countries for social and political models or seeks integration with the West.
      • When regimes are genuinely committed to reform, democracy-related assistance” also tends to help the process.
    • Freedom House Surveys
    • Political Rights free to form parties which represent a range of voter choice, leaders may be allowed to compete for, and be elected to, positions of power in government.
    • Civil Liberties protection of religious, ethnic, linguistic, economic rights, as well as gender and family rights, personal freedoms, freedom of press, belief and association.
    • PROBLEMS
    • The “Syncratic Alliance” (A.F.K. Organski-1965)
    • How to weaken the Syncratic Alliance:
      • Civil wars & ethnic conflict
      • Marxist revolutions
      • Exceptional Leaders
      • Democratization
    • Alternative approaches to Political Development
    • Political Development An interactive, public decision-making and learning process, within and between government and civil society, based on power creation and dispersion. This process leads to increasing individual and group autonomy from below and more responsiveness from above.
    • 5
    • #1: A definition of political development should not equate the process with the goal.
    • #2: A definition of political development should be based on an expanded understanding of political systems that encompasses civil society.
    • #3: The concept of political development should be based on an open acknowledgement of the value of institutional autonomy and its relationship to democratic values, broadly defined.
    • #4: A definition of political development should be based on both the centrality of power and the interaction of the state and civil society.
    • #5: An understanding of political development needs to describe the content and not just the structure of the interaction between state and society. Need to create a dialog around problem-solving.
    • Civil Society and the NGO Movement
    •  
    • GROs and GRO Networks
    • GRSOs and GRSO Networks
    • NGOs and Civil Society
    • Government Responses to Growth of NGOs
      • Repression/Harassment
      • Ignoring NGOs
      • Co-optation
      • The Golden Goose Approach – Taking Advantage
      • State & NGO cooperation in an Autonomous Partnership
    • Three Strategies of NGOs Toward Government
      • NGO can completely isolate themselves from the state
      • Engage the state in confrontational or non-confrontational advocacy
      • Cooperate with the state on parallel or collaborative projects
    • Three Strategies of NGOs Toward Government
      • NGO can completely isolate themselves from the state
      • Engage the state in confrontational or non-confrontational advocacy
      • Cooperate with the state on parallel or collaborative projects
    • Common Advocacy Methods
      • Friendly Persuasion
      • Acupuncture
      • Legal Efforts
      • Lobbying
      • Electoral Politics
      • Advocacy Networks
      • Mass Advocacy
    • Three Strategies of NGOs Toward Government
      • NGO can completely isolate themselves from the state
      • Engage the state in confrontational or non-confrontational advocacy
      • Cooperate with the state on parallel or collaborative projects
    • Models of Cooperation Field Cooperation Parallel Cooperation