• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Marxism (Part II)
 

Marxism (Part II)

on

  • 3,668 views

Presentation prepared for lectures on Marxism for PS 240 Introduction to Political Theory at the University of Kentucky, Spring 2007. Dr. Christopher S. Rice, Instructor.

Presentation prepared for lectures on Marxism for PS 240 Introduction to Political Theory at the University of Kentucky, Spring 2007. Dr. Christopher S. Rice, Instructor.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
3,668
Views on SlideShare
3,526
Embed Views
142

Actions

Likes
3
Downloads
0
Comments
0

2 Embeds 142

https://jujo00obo2o234ungd3t8qjfcjrs3o6k-a-sites-opensocial.googleusercontent.com 131
http://www.slideshare.net 11

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Marxism (Part II) Marxism (Part II) Presentation Transcript

    • Marxism (Part Two) Dr. Christopher S. Rice
    • Why capitalism is DOOOOOOOMED!
    • Capitalism contains within itself the seeds of its own destruction
    • Capitalism has created its own “grave-diggers” by creating a class with interests diametrically opposed to its own, brought them together & taught them how to cooperate
    • Thus, they become a unified class, which has common interests and a common enemy, the bourgeoisie
    • The proletariat then comes to realize that it is a class with nothing to lose but everything to gain by revolting against and overthrowing the bourgeoisie
    • Bourgeois-Proletariat Dialectic
      • The Worker is enslaved by the Capitalist, though at first, he or she does not know it
      • The Worker wakes from a “False Consciousness”
      • The Dialectic turns…
      • Establishing the classless society
    •  
    • Bourgeois-Proletariat Dialectic
      • The Worker is enslaved by the Capitalist, though at first, he or she does not know it
      • The Worker wakes from a “False Consciousness”
      • The Dialectic turns…
      • Establishing the classless society
    • Bourgeois-Proletariat Dialectic
      • The Worker is enslaved by the Capitalist, though at first, he or she does not know it
      • The Worker wakes from a “False Consciousness”
      • The Dialectic turns…
      • Establishing the classless society
    • Bourgeois-Proletariat Dialectic
      • The Worker is enslaved by the Capitalist, though at first, he or she does not know it
      • The Worker wakes from a “False Consciousness”
      • The Dialectic turns…
      • Establishing the classless society
    • The Revolutionary Sequence COMMUNISM WITHERING AWAY OF THE STATE DICTATORSHIP OF THE PROLETARIAT SEIZURE OF STATE POWER REVOLUTIONARY CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS IMMISERATION OF THE PROLETARIAT ECONOMIC CRISES
    • The Marxist View of Freedom (Ball and Dagger, “Socialism and Communism: More to Marx”) OBSTACLE: Class divisions, economic inequalities, unequal life chances, “False Consciousness" AGENT: Common/ Working People; The proletariat GOAL: Fulfillment of human potential and needs
    • Marxism as an ideology
    • Explanation
    • Evaluation
    • Orientation
    • Political Program
    •  
    • Architecture vs. Capitalism
    • Source: www.kellysue.com
    • “ Capitalism, he discovered, produced only ugly, pretentious luxury goods for slave owners and ugly, shoddy goods for slaves.” - A.L. Morton
    • The Arts & Crafts Movement
    • “ I have tried to produce goods which should be genuine as far as their mere substances are concerned, and should have on that account the primary beauty in them which belongs to naturally treated substances.” William Morris
    • Artistic Criticism Social Criticism
    • Morris Transforms
    • Morris’ Marxism
    • The problem of political action: “Making Marxists”
    • Morris’ Principles
      • It is right and necessary that all men should have work to do which shall be worth doing, and be of itself pleasant to do; and which should be done under such conditions as would make it neither over-wearisome nor over-anxious.
      • Nothing should be made by men’s labour which is not worth making; or which must be made by labour degrading to the makers.
    • Morris’ Principles
      • It is right and necessary that all men should have work to do which shall be worth doing, and be of itself pleasant to do; and which should be done under such conditions as would make it neither over-wearisome nor over-anxious.
      • Nothing should be made by men’s labour which is not worth making; or which must be made by labour degrading to the makers.
    • Morris’ Principles
      • No one who is willing to work should ever fear want of such employment as would earn for him all due necessities of mind and body.
        • Honourable and fitting work
        • Decency of Surroundings
        • Leisure
      • It is NECESSARY to human well-being that “In a well ordered state of Society every man willing to work should be ensured honourable and fitting work, a healthy and beautiful house, and full leisure for mind and body.”
    • Morris’ Principles
      • No one who is willing to work should ever fear want of such employment as would earn for him all due necessities of mind and body.
        • Honourable and fitting work
        • Decency of Surroundings
        • Leisure
      • It is NECESSARY to human well-being that “In a well ordered state of Society every man willing to work should be ensured honourable and fitting work, a healthy and beautiful house, and full leisure for mind and body.”
