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Media plan

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  • 1. Interpretive Media Plan for the USGS Upper MidwestEnvironmental Services CenterCreated by:Cortney Adair, Christine Kuhn, Ryan Miller, Patrick Otero and Christopher RadaLegendSand Prairie (0.10 Mile)Savanna Prairie (0.10 Mile)Oak Savanna (0.13 Mile)Floodplain Forest (0.15 Mile)Outdoor Classroom area/DockConnecting TrailsNBLACK RIVERBACKWATERDOCK/ OUTDOORCLASSROOMFLOODPLAINFORESTOAK SAVANNASAVANNAPRAIRIEImage courtesy of USGS
  • 2. USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan32Table of ContentsPlanning Triangle Mission and Goals Audience ResourcesThemesConceptual Media Designs Environmental Interpretive Trails Sand Prairie Signage Overflowing with Life Fire! Fire! Fire! Savanna Prairie Signage Abundance of Life and Beauty Human Reliance on Plentiful Prairies Oak Savanna Signage Oak Savannas, the Last Stronghold Animals of the Oak Savanna Floodplain Forest Signage In the Air and Down Below Land Structure and Protection Outdoor Classroom/Dock Signage The World Underwater A Waterfull World!Recommendations Photography Credits Introduction University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point undergraduate students Courtney Adair, Christine Kuhn,Ryan Miller, Patrick Otero, and Chris Rada developed this plan as a part of their Interpretive Mediacourse. This plan is being developed for the Upper Midwest Environmental Services Center, or UMESC,located in Lacrosse, WI. The UMESC is a research center for the United States Geologic Survey, orUSGS. The UMESC site is located on the backwaters of the Mississippi River. The site has a variety ofnatural habitats, including prairies, river backwaters, an oak savanna, and forests. On the site, there isa trail system and an outdoor learning center. The trail system and outdoor learning center have someinterpretive media on them, but can be developed much further. This plan is being developed to updatesome existing interpretive media on the site and to develop new media to enhance the educationalopportunities at the UMESC.
  • 3. USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan54The Planning TriangleWhy?MissionWho?VisitorWhat?ResourcesInterpretiveMasterPlanWhere?When?How? Our media plans are based off of an organized triangle that asks 3 questions that will unifyour conceptual plan for our site: The Why? (our mission for the site), the Who? (who are the visitors,what do they hope to gain), and the What? (the site and its aspirations). These three components willallow our team to develop a media plan that will stimulate our visitor’s emotionally, intellectuallyand behaviorally to actively engage in the experience that the Upper Midwest Environmental ScienceCenter wants to provide for the public. We hope to catalyze the involvement of the visitor usingthe Upper Midwest Environmental Center combined with the developed media as a channel forrealization that the environment is an intricate part of the public’s life.Planning Triangle continuedWhy? Mission: We are using this part of the triangle to discover the intentions of our chosen organization, and thereason that it exists. Questions such as: Who are we? (referring to our team and the organization), whatdo we do?, who do we do it for?, and why do we do it?, are all questions that this section of the trianglerepresent. Meeting with the USGS center and discovering the qualities and components of them will helpform these questions. Who? Visitor: Next, is the section for which the facility works with, the public. Understanding the visitor’s needsand wants when visiting the UMESC and what they hope to experience or accomplish will help the facilityto gain access to how we can conform to their anticipated outcomes. The visitor is a vital component in thetriangle as well as for the well-being and stability for the facility.What? The Site: The UMESC is the medium by which the visitor can make their emotional, intellectual and behavioralconnections to their environment. With the right components to aid them in the own personal enlightenmentwith themselves and their surroundings, the various sites at the facility will facilitate these connections withthe use of media and connectedness. We will integrate our own knowledge into these sites to accomplish thisgoal. These three components, the why, who and what will form a conceptual plan that will hopefully beused at the environmental center to bestow the knowledge of the natural world to the public, and stimulatemore people to act in regards to it.Planning Triangle Photograph Citation:Gross, M. & Zimmerman, R. (2002). Interpretive Centers: The history, design and developmentof nature and visitor centers. Stevens Point, WI: UW-SP Foundation Press, Inc.
