Environmentalism(s) Dr. Christopher S. Rice
3 “Waves” of Environmentalism <ul><li>Romantic </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Justice </li></ul><ul><li>The Ecological Wa...
3 “Waves” of Environmentalism <ul><li>Romantic </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Justice </li></ul><ul><li>The Ecological Wa...
3 “Waves” of Environmentalism <ul><li>Romantic </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Justice </li></ul><ul><li>The Ecological Wa...
 
 
 
 
Egocentrism
Homocentrism
Ecocentrism
Problems with Eco-centrism: <ul><li>May actually be homocentric at its root – assigning values of species, etc. </li></ul>...
Problems with Eco-centrism: <ul><li>May actually be homocentric at its root – assigning values of species, etc. </li></ul>...
Problems with Eco-centrism: <ul><li>May actually be homocentric at its root – assigning values of species, etc. </li></ul>...
Problems with Eco-centrism: <ul><li>May actually be homocentric at its root – assigning values of species, etc. </li></ul>...
Deep Ecology
 
Ecosophy T
Ecosophy A philosophy of ecological harmony or equilibrium.
Ecosophy T
The Principles of Deep Ecology Arne Naess, “The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement: A Summary,”  Inquiry , ...
The Principles of Deep Ecology Arne Naess, “The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement: A Summary,”  Inquiry , ...
The Principles of Deep Ecology Arne Naess, “The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement: A Summary,”  Inquiry , ...
The Principles of Deep Ecology Arne Naess, “The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement: A Summary,”  Inquiry , ...
The Principles of Deep Ecology Arne Naess, “The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement: A Summary,”  Inquiry , ...
The Principles of Deep Ecology Arne Naess, “The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement: A Summary,”  Inquiry , ...
The Principles of Deep Ecology Arne Naess, “The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement: A Summary,”  Inquiry , ...
 
 
 
 
Dominant Western Worldview (DWW) + Human Exceptionalism Paradigm   (HPP)  vs.  New Ecological Paradigm (NEP)
Source:  William R. Catton, Jr. and Riley Dunlap.  “A New Ecological Paradigm for Post-Exuberant Sociology,”  American Beh...
Human Nature
Principle of Biospheric Equality
We are an event, not an ego
 
The Self
Dialectical Idealism
 
 
Christian Tradition
The Deep Ecology View of Freedom OBSTACLE: Dominant Western Worldview; HEP; Capitalist economics; Mechanistic views <ul><l...
Eco-science
Chaos Theory
Deep Ecology as an Ideology
Explanation
Evaluation
Orientation
Political Program
Social Ecology
Progressivism + Environmentalism
How social ecology and  deep ecology differ: <ul><li>Deep ecology focuses on organic/mechanistic dialectic, social ecology...
How social ecology and  deep ecology differ: <ul><li>Deep ecology focuses on organic/mechanistic dialectic, social ecology...
How social ecology and  deep ecology differ: <ul><li>Deep ecology focuses on organic/mechanistic dialectic, social ecology...
Anarchist Social Ecology
 
It’s all about the hierarchy, baby!
Food WEB vs. Food CHAIN
 
 
“ An immanent dialectic within phenomena” <ul><li>Humans are transformed by their relations with nature, even as they tran...
“ An immanent dialectic within phenomena” <ul><li>Humans are transformed by their relations with nature, even as they tran...
“ An immanent dialectic within phenomena” <ul><li>Humans are transformed by their relations with nature, even as they tran...
Ending social domination
Ecology vs. Environmentalism
Bioregionalism
 
Ecosystem A distinct human and natural community including the social as well as the organic factors that interrelate with...
Socialist Ecology
economic transformation to ecological socialism
First Contradiction of Capitalism
Second Contradiction of Capitalism
Ecology is the basis of  3 conditions of production <ul><li>The external physical conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>The person...
Ecology is the basis of  3 conditions of production <ul><li>The external physical conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>The person...
Ecology is the basis of  3 conditions of production <ul><li>The external physical conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>The person...
Resultant changes in Marxism <ul><li>Where First Contradiction lead to  overproduction , Second Contradiction leads to  un...
Resultant changes in Marxism <ul><li>Where First Contradiction lead to  overproduction , Second Contradiction leads to  un...
Resultant changes in Marxism <ul><li>Where First Contradiction lead to  overproduction , Second Contradiction leads to  un...
Cyber-Greens
 
“ Email burns oil and shits filth into your air” ~ Bruce Sterling, Viridiandesign.org
They're all about creating irresistible consumer demand for cool objects that will yield a global atmosphere upgrade. It's...
Greening your Geek
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Environmentalism(s)

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Presentation prepared for a series of lectures on Environmentalism for PS 240 introduction to Political Theory at the University of Kentucky, Spring 2007. Dr. Christopher S. Rice, Instructor.

