In the New Society
•The Filipino possessed a culture of their
•They had contacts with other foreign peoples
from Arabia, India, China, Indo-China and
“The inhabitants were a civilized people,
possessing their systems of writing, laws
and moral standards in a well-organized
system of government.
As shown in the rule of the
barangay, their code of laws-the
Code of Kalantiao and
Maragtas-their belief in the
Bathala, and the solidarity of
the family were obedience and
respect had been practiced.
The acceptance of Catholicism and the
acceptance of Spanish rule.
The schools were parochial or
•The main reading materials were
the cartilla, the caton and the
•The method of instructions was mainly
•The motive of the American was
conquering the Filipinos not only physically
but also intellectually.
•The curriculum was based on the ideals and
traditions of America and her hierarchy of
English was the medium of instruction
•The primary curriculum prescribed for the
Filipinos consisted of three grades which
provides training in two aspects.
Body training-physical education
Mental training-English, nature study,
The period of the Commonwealth
period of expansion and
The educational leaders expanded the
curriculum by introducing courses
Commonwealth Act 586
Educational Act of 1940
•reorganized the elementary school system
This measured ushered the beginning
of the decline of the efficiency of
Devised the curriculum for the Filipino to
All textbooks were censored and revised.
It cause a blackout in
Philippines education and
impeded the educational
progress of the Filipinos
In 1945, during the liberation period, steps
were taken to improve the curriculum
existing before the war.
To restore Grade VII
To abolish the double-single session
To adopt the modern trends in education
taken from the United States
The school curriculum remained basically
the same as before and was still subject-
Medium of instruction
Use of vernacular in the first two
grades of the primary schools
School and Community Collaboration
by Jose V. Aguilar. It is a source of gratification also to note that
our schools are increasingly using instructional
materials that are Philippine-oriented.
Department Memorandum No.
This particular memorandum sets the order of
priority in the purchase of books for use in our
schools as follows:
Books which are contributions to Philippine
Books on character education and other library
Library equipment and permanent features.