  • 4. USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan76Mission and Goals U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Mission The USGS serves the Nation by providing reliable scientific information to describe and understand the Earth; minimize loss of life and property from natural disasters; manage water, biological, energy, and mineral resources; and enhance and protect our quality of life USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Science Center (UMESC) Mission Our science communication philosophy is to better inform the local and regional public of USGS science programs, to provide hands-on science opportunities for a diversity of youth, and to engage the Center as a strong partner in the community Purpose The purpose of this media project is to create a series of visual media that will enhance the educational resources already in place at the facilities. The UMESC already has in existence a front lobby visitor center area, a trail system, Outdoor Classroom, and a series of pre-set tours for student and civic groups. Our main goals are to enhance the trail system and Outdoor Classroom by creating a series of unified trail signs and trailhead kiosks for each ecosystem that the trail passes through as well as by implementing more hands-on activities at these sites.Audience The current audience that attends this site includes a wide diversity of visitors, fromKindergarten to 99 year olds, including families, politicians, and professionals. Peak visitation isspring through fall. The primary source of interest at this site is learning about the environmentand the Mississippi River. The client has expressed interest in targeting teachers, students, andfamilies for the outdoor classroom and trail network already established on the property (Hines,2012). This facility uses a variety of science techniques to conduct and implement researchpractices to restore and protect ecosystems which will ultimately improve human quality of life(UMESC, 2012). As of 2010 the population of La Crosse County was 114, 638. A majority of thispopulation (62%) are family households with children being under 18 years old (30%). Theaverage family size is three. The majority of this population (32%) has a high school degree orhas some college experience with no degree (22%). The population enrolled in school has thehighest densities in college or graduate students (38%), elementary students grades 1-8 (35%),and high school students (18%). Kindergarten and preschool are the lowest demographic (4%)(2012, Census). As of 2000 the population for the city of La Crosse was 51,638, of this there were10,787 children. The city census had many similarities with the county census which includeda majority of this population having a high school degree (32%) or some college experiencewithout attaining a degree (23%). Similar to the county census the city of La Crosse populationhas a high degree of college or graduate students (56%), elementary students (23%), and highschool students (13%). A small percentage of the population (16%) is under 18 years old (2012,Census). Potential audiences include college students at the local University of Wisconsin-LaCrosse and high school students at the Central High School which make up a large demographicin the county and city of La Crosse (2012, Census). This site could provide these demographicswith classroom applications as well as demonstrate future job possibilities in the field of scienceand research.
  • 5. USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan98ResourcesSite Resources - NaturalSand Prairie This section of sand prairie habitat is located in front of the building and includes: a walking trail (0.10Mile), kiosk, and some plant identification signage. Potential new or replacement interpretive media forthis area would include replacement plant identification on the trail and the replacement of current signageon the kiosk. This area is the primary point for many groups visiting and could potentially be used as thestarting point for a theme/puzzle throughout the trails.Savanna Prairie The section of savanna prairie habitat is located behind the main building and includes: a walkingtrail (0.10 Mile) and some existing plant identification signage. Potential new or replacement interpretivemedia for this area would include replacement plant identification on the trail. It was indicated that thisarea needed some form of additional signage to encourage movement through the area and potentially atrail header.Oak Savanna The section of oak savanna habitat is located behind the main building and includes: a walking trail(0.13 Mile) and some existing plant identification signage. Potential new or replacement interpretivemedia for this area would include replacement plant identification on the trail. It was indicated that thisarea needed some form of additional signage to encourage movement through the area and potentially atrail header as well.Floodplain Forest The section of floodplain forest habitat is located directly behind the main building and includes:a walking trail (0.15 Mile), kiosk, and some existing plant signage. Potential new or replacementinterpretive media for this area would include replacement plant identification signs on the trail and kiosksignage replacement.Backwater River The section of backwater river habitat is located behind the main building. It has an OutdoorClassroom on a long, wooden dock. The Outdoor Classroom contains: learning stations consisting ofboxes filled with educational materials and a floating area utilized in water sampling for educationalpurposes. The area shares a kiosk with the floodplain forest area. There is some existing signage in thearea around the dock. Potential new or replacement interpretive media for this area would include newsignage for the inside lid of the educational boxes, replacement of existing signage around the area, andalso a kiosk signage replacement.Site Resources - Main BuildingFoyer Displays A foyer is located immediately upon entering the building and contains many displays that show theinteraction between scientific research and understanding the natural world. These displays contain vastamounts of interpretive media in varying forms including, but not limited to: posters, stickers, pamphlets,paintings, handouts, and displays. Potential new or replacement interpretive media for this area wouldinclude replacing current signage and displays and new signage.Amphibians/Reptiles The main building contains amphibians and reptiles year round, including the Upper MidwestEnvironmental Sciences Center mascot. No signage was present at the time of the visit. Potential new orreplacement interpretive media for this area would include new signage.Rearing Area This rearing area is used to raise and store freshwater fish. It contains many native fish to the Midwest,fish ages vary from roe to 17 year old lake sturgeon. Primary signage consists of warnings to visitors aboutconduct and contamination, also fish identification signage. Potential new or replacement interpretivemedia for this area would include replacing current signage and new signage.Project Resources continued
  • 6. USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan1110Project Resources continuedInvasive and Exotic Species Area This area, sealed off from the rest of the water supply, is used for experiments and testing on invasiveand exotic species. The area contains carp and other invasive species. Primary signage consists of conductand contamination warnings. Potential new or replacement interpretive media for this area would includereplacing current signage and new signage.Conference Room This area is located in the main building. It is currently utilized for varying activities includingmeetings, speakers, and large presentations. This main entry area contains a large empty alcove. Potentialnew or replacement interpretive media for this area would include new signage for the alcove.ThemesPrimary ThemeThe USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Science Center utilizes its research into ecologicaldiverse habitats to show people the importance of the natural environment to Midwesternsociety. Sub-themes1. Prairies Prairies provide a variety of important ecological characteristics which include food for many species of birds and small mammals as well as food and medicine for humans.2. Oak Savanna The oak savanna is a highly diminished ecosystem that connects prairie and forest environments providing bountiful opportunities for food and shelter for animals, and a unique mixture of different plant species.3. Floodplain Forest The floodplains shelter and embrace many species that depend on its aquatic and terrestrial vegetation, and provides protection against the threat of floods and water table contamination.4. Outdoor Classroom/Dock The outdoor classroom/dock offers a glimpse into the aquatic world; backwater areas contain many different aquatic, amphibious, and terrