Assessment Strategies for Online Learning Caroline Conlon, eLearning Design Coordinator Faculty Development & Instructional Design Center
Session Topics• How assessment strategies fit into the overall Instructional design process• Assessment categories, specifically the role of formative and summative assessments in an online environment• 7 Principles of Effective Online Assessments• Assessment tools available for use in Blackboard and considerations for their use in an online environment• Academic integrity
Assessment and the Instructional Design Process• Include assessment strategy into the ID process• Align assessment strategy with learning objectives or learning outcomes• Think about assessment from learner perspective
Assessment CategoriesFormative Assessment Summative Assessment Surveys Midterm / Final Exam Journals Quizzes Blogs Standardized Tests Wikis Final Grades Discussion Boards Final PresentationsSelf and Peer Assessments Term Papers
7 Principles of effective online assessment Design learner-centered assessments that include self- reflection Design and include grading rubrics for the assessment of contributions to the discussion as well as for assignments, projects, and collaboration Include collaborative assessments through public posting of papers, along with comments from student to student Use Assessment techniques that fit the context and align with learning objectives Design assessments that are clear, easy to understand, and likely to work in an online environment Ask for and incorporate student input (Palloff & Pratt, 2009)
Assessment ToolsRubricsAllow for objective and consistent assessmentClarifies your expectations about assessmentMakes students accountable for their performanceProvides a rationale for gradingIf team teaching or TA is grading, provides a framework for all
Assessment ToolsSurveysUse Survey tool to gather aggregate responses from studentsRemind students surveys are anonymousIf desiring to share findings with students, copy/paste results into Word to post to Blackboard
Assessment StrategiesDiscussion Board, Wikis, Blogs, JournalsProvide clear expectations up front (word count, substance, use rubrics)Provide feedback or comments along with gradeIn the Discussion Board, best to grade by forum versus the thread
Assessment ToolsOnline Quizzes, Tests, and Pools Allow students opportunity to practice Format questions in MS Word and import using the Blackboard Quiz Generator Add test questions to pools for easy reuse and expansion Check with your textbook publisher to see if they offer question pools for your textbook Create tests from random blocks or question pools whenever possible
Assessment ToolsAssignmentsUse Assignment Manager for file exchangeAttach assignment instructions and/or template files when creating assignmentDownload submitted assignments for offline gradingEnter feedback electronically & return to students via the assignment
Assessment StrategiesSafeAssignUse SafeAssign for substantial written assignmentsInform students in the syllabus of the requirements to use SafeAssignCreate draft version for students to submit to in order to self-check their workMake originality reports viewable by students
Academic IntegrityPlagiarism –Use SafeAssignGet to know the student’s capabilities through the use of formative assessmentsTests and Quizzes –Randomize the order of test questionsRandomly select a percentage from test poolIf a home quiz or test, allow open book
Academic Integrity“Spending large quantities of valuabletime chasing after a small percentage ofcheaters can quickly lead to diminishingreturns” (Simonson, Smaldino, Albright & Zvacek, 2011)
ReferencesPalloff, R. M., & Pratt, K. (2009). Assessing theonline learner, resources and strategies forfaculty. Jossey-Bass Inc Pub.Simonson, M., Smaldino, S., Albright, M., &Zvacek, S. (2011). Teaching and learning at adistance, foundations of distance education.Allyn & Bacon.
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