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Transcript of "Environmentalism(s)"

  1. 1. Environmentalism(s) Dr. Christopher S. Rice
  2. 2. 3 “Waves” of Environmentalism <ul><li>Romantic </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Justice </li></ul><ul><li>The Ecological Way </li></ul>
  3. 3. 3 “Waves” of Environmentalism <ul><li>Romantic </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Justice </li></ul><ul><li>The Ecological Way </li></ul>
  4. 4. 3 “Waves” of Environmentalism <ul><li>Romantic </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Justice </li></ul><ul><li>The Ecological Way </li></ul>
  5. 9. Egocentrism
  6. 10. Homocentrism
  7. 11. Ecocentrism
  8. 12. Problems with Eco-centrism: <ul><li>May actually be homocentric at its root – assigning values of species, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Fuzziness between facts and values, is and ought. </li></ul><ul><li>Assumption of moral progress. </li></ul><ul><li>Feminist critique – glosses over issues of race, gender, class, species difference. </li></ul>
  9. 13. Problems with Eco-centrism: <ul><li>May actually be homocentric at its root – assigning values of species, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Fuzziness between facts and values, is and ought. </li></ul><ul><li>Assumption of moral progress. </li></ul><ul><li>Feminist critique – glosses over issues of race, gender, class, species difference. </li></ul>
  10. 14. Problems with Eco-centrism: <ul><li>May actually be homocentric at its root – assigning values of species, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Fuzziness between facts and values, is and ought. </li></ul><ul><li>Assumption of moral progress. </li></ul><ul><li>Feminist critique – glosses over issues of race, gender, class, species difference. </li></ul>
  11. 15. Problems with Eco-centrism: <ul><li>May actually be homocentric at its root – assigning values of species, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Fuzziness between facts and values, is and ought. </li></ul><ul><li>Assumption of moral progress. </li></ul><ul><li>Feminist critique – glosses over issues of race, gender, class, species difference. </li></ul>
  12. 16. Deep Ecology
  13. 18. Ecosophy T
  14. 19. Ecosophy A philosophy of ecological harmony or equilibrium.
  15. 20. Ecosophy T
  16. 21. The Principles of Deep Ecology Arne Naess, “The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement: A Summary,” Inquiry , 16 (1972): 95-100. Carolyn Merchant, Radical Ecology , p.87. <ul><li>Rejection of the man-in-environment image in favor of the relational, total-field image. </li></ul><ul><li>Biospherical egalitarianism. </li></ul><ul><li>Principles of diversity and of symbiosis. </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-class posture. </li></ul><ul><li>Fight against pollution and resource depletion. </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity, not complication. </li></ul><ul><li>Local autonomy and decentralization. </li></ul>
  17. 22. The Principles of Deep Ecology Arne Naess, “The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement: A Summary,” Inquiry , 16 (1972): 95-100. Carolyn Merchant, Radical Ecology , p.87. <ul><li>Rejection of the man-in-environment image in favor of the relational, total-field image. </li></ul><ul><li>Biospherical egalitarianism. </li></ul><ul><li>Principles of diversity and of symbiosis. </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-class posture. </li></ul><ul><li>Fight against pollution and resource depletion. </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity, not complication. </li></ul><ul><li>Local autonomy and decentralization. </li></ul>
  18. 23. The Principles of Deep Ecology Arne Naess, “The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement: A Summary,” Inquiry , 16 (1972): 95-100. Carolyn Merchant, Radical Ecology , p.87. <ul><li>Rejection of the man-in-environment image in favor of the relational, total-field image. </li></ul><ul><li>Biospherical egalitarianism. </li></ul><ul><li>Principles of diversity and of symbiosis. </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-class posture. </li></ul><ul><li>Fight against pollution and resource depletion. </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity, not complication. </li></ul><ul><li>Local autonomy and decentralization. </li></ul>
