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Marxism (Part 1)

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First half of a slideshow prepared for a series of lectures on Marxism for PS 240 Introduction to Political Theory at the University of Kentucky, Fall 2007. Dr. Christopher S. Rice, Lecturer.

First half of a slideshow prepared for a series of lectures on Marxism for PS 240 Introduction to Political Theory at the University of Kentucky, Fall 2007. Dr. Christopher S. Rice, Lecturer.

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Marxism (Part 1) Marxism (Part 1) Presentation Transcript

  • Marxism (Part One) Dr. Christopher S. Rice
  •  
  • The Early Marx
  • Marx Becomes A Philosopher
  • 2 effects of his career in Journalism
  • He came to appreciate the central social and political importance of economics
  • He ceased to be a liberal and became a radical
  •  
  • The Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844
  • Hegel and his influence on Marxism
  • Hegel’s Philosophy of History
  • Geist
  • Alienation ( entfremdung )
  • Dialectic the process whereby opposite views or forces come into conflict, which eventually leads to the overcoming or reconciliation of the opposition in a new and presumably higher form
  • The Master-Slave Dialectic
    • The master becomes master by physically conquering another, whom he then enslaves.
    • Seeing oneself through the eyes of the Other.
    • The master and slave are engaged in a symbiotic relationship.
    • The master and slave are engaged in a conflictual relationship.
    • The true relationship revealed through resistance.
    • A Happy Conclusion…
  • The Master-Slave Dialectic
    • The master becomes master by physically conquering another, whom he then enslaves.
    • Seeing oneself through the eyes of the Other.
    • The master and slave are engaged in a symbiotic relationship.
    • The master and slave are engaged in a conflictual relationship.
    • The true relationship revealed through resistance.
    • A Happy Conclusion…
  • The Master-Slave Dialectic
    • The master becomes master by physically conquering another, whom he then enslaves.
    • Seeing oneself through the eyes of the Other.
    • The master and slave are engaged in a symbiotic relationship.
    • The master and slave are engaged in a conflictual relationship.
    • The true relationship revealed through resistance.
    • A Happy Conclusion…
  • The Master-Slave Dialectic
    • The master becomes master by physically conquering another, whom he then enslaves.
    • Seeing oneself through the eyes of the Other.
    • The master and slave are engaged in a symbiotic relationship.
    • The master and slave are engaged in a conflictual relationship.
    • The true relationship revealed through resistance.
    • A Happy Conclusion…
  • The Master-Slave Dialectic
    • The master becomes master by physically conquering another, whom he then enslaves.
    • Seeing oneself through the eyes of the Other.
    • The master and slave are engaged in a symbiotic relationship.
    • The master and slave are engaged in a conflictual relationship.
    • The true relationship revealed through resistance.
    • A Happy Conclusion…
  • The Master-Slave Dialectic
    • The master becomes master by physically conquering another, whom he then enslaves.
    • Seeing oneself through the eyes of the Other.
    • The master and slave are engaged in a symbiotic relationship.
    • The master and slave are engaged in a conflictual relationship.
    • The true relationship revealed through resistance.
    • A Happy Conclusion…
  • History as the Story of Human Labor and Struggle
  • “ The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles .”
  • Materialist vs. Idealist
  • Material Forces of Production + Social Relations of Production = Material Production
  • Material Forces of Production
  • Social Relations of Production
  • The Dialectic of Class
  • Class determined by relation to the forces of production
  • Dominating Class has 2 important advantages:
    • Monopoly on the power, agents of coercion
    • Control of the Mental Means of Production
  • Dominating Class has 2 important advantages:
    • Monopoly on the power, agents of coercion
    • Control of the Mental Means of Production
  • False Consciousness
  • Base & Superstructure
  • Marx’s Materialist Conception of Society (Ball and Dagger, “Socialism and Communism: More to Marx”) IDEOLOGICAL SUPERSTRUCTURE BASE IDEAS, IDEALS, BELIEFS (Morality, Law, Religion, Etc.) SOCIAL RELATIONS OF PRODUCTION MATERIAL FORCES OF PRODUCTION (“Productive Forces”)
  • “ Religion is the opiate of the masses”
  • Possessive Individualism
  • Marx’s Critique of Capitalism
  • “ The bourgeoisie, historically, has played a most revolutionary part.”
  • Capitalism’s 3 important progressive functions
    • Merchant capitalists hastened the demise of feudalism
    • Capitalism has made men masters over nature
    • Capitalism requires constant innovation and change
    • Merchant capitalists hastened the demise of feudalism
    • Capitalism has made men masters over nature
    • Capitalism requires constant innovation and change
