Chris Kim<br />History SL P.7<br />March 10, 2011<br />A: Plan of the Investigation<br />The focus of the study is on how ...
The line of mini forts, containing artillery and/or machine guns, was linked by tunnels with living quarters for the regim...
There were also store rooms to  stock up weapons and supplies 6
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History ia

  1. 1. Chris Kim<br />History SL P.7<br />March 10, 2011<br />A: Plan of the Investigation<br />The focus of the study is on how the Maginot Line responsible for the downfall of France in the prosecution of the Second World War. I chose this topic to further understand France’s defeat in WWII, because its defeat was rapid and significant in the prosecution of the war. Also, I desired to learn more about the strength of the Maginot Line and its defense.<br />The scope of this study is from the year 1929-1944. The study centers on the reasons for the creation of the Maginot Line, and the confidence it gave to France considering its defense against Germany. I will assess the effectiveness of the Maginot Line, and weigh the positive aspects of the Maginot Line against the negative sides. <br />I will research on this subject through websites on the internet. I will use several secondary sources, mainly books, to see how historians perceived this incident. I will also gather information by studying my history textbook, and through other scholarly sources. Primary and secondary sources were consulted. These will later be discussed in Criterion C.<br />(word count: 177)<br />B: Summary of Evidence<br />The Maginot Line was a series of heavily defended fortifications that ran north from the Swiss border, along the western banks of the Rhine River to southernmost Belgium. 1<br />It was mounted with artillery and troops 2<br />The Maginot Line was a modern fortification designed for ground defense 3<br /><ul><li>It was connected by a vast network of tunnels and underground railways 4
  2. 2. The line of mini forts, containing artillery and/or machine guns, was linked by tunnels with living quarters for the regiments of soldiers manning the forts 5
  3. 3. There were also store rooms to stock up weapons and supplies 6
  4. 4. Defenses included: 108 Overages (fortifications of various sizes); 410 Casemates (shelters and observation posts); 152 revolving gun turrets and 1,536 fixed cupolas; 339 heavy artillery pieces 7   </li></ul>It cost a total of about 3 billion francs to build 8<br />The Maginot Line was deemed to be an impregnable defense 9<br />It was built to defend France from Germany or Italy, two enemies who were France’s neighbors 10<br />It was to be run from the Swiss border to the English Channel 11<br />Construction on the Maginot Line started in the year 1929 12<br />It was built from the year 1929-1940 13<br />Andre Maginot, France’s minister of war from 1928-1931, convinced the French government to construct this line of defense 14<br />An extension was added to the Strait of Dover after the year 1934 15 <br />It was completed in the year 1940 16<br />The German invasion plan of 1940, Operation Sichelschnitt, was designed to deal with the Line 17 <br />The German offensive against France began on May 10, 1940 18<br />In May 1940, Germany invaded Belgium, and flanked the Maginot Line 19<br />German armed forces invaded France through the heavily wooded and semi-mountainous area of the Ardennes 20<br />The Ardennes were located north of the Maginot Line 21<br />Seven panzer divisions reached the Meuse River at Dinant on 12th May 1940 22 <br />During June 1940 the French government was forced to abandon Paris 23<br />France had invested much of its military strategy on the defenses of the Line 24<br />In June 14, 1940, the French government and Germany sign an armistice much to France’s humiliation 25<br />Germany violated Belgium’s neutral status by invading Belgium’s border 26 <br />In June 1944 Germany executed Operation Tiger and Operation Small Bear 27 <br />These two operations were used to break through the Maginot Line 28<br />Germany controlled the Maginot Line when the Allies invaded France in 1944 29<br /> (Word count: 440)<br />

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