Chris Tobias Energy Carta Presso
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Chris Tobias Energy Carta Presso



This presentation was delivered at the EnergyCarta Asian Youth Energy Summit 2010. It covers global issues shaping our future, cleantech and how it is defined, design and ethical considerations for ...

This presentation was delivered at the EnergyCarta Asian Youth Energy Summit 2010. It covers global issues shaping our future, cleantech and how it is defined, design and ethical considerations for industry and policymakers.



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Chris Tobias Energy Carta Presso Chris Tobias Energy Carta Presso Presentation Transcript

  • Vision + Development | Performance Optimisation | Project Management | Content + Communications
  • Asian Youth Energy Summit 2010 Cleantech Realities Chris Tobias Lead Strategist, Forward
  • The only thing certain is change.
  • The future =Population growth +Resource depletion +Security and conflict +Climate change
  • Population growth:7-9bn on a planet that shouldsafely support 2bnEconomic and lifestyle ambitionto live like the West– with afootprint to match.
  • Resource depletion:More people, competing for less“stuff”.Especially critical: energy andwater (note the relationship).Other key resources (e.g. traceminerals) also declining in supply.
  • Security andconflict:More security issues globally.Countries increasingly scramblingfor resources (ie China, Korea, US)Numerous flashpoints for conflict.(Iraq, Sudan, Rwanda)
  • Climate change:It will impact every aspectof human life.Temperature changes, erraticweather, droughts, sea level rise…They’re game changers at adifficult point in human evolution.
  • Cleantech: the silver bullet?
  • ... or did technology start the messwe currently have?
  • If we do not mind history,we are destined to repeat it.
  • So how are we defining“cleantech”?
  • Cleantech is a term used todescribe products or services thatimprove operational performance,productivity, or efficiency whilereducing costs, inputs, energyconsumption, waste, or pollution.(wikipedia)
  • It’s about humans, not just technology.
  • Fixing human software(behaviour, attitudes, beliefs)ismore importantthan making more hardware.
  • Technology, like money, is a means to an end.
  • Solve first for human behaviour.
  • Design technology holistically as part of a system.
  • Design for numerous outcomes.
  • Design for local conditions.
  • There are no silver bulletsolutions to our problems.There is no “one-size fits all.”There are no global “killer apps.”There are plenty of clichés andbad ideas.
  • Want help?
  • Some global cleantech best practice examples
  • Chido GoveroOrphan in ZimbabwePioneered growingmushrooms onagricultural waste tofeed her familyTurned into an exportindustryInspired and trainedothers in Africa, SouthAmerica, and India
  • Jack SimSuccessful Singaporeanbusiness-manChose to tacklesanitation issues indeveloping countriesrather than “retire”Founded World ToiletOrganisation (WTO)and drew resourcesworldwide for the cause
  • Singh IntrachootoThai architect,designer,professor, owner ofOsisuDesigns furniture,products, and buildingsusing recycledindustrial andagricultural wasteHighly successful andinternationallyrenowned
  • Majora CarterAmerican economicsconsultant, concernedcitizen and activistFounded SustainableSouth Bronx andpioneered numerousgreen initiatives locallyReactivated theneighbourhood, createdjobs, cleaned upenvironment
  • Dr. Willie SmitsDutch conservationist andentrepreneur living inBorneoPioneered combinedsustainable forest farming,rainforest creation project,orangutan habitat, and eco-tourism venture: SambojaLestariAlso founded MasarangFoundation which amongother things helped pioneerconverting sugar palm toethanol
  • Tom SzakyAmerican “eco-capitalist”Created the startupTerracycle, a company thatmakes consumer productsout of post-consumerproductsFirst started by bottlingworm fertiliser in reusedplastic drink bottlesHas expanded to numerousother product lines; hasmany emulators worldwide
  • What’s going on locally?
  • What can you as a young person do?
  • Be a catalyst for change.In other words…WANT A JOB?
  • Find new ways to meet these needs:-How/what will people eat?-How can more food be grown locally?-What sort of building materials will be used in the future?-What forms will buildings take?-What sources of energy can be harvested and used?-How can processes become more energyefficient/effective?-Where will we get water from and how will it be processed?-How will people be employed? What jobs will matter?-How will people get healthcare, and what sort of treatmentwill it involve?-How will mobility/transport need to adjust (both short andlong distance)?-What currency will people use to exchange goods andservices with?
  • Focus on adaptation.
  • Be ReadyAlternative Possibilities: Singapore and BeyondCase Study: Agriculture and Land Use–how will people feed themselves withincrease in fuel/food prices?-Singapore historically produced much of itsown food domestically.-Now reliant on importing some 93% of itsfood; food production per capita droppeddramatically (graph: Earth Trends)-Critics say that Singapore does not haveenough land area to devote to agriculture-Yet…there are approximately 300 sitescurrently listed as farms island-wide
  • Be ReadyAlternative Possibilities: Singapore and Beyond-Singapore: 30 golf courses and countryclubs… not to mention parks, greenspaces, public gardens, and military camps-The challenge: perhaps it’s not a matter ofland area, but land use-Localised, low-carbon, intensive, urbanagriculture could be possible on this smallisland-Cuba rebounded from it’s own “peak oil”scenario following the collapse of theUSSR, and now is largely food secure. In2002 it produced 3.2m tonnes of producein urban agriculture (see image at right)
  • Be ReadyAlternative Possibilities: Singapore and BeyondCase Study: Less Energy = Better Buildings-Many Singapore buildings are inefficiently built andoperated “glass boxes”, or monolithic high rises-According to energy efficiency expert Lee Eng Lock,60% of energy usage in SG attributed to inefficient aircon(bad op. practice, rather than lack of good technology)-And where does the energy come from?According to NTU in 2007, Singapore energy sources: 76% Natural Gas (most imported MY/IN) 22% Fuel Oil (imported from elsewhere) 3% Waste to Energy (refuse) .3% Diesel
  • Be ReadyAlternative Possibilities: Singapore and BeyondCase Study: Less Energy = Better Buildings-One local exemplar of “green” architecture:Poh Ern Shih Temple, Pasir PanjangKey Features: -Passive cooling design; minimal aircon usage; emphasis on natural ventilation -Shading overhangs/eaves -Amorpheus Cell PV system in 2 large installations (roof + pagoda) -7 large solar hot water heaters -4x micro wind turbines (yes, they work in SG!) -Energy efficient lighting -Energy self-sufficient -Water harvesting on site for landscape -Coming soon: micro-hydro
  • Be ReadyAlternative Possibilities: Singapore and BeyondCase Study: Social ResiliencyWorldwide movement: Transition TownsKey Features: -Decentralised organisation focused on local responses to peak oil and climate change -Started in the UK by Rob Hopkins in early 2000’s; now active in 278+ locations in 16+ countries worldwide -Small, self-organised communities take on initiatives for local resiliency and self-sufficiency -Emphasis on building local economies and social capital
  • Experiment and take risks.Follow your passion & your gut.View problems as opportunities.Market yourself and influencepeople.Learn everywhere.
  • You never change anything byfighting the existing reality. Tochange something, build a newmodel that makes the old modelobsolete.-- Buckminster Fuller
  • Tomorrow doesn’t have to beanother yesterday.
  • Thanks for your attention. We’ve been…Chris Tobias, Lead StrategistE: +65 8406 2275 (SG) +64 21 0225 2650 (NZ)Skype: FWDTHNKGLinkedin: ChrisTobiasForwardGet a copy of this presentation and usefulresources. Visit the Forward Thinking