    • Merchant capitalists hastened the demise of feudalism
    • Capitalism has made men masters over nature
    • Capitalism requires constant innovation and change
  • So why should Capitalism be replaced???
  • 3 Reasons
  • Capitalism is Outmoded
  • Capitalism creates Alienation
  • 4 ways in which workers are alienated under capitalism:
    • They are alienated from the product of their labor because they are forced to sell their labor and do not own what they produce.
    • They are alienated from the activity of production itself because the capitalist system of mass production kills the creative spirit, leaving workers unable to find satisfaction in their labor.
    • Workers are alienated from their unique and distinctively human nature and potential, particularly the power to create and enjoy beauty, by the dulling effect of living in a capitalist society.
    • Capitalism alienates workers from each other because it forces them to compete of jobs and wages.
  • 4 ways in which workers are alienated under capitalism:
    • They are alienated from the product of their labor because they are forced to sell their labor and do not own what they produce.
    • They are alienated from the activity of production itself because the capitalist system of mass production kills the creative spirit, leaving workers unable to find satisfaction in their labor.
    • Workers are alienated from their unique and distinctively human nature and potential, particularly the power to create and enjoy beauty, by the dulling effect of living in a capitalist society.
    • Capitalism alienates workers from each other because it forces them to compete of jobs and wages.
  • 4 ways in which workers are alienated under capitalism:
    • They are alienated from the product of their labor because they are forced to sell their labor and do not own what they produce.
    • They are alienated from the activity of production itself because the capitalist system of mass production kills the creative spirit, leaving workers unable to find satisfaction in their labor.
    • Workers are alienated from their unique and distinctively human nature and potential, particularly the power to create and enjoy beauty, by the dulling effect of living in a capitalist society.
    • Capitalism alienates workers from each other because it forces them to compete of jobs and wages.
  • 4 ways in which workers are alienated under capitalism:
    • They are alienated from the product of their labor because they are forced to sell their labor and do not own what they produce.
    • They are alienated from the activity of production itself because the capitalist system of mass production kills the creative spirit, leaving workers unable to find satisfaction in their labor.
    • Workers are alienated from their unique and distinctively human nature and potential, particularly the power to create and enjoy beauty, by the dulling effect of living in a capitalist society.
    • Capitalism alienates workers from each other because it forces them to compete of jobs and wages.
  • Capitalism is Self-subverting
  • Why capitalism is DOOOOOOOMED!
  • Capitalism contains within itself the seeds of its own destruction
  • Capitalism has created its own “grave-diggers” by creating a class with interests diametrically opposed to its own, brought them together & taught them how to cooperate
  • Thus, they become a unified class, which has common interests and a common enemy, the bourgeoisie
  • The proletariat then comes to realize that it is a class with nothing to lose but everything to gain by revolting against and overthrowing the bourgeoisie
  • Bourgeois-Proletariat Dialectic
    • The Worker is enslaved by the Capitalist, though at first, he or she does not know it
    • The Worker wakes from a “False Consciousness”
    • The Dialectic turns…
    • Establishing the classless society
  •  
  • Bourgeois-Proletariat Dialectic
    • The Worker is enslaved by the Capitalist, though at first, he or she does not know it
    • The Worker wakes from a “False Consciousness”
    • The Dialectic turns…
    • Establishing the classless society
  • Bourgeois-Proletariat Dialectic
    • The Worker is enslaved by the Capitalist, though at first, he or she does not know it
    • The Worker wakes from a “False Consciousness”
    • The Dialectic turns…
    • Establishing the classless society
  • Bourgeois-Proletariat Dialectic
    • The Worker is enslaved by the Capitalist, though at first, he or she does not know it
    • The Worker wakes from a “False Consciousness”
    • The Dialectic turns…
    • Establishing the classless society
  • The Revolutionary Sequence COMMUNISM WITHERING AWAY OF THE STATE DICTATORSHIP OF THE PROLETARIAT SEIZURE OF STATE POWER REVOLUTIONARY CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS IMMISERATION OF THE PROLETARIAT ECONOMIC CRISES
  • The Marxist View of Freedom (Ball and Dagger, “Socialism and Communism: More to Marx”) OBSTACLE: Class divisions, economic inequalities, unequal life chances, “False Consciousness" AGENT: Common/ Working People; The proletariat GOAL: Fulfillment of human potential and needs