  19. 24. The Principles of Deep Ecology Arne Naess, “The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement: A Summary,” Inquiry , 16 (1972): 95-100. Carolyn Merchant, Radical Ecology , p.87. <ul><li>Rejection of the man-in-environment image in favor of the relational, total-field image. </li></ul><ul><li>Biospherical egalitarianism. </li></ul><ul><li>Principles of diversity and of symbiosis. </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-class posture. </li></ul><ul><li>Fight against pollution and resource depletion. </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity, not complication. </li></ul><ul><li>Local autonomy and decentralization. </li></ul>
  20. 25. The Principles of Deep Ecology Arne Naess, “The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement: A Summary,” Inquiry , 16 (1972): 95-100. Carolyn Merchant, Radical Ecology , p.87. <ul><li>Rejection of the man-in-environment image in favor of the relational, total-field image. </li></ul><ul><li>Biospherical egalitarianism. </li></ul><ul><li>Principles of diversity and of symbiosis. </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-class posture. </li></ul><ul><li>Fight against pollution and resource depletion. </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity, not complication. </li></ul><ul><li>Local autonomy and decentralization. </li></ul>
  21. 26. The Principles of Deep Ecology Arne Naess, “The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement: A Summary,” Inquiry , 16 (1972): 95-100. Carolyn Merchant, Radical Ecology , p.87. <ul><li>Rejection of the man-in-environment image in favor of the relational, total-field image. </li></ul><ul><li>Biospherical egalitarianism. </li></ul><ul><li>Principles of diversity and of symbiosis. </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-class posture. </li></ul><ul><li>Fight against pollution and resource depletion. </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity, not complication. </li></ul><ul><li>Local autonomy and decentralization. </li></ul>
  22. 27. The Principles of Deep Ecology Arne Naess, “The Shallow and the Deep, Long-Range Ecology Movement: A Summary,” Inquiry , 16 (1972): 95-100. Carolyn Merchant, Radical Ecology , p.87. <ul><li>Rejection of the man-in-environment image in favor of the relational, total-field image. </li></ul><ul><li>Biospherical egalitarianism. </li></ul><ul><li>Principles of diversity and of symbiosis. </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-class posture. </li></ul><ul><li>Fight against pollution and resource depletion. </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity, not complication. </li></ul><ul><li>Local autonomy and decentralization. </li></ul>
  23. 32. Dominant Western Worldview (DWW) + Human Exceptionalism Paradigm (HPP) vs. New Ecological Paradigm (NEP)
  24. 33. Source: William R. Catton, Jr. and Riley Dunlap. “A New Ecological Paradigm for Post-Exuberant Sociology,” American Behavioral Scientist , 24, no. 1 (Sept./Oct. 1980): 34. Also Carolyn Merchant, Radical Ecology , pp. 90-91.
  25. 34. Human Nature
  26. 35. Principle of Biospheric Equality
  27. 36. We are an event, not an ego
  28. 38. The Self
  29. 39. Dialectical Idealism
  30. 42. Christian Tradition
  31. 43. The Deep Ecology View of Freedom OBSTACLE: Dominant Western Worldview; HEP; Capitalist economics; Mechanistic views <ul><li>AGENT: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relational, “Total-Field” Organism; Ecosystem(s) </li></ul></ul>GOAL: Biospheric Equality; end of class differences; decentralization; self-realization
  32. 44. Eco-science
  33. 45. Chaos Theory
  34. 46. Deep Ecology as an Ideology
  35. 47. Explanation
  36. 48. Evaluation
  37. 49. Orientation
  38. 50. Political Program
  39. 51. Social Ecology
  40. 52. Progressivism + Environmentalism
  41. 53. How social ecology and deep ecology differ: <ul><li>Deep ecology focuses on organic/mechanistic dialectic, social ecology on society/ecology dialectic. </li></ul><ul><li>Social ecology focuses on an anthropocentric ethics. </li></ul><ul><li>Social ecology less radical on issue of population stabilization. </li></ul>
  42. 54. How social ecology and deep ecology differ: <ul><li>Deep ecology focuses on organic/mechanistic dialectic, social ecology on society/ecology dialectic. </li></ul><ul><li>Social ecology focuses on an anthropocentric ethics. </li></ul><ul><li>Social ecology less radical on issue of population stabilization. </li></ul>
  43. 55. How social ecology and deep ecology differ: <ul><li>Deep ecology focuses on organic/mechanistic dialectic, social ecology on society/ecology dialectic. </li></ul><ul><li>Social ecology focuses on an anthropocentric ethics. </li></ul><ul><li>Social ecology less radical on issue of population stabilization. </li></ul>
  44. 56. Anarchist Social Ecology
  45. 58. It’s all about the hierarchy, baby!
