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Civil Rights

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PowerPoint developed and used by TA Michael Fix for a lecture on Civil Rights for PS 101 American Government at the University of Kentucky, Spring 2007.

PowerPoint developed and used by TA Michael Fix for a lecture on Civil Rights for PS 101 American Government at the University of Kentucky, Spring 2007.

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Civil Rights Civil Rights Presentation Transcript

  • Civil Rights
  • Do you believe that convicted felons who have served their time should have their voting rights restored in states that do not currently make that provision?
    • Yes
    • No
    • Don’t know
  • Civil Rights Defined
    • Equal treatment of all citizens by the government.
    • Guarantees that all citizens are able to participate as equals in the practice of democratic life.
  • Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
    • Civil Rights are government guarantees of political equality .
    • Civil liberties protect individuals from governmental interference.
    • Further, Civil rights tend to apply to groups, whereas civil liberties are individual protections.
  • Civil Rights in Historical Context
    • No equality in the Constitution .
  • Civil Rights in Historical Context
    • Women and African-Americans given few rights.
    • Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)
    • Women’s rights in antebellum America.
  • Which of the following was not a “Civil War Amendment”?
    • the Thirteenth Amendment
    • the Fourteenth Amendment
    • the Fifteenth Amendment
    • the Sixteenth Amendment
    0
  • The Civil War & Change?
    • After the Civil War the Constitution was amended to guaranteed essential political rights to African-Americans.
    • 13 th – outlawed slavery
    • 14 th – overturned Dred Scott
    • 15 th – right to vote for African-American men
  • The Civil War & Change?
    • The effect of these Amendments were limited by a series of Supreme Court decisions.
    • Slaughterhouse Cases (1873)
    • Civil Rights Cases (1883)
    • Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) – “Separate but equal”
  • The Civil War & Change?
    • Southern States also managed to circumvent the requirements of the 15 th Amendment.
      • Poll Tax
      • Literacy Test (+ Grandfather Clause)
      • White Primaries
      • Terror and Intimidation (has this really ended?)
  • Sowing the Seeds of Change
    • In 1944, the Supreme Court declared that race was a suspect classification that demanded strict scrutiny ( Smith v. Allwright ).
    • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954) – overturned “separate but equal” in public schools.
    • Southern resistance.
  • Legislating Change
    • Civil Rights Act of 1964
      • Outlawed discrimination in employment, and in hotels, restaurants, and other public accommodations.
    • Voting Rights Act of 1965
  • Which of the following gave women the right to vote?
    • the Eleventh Amendment
    • the Fourteenth Amendment
    • the Nineteenth Amendment
    • the Twenty-Second Amendment
  • Civil Rights & Women
    • Women’s rights groups attempted to use the Civil War Amendments to expand their rights.
    • Unsuccessful in these attempts Minor v. Happersett (1874).
    • Women’s suffrage movement finally resulted in ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920.
  • Civil Rights & Women
    • Intermediate scrutiny ( Craig v. Boren, 1976 ).
    • Abortion rights ( Roe v. Wade , 1973).
    • Sexual harassment.
  • Civil Rights for Other Groups
    • The elderly and the Disabled
      • Americans with Disabilities Act (1990).
    • Gays and Lesbians
      • Bowers v. Hardwick (1986).
      • Commonwealth v. Wasson (1992).
      • Lawrence v. Texas (2003).
      • Gay marriage and same-sex unions.