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Civil Rights
 

Civil Rights

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Slide show prepared for a lecture on Civil Rights for PS 101 American Government at the University of Kentucky. Dr. Christopher S. Rice, Lecturer.

Slide show prepared for a lecture on Civil Rights for PS 101 American Government at the University of Kentucky. Dr. Christopher S. Rice, Lecturer.

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Civil Rights Civil Rights Presentation Transcript

  • Civil Rights Dr. Christopher S. Rice
  • Civil Rights Legal protections concerning equality and citizens’ participation in the country’s democratic governing process.
  • Civil Rights
    • Equal treatment by government of all citizens.
    • Guarantees that all citizens are able to participate as equals in the practice of democratic life.
    • These are government guarantees of political equality .
  • TRUE or FALSE The Supreme Court struck down the idea of “separate but equal” in Plessy v. Ferguson . 0
  • Equality for African-Americans
    • Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) - “Separate but Equal”
    • Circumventing voting guarantees of the 15th Amendment:
      • Poll Tax
      • Literacy Test (+ Grandfather Clause)
      • White Primaries
      • Terror and Intimidation (has this really ended?)
  • Equality for African-Americans
    • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KS (1954)
      • Reversed Plessy Doctrine - “Separate educational facilities inherently unequal”
      • 1954 Gallup poll - substantial majority of Southern whites opposed decision.
      • 1954 Gallup poll - only a slim majority of whites outside the South agreed with the decision
    • The struggle for civil rights was on…
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964
    • Barred unequal application of voter registration requirements, but did not abolish literacy tests.
    • Outlawed discrimination in:
      • Hotels
      • Motels
      • Restaurants
      • Theaters
      • all other public accommodations engaged in interstate commerce
    • exempted private clubs without defining "private," thereby allowing a loophole.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964
    • Authorized but did not require withdrawal of federal funds from programs which practiced discriminations.
    • Outlaws discrimination in employment in any business on the basis of:
      • race
      • national origin
      • sex
      • religion
    • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces this.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965
    • Made it illegal for a governmental entity to deny equal access to the electoral process to persons on account of race, color or language minority status.
  • Which of the following gave women the right to vote?
    • the Eleventh Amendment
    • the Fourteenth Amendment
    • the Nineteenth Amendment
    • the Twenty-Second Amendment
  • Civil Rights for Women
    • Roe v. Wade (1973)
    • Abortion went from a legislative issue to a constitutional issue, from a matter of policy to a matter of rights.
    • Based on the “right to privacy” (Griswold v. Connecticut)
    • Subsequent cases gave latitude to states to restrict abortions but did not overturn it.
  • Civil Rights for Women
    • Sexual Harassment
      • 1980 - EEOC ruled making sexual activity a condition of employment or promotion violates the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
      • Supreme Court - Only have to prove work environment is hostile or abusive.
  • Gay and Lesbian Rights
    • Bowers v. Hardwick (1986)
    • 1992 - Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell
    • Romer v. Evans (1996)
    • 2000 - Vermont legalizes same-sex unions.
    • Lawrence v. Texas (2003)
    • 2004 - Massachusetts institutes same-sex marriage
  • Gay and Lesbian Rights
    • Bush and Kerry had essentially the same position on gay marriage in 2004.
    • 2004 - 12 states had ballot measures banning same-sex marriage. All passed.
    • Most Americans oppose same sex marriage, but divided almost equally on civil union issue.
    • Attitudes toward same-sex relationships have moderated substantially in recent decades.
  •