    •  
    • Lenin’s Contributions to Marxism
    • Vanguard Party
    • Marx vs. Lenin
    • The Party’s chief role is to agitate, organize, and educate the workers, teaching them where their “true” interests lie, i.e., overcome False Consciousness.
    • The Intellectuals MUST Lead!
    • No faith in the “working-class mentality”
    • Imperialism
    • Four Conclusions:
      • Confirmed his suspicions and hatred of the “revisionist” Marxists who proposed gradual change by working through parties within the current system.
      • Members of the working-class in the West have been infected with a “trade union mentality,” in effect becoming “bourgeoisie” themselves, and unreliable for bringing the Marxian revolution.
      • The (Vanguard) Party plays the indispensable role of raising the consciousness of the working class.
      • The revolution will come FIRST to those areas most immiserated and led by an active vanguard party.
        • Instead of coming first to the most developed capitalist countries as Marx expected, Lenin said it will begin in the more backward nations, e.g., Russia and China.
    • Four Conclusions:
      • Confirmed his suspicions and hatred of the “revisionist” Marxists who proposed gradual change by working through parties within the current system.
      • Members of the working-class in the West have been infected with a “trade union mentality,” in effect becoming “bourgeoisie” themselves, and unreliable for bringing the Marxian revolution.
      • The (Vanguard) Party plays the indispensable role of raising the consciousness of the working class.
      • The revolution will come FIRST to those areas most immiserated and led by an active vanguard party.
        • Instead of coming first to the most developed capitalist countries as Marx expected, Lenin said it will begin in the more backward nations, e.g., Russia and China.
    • Four Conclusions:
      • Confirmed his suspicions and hatred of the “revisionist” Marxists who proposed gradual change by working through parties within the current system.
      • Members of the working-class in the West have been infected with a “trade union mentality,” in effect becoming “bourgeoisie” themselves, and unreliable for bringing the Marxian revolution.
      • The (Vanguard) Party plays the indispensable role of raising the consciousness of the working class.
      • The revolution will come FIRST to those areas most immiserated and led by an active vanguard party.
        • Instead of coming first to the most developed capitalist countries as Marx expected, Lenin said it will begin in the more backward nations, e.g., Russia and China.
    • Four Conclusions:
      • Confirmed his suspicions and hatred of the “revisionist” Marxists who proposed gradual change by working through parties within the current system.
      • Members of the working-class in the West have been infected with a “trade union mentality,” in effect becoming “bourgeoisie” themselves, and unreliable for bringing the Marxian revolution.
      • The (Vanguard) Party plays the indispensable role of raising the consciousness of the working class.
      • The revolution will come FIRST to those areas most immiserated and led by an active vanguard party.
        • Instead of coming first to the most developed capitalist countries as Marx expected, Lenin said it will begin in the more backward nations, e.g., Russia and China.
    • Four Conclusions:
      • Confirmed his suspicions and hatred of the “revisionist” Marxists who proposed gradual change by working through parties within the current system.
      • Members of the working-class in the West have been infected with a “trade union mentality,” in effect becoming “bourgeoisie” themselves, and unreliable for bringing the Marxian revolution.
      • The (Vanguard) Party plays the indispensable role of raising the consciousness of the working class.
      • The revolution will come FIRST to those areas most immiserated and led by an active vanguard party.
        • Instead of coming first to the most developed capitalist countries as Marx expected, Lenin said it will begin in the more backward nations, e.g., Russia and China.
    •  
    • Maoism: Marxism “through a glass, darkly”
    • Heavily influenced by Lenin’s Imperialism
    • Mao proposed to rely on the Chinese agrarian peasantry for 2 reasons:
      • Poor peasant farmers were an overwhelming majority of the Chinese population, and if organized and mobilized, would provide an almost irresistible force.
      • They were the poorest and most oppressed segment of the population. They had nothing to lose but everything to gain from revolution against their oppressors.
    • Mao proposed to rely on the Chinese agrarian peasantry for 2 reasons:
      • Poor peasant farmers were an overwhelming majority of the Chinese population, and if organized and mobilized, would provide an almost irresistible force.
      • They were the poorest and most oppressed segment of the population. They had nothing to lose but everything to gain from revolution against their oppressors.
    • Urban Proletariat Peasantry
    • Mao vs. Marx
      • Subjective Conditions
      • Consciousness
      • Political Will
      • Material or Objective Conditions
    • The Class Struggle recast…
    • Importance of the Vanguard Party