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  • 1. Curriculum Development
  • 2. Pre-Spanish Spanish-Devised American-Devised Curriculum During Commonwealth Japanese- Devised During Liberation Period During the Philippine Republic In the New Society
  • 3. Pre-Spanish •The Filipino possessed a culture of their own. •They had contacts with other foreign peoples from Arabia, India, China, Indo-China and Borneo. “The inhabitants were a civilized people, possessing their systems of writing, laws and moral standards in a well-organized system of government. As shown in the rule of the barangay, their code of laws-the Code of Kalantiao and Maragtas-their belief in the Bathala, and the solidarity of the family were obedience and respect had been practiced.
  • 4. Spanish-Devised The acceptance of Catholicism and the acceptance of Spanish rule.
  • 5. Spanish-Devised The schools were parochial or convent schools. •The main reading materials were the cartilla, the caton and the catecismo. •The method of instructions was mainly individual memorization.
  • 6. •The motive of the American was conquering the Filipinos not only physically but also intellectually. •The curriculum was based on the ideals and traditions of America and her hierarchy of values. English was the medium of instruction American-Devised
  • 7. •The primary curriculum prescribed for the Filipinos consisted of three grades which provides training in two aspects. Body training-physical education Mental training-English, nature study, and arithmetic American-Devised
  • 8. The period of the Commonwealth (1935-1946) period of expansion and reform The educational leaders expanded the curriculum by introducing courses Curriculum During Commonwealth
  • 9. Commonwealth Act 586 Educational Act of 1940 •reorganized the elementary school system Curriculum During Commonwealth This measured ushered the beginning of the decline of the efficiency of elementary education.
  • 10. Devised the curriculum for the Filipino to suit their Nippongo Japanese- Devised 没有办法 ENGLISH
  • 11. All textbooks were censored and revised. Japanese- Devised It cause a blackout in Philippines education and impeded the educational progress of the Filipinos
  • 12. In 1945, during the liberation period, steps were taken to improve the curriculum existing before the war. During Liberation Period  To restore Grade VII  To abolish the double-single session  To adopt the modern trends in education taken from the United States  The school curriculum remained basically the same as before and was still subject- centered
  • 13. Medium of instruction Use of vernacular in the first two grades of the primary schools School and Community Collaboration by Jose V. Aguilar. It is a source of gratification also to note that our schools are increasingly using instructional materials that are Philippine-oriented. During the Philippine Republic
  • 14. Department Memorandum No. 30, 1966 This particular memorandum sets the order of priority in the purchase of books for use in our schools as follows:  Books which are contributions to Philippine Literature  Books on character education and other library materials.  Library equipment and permanent features. During the Philippine Republic
  • 15. Text here Text Here In the New Society