Civil Rights


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PowerPoint developed and used by TA Michael Fix for a lecture on Civil Rights for PS 101 American Government at the University of Kentucky, Spring 2007.

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  • Civil Rights

    1. 1. Civil Rights
    2. 2. Do you believe that convicted felons who have served their time should have their voting rights restored in states that do not currently make that provision? <ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><li>No </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t know </li></ul>
    3. 3. Civil Rights Defined <ul><li>Equal treatment of all citizens by the government. </li></ul><ul><li>Guarantees that all citizens are able to participate as equals in the practice of democratic life. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Civil Rights & Civil Liberties <ul><li>Civil Rights are government guarantees of political equality . </li></ul><ul><li>Civil liberties protect individuals from governmental interference. </li></ul><ul><li>Further, Civil rights tend to apply to groups, whereas civil liberties are individual protections. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Civil Rights in Historical Context <ul><li>No equality in the Constitution . </li></ul>
    6. 6. Civil Rights in Historical Context <ul><li>Women and African-Americans given few rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s rights in antebellum America. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Which of the following was not a “Civil War Amendment”? <ul><li>the Thirteenth Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>the Fourteenth Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>the Fifteenth Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>the Sixteenth Amendment </li></ul>0
    8. 8. The Civil War & Change? <ul><li>After the Civil War the Constitution was amended to guaranteed essential political rights to African-Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>13 th – outlawed slavery </li></ul><ul><li>14 th – overturned Dred Scott </li></ul><ul><li>15 th – right to vote for African-American men </li></ul>
    9. 9. The Civil War & Change? <ul><li>The effect of these Amendments were limited by a series of Supreme Court decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>Slaughterhouse Cases (1873) </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Rights Cases (1883) </li></ul><ul><li>Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) – “Separate but equal” </li></ul>
    10. 10. The Civil War & Change? <ul><li>Southern States also managed to circumvent the requirements of the 15 th Amendment. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poll Tax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literacy Test (+ Grandfather Clause) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White Primaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Terror and Intimidation (has this really ended?) </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Sowing the Seeds of Change <ul><li>In 1944, the Supreme Court declared that race was a suspect classification that demanded strict scrutiny ( Smith v. Allwright ). </li></ul><ul><li>Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954) – overturned “separate but equal” in public schools. </li></ul><ul><li>Southern resistance. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Legislating Change <ul><li>Civil Rights Act of 1964 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outlawed discrimination in employment, and in hotels, restaurants, and other public accommodations. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voting Rights Act of 1965 </li></ul>
    13. 13. Which of the following gave women the right to vote? <ul><li>the Eleventh Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>the Fourteenth Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>the Nineteenth Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>the Twenty-Second Amendment </li></ul>
    14. 14. Civil Rights & Women <ul><li>Women’s rights groups attempted to use the Civil War Amendments to expand their rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Unsuccessful in these attempts Minor v. Happersett (1874). </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s suffrage movement finally resulted in ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Civil Rights & Women <ul><li>Intermediate scrutiny ( Craig v. Boren, 1976 ). </li></ul><ul><li>Abortion rights ( Roe v. Wade , 1973). </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual harassment. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Civil Rights for Other Groups <ul><li>The elderly and the Disabled </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans with Disabilities Act (1990). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gays and Lesbians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bowers v. Hardwick (1986). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commonwealth v. Wasson (1992). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lawrence v. Texas (2003). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gay marriage and same-sex unions. </li></ul></ul>