RHYME - Similarity of sound usually found at the end of lines. Examples: late/fate; follow/swallow
RHYTHM - is the pace or tempo at which a passage moves. Rhythm reflects underlying emotion or meaning of a passage. It is created by the emphasis or stress placed on syllables, or words or groups of words.
SIMILE - a comparison of two unlike things with one thing in common using "like" or "as".
Example: The soldier was lion-like in battle
METAPHOR - a comparison of two unlike things with one thing in common, saying that one thing is the other.
Poetic Techniques: Identify 7 poetic techniques from the poem and record examples in your book.
The Lighthouse The light house, the guardian angel of the night She shines her light for all the lost sailors passing by Her beam bright as the sun, flashing through the night sky The lighthouse, a soldier during the storms Standing tall, unafraid of the chaos Her light piercing through the storm like sharp knives The light house the night owl of the day Sleeping and cozzed away until the night Her beam off as silent as a deer not wanting to be found Katherine Sessor
Identify an example of each of the parts of speech from the letter and write an example of each in your book:
I am writing to complain about the absolutely disgusting state of the streets in Orewa. I was on my daily stroll around the shops on Saturday and I couldn’t help but be offended by the litter in the gutters. I saw (and smelt!) rotten cabbage; cigarette butts; McDonalds wrapper and – the most disgusting of all – used condoms!
Who is responsible for this appalling problem? Rodney District Council, no doubt. Surely in these times of economic recession someone could be employed to clean the streets of our beautiful town. A team of workers is needed now!
We need to keep this lovely area from becoming an ugly eyesore.
Colloquial language : used in conversation, especially common and familiar conversation; conversational; hence, unstudied; informal. For example, ‘Bert was a bit of a laugh, eh?’
Formal language : language that is ceremonial or using a "high" register or hard words, such as a sermon, lecture, or poetry. For example, ‘Robert was a very entertaining young man, don’t you agree?’
Tone: the overall mood of the story. In understanding the TONE of the story, we understand the author’s intent. Tone may be formal, informal, intimate, solemn, sombre, playful, serious, ironic, condescending, or many other possible attitudes For example, “ Charlie looked at the hand lying gruesomely in the sand. Was it a shark attack?”
Emotive language : Words used deliberately to create an emotional impact or response . For example, "I don't care if I never see you again" is emotive, and shows anger.
Slang: informal expressions that do not belong to standard written English. For example, “flipping out” is slang for “losing one's mind” or “losing one's temper.”
Identify the emotive language and explain what emotion it is linked to.
Change the following formal language into colloquial language:
“ Really, Stephen! That behaviour is extremely inappropriate,” exclaimed his mother. Stephen did not understand what his mother was talking about. He had only been constructing a mid-morning sandwich because he was hungry. His mother was constantly complaining about his behaviour when, in his opinion, he very rarely misbehaved.
Change the following colloquial language into formal language :
“ Gidday bro! How’s it going?”
“ Yeah, I’m all good mate, how you doin’?”
The old mates were rapt to catch up again after what seemed like yonks. They had found each other on Facebook and arranged to have a game of tennis. They used to play a pretty mean game of doubles back in the day when they were at school.
A simple sentence, also called an independent clause, contains a subject and a verb, and it expresses a complete thought. A. Some students like to study in the mornings. B. Juan and Arturo play football every afternoon. C. Alicia goes to the library and studies every day.
Clause: A group of words containing a subject and a predicate and forming part of a sentence.
Subject: the main subject of a sentence. ‘ Harry is here.’
Predicate: a verb describing the action of the subject. ‘Harry is here .’
A complex sentence has an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses. A complex sentence always has a subordinator such as because, since, after, although, or when or a relative pronoun such as that, who, or which .
For example: A. When he handed in his homework, he forgot to give the teacher the last page. B. The teacher returned the homework after she noticed the error. C. The students are studying because they have a test tomorrow.