  46. 59. Food WEB vs. Food CHAIN
  47. 62. “ An immanent dialectic within phenomena” <ul><li>Humans are transformed by their relations with nature, even as they transform nature by their interactions with it. </li></ul><ul><li>Nature is not just the passive receptor of human action, but the active transformer of human labor. </li></ul><ul><li>Nature interacts with humanity to yield the actualization of their common potentialities in the natural and social worlds. </li></ul>
  48. 63. “ An immanent dialectic within phenomena” <ul><li>Humans are transformed by their relations with nature, even as they transform nature by their interactions with it. </li></ul><ul><li>Nature is not just the passive receptor of human action, but the active transformer of human labor. </li></ul><ul><li>Nature interacts with humanity to yield the actualization of their common potentialities in the natural and social worlds. </li></ul>
  49. 64. “ An immanent dialectic within phenomena” <ul><li>Humans are transformed by their relations with nature, even as they transform nature by their interactions with it. </li></ul><ul><li>Nature is not just the passive receptor of human action, but the active transformer of human labor. </li></ul><ul><li>Nature interacts with humanity to yield the actualization of their common potentialities in the natural and social worlds. </li></ul>
  50. 65. Ending social domination
  51. 66. Ecology vs. Environmentalism
  52. 67. Bioregionalism
  53. 69. Ecosystem A distinct human and natural community including the social as well as the organic factors that interrelate with each other to provide the basis for an ecologically rounded and balanced community.
  54. 70. Socialist Ecology
  55. 71. economic transformation to ecological socialism
  56. 72. First Contradiction of Capitalism
  57. 73. Second Contradiction of Capitalism
  58. 74. Ecology is the basis of 3 conditions of production <ul><li>The external physical conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>The personal conditions of laborers. </li></ul><ul><li>The social conditions of production. </li></ul>
  59. 75. Ecology is the basis of 3 conditions of production <ul><li>The external physical conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>The personal conditions of laborers. </li></ul><ul><li>The social conditions of production. </li></ul>
  60. 76. Ecology is the basis of 3 conditions of production <ul><li>The external physical conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>The personal conditions of laborers. </li></ul><ul><li>The social conditions of production. </li></ul>
  61. 77. Resultant changes in Marxism <ul><li>Where First Contradiction lead to overproduction , Second Contradiction leads to underproduction . </li></ul><ul><li>Traditionally, labor and socialist movements are agents of transformation. In EM, ecological social movements are the agents of change. </li></ul><ul><li>State socialism rejected in favor of localization and appropriate technologies and systems. </li></ul>
  62. 78. Resultant changes in Marxism <ul><li>Where First Contradiction lead to overproduction , Second Contradiction leads to underproduction . </li></ul><ul><li>Traditionally, labor and socialist movements are agents of transformation. In EM, ecological social movements are the agents of change. </li></ul><ul><li>State socialism rejected in favor of localization and appropriate technologies and systems. </li></ul>
  63. 79. Resultant changes in Marxism <ul><li>Where First Contradiction lead to overproduction , Second Contradiction leads to underproduction . </li></ul><ul><li>Traditionally, labor and socialist movements are agents of transformation. In EM, ecological social movements are the agents of change. </li></ul><ul><li>State socialism rejected in favor of localization and appropriate technologies and systems. </li></ul>
  64. 80. Cyber-Greens
  65. 82. “ Email burns oil and shits filth into your air” ~ Bruce Sterling, Viridiandesign.org
  66. 83. They're all about creating irresistible consumer demand for cool objects that will yield a global atmosphere upgrade. It's the Net vs. the 20th-century fossil order in a fight that the cybergreens are winning. Why? Because they're not about spiritual potential, human decency, small is beautiful, peace, justice or anything else unattainable. The cybergreens are about stuff people want, such as health, sex, glamour, hot products, awesome bandwidth, tech innovation and tons of money. We're gonna glam, spend and consume our way into planetary survival . ~ Bruce Sterling
  67. 84. Greening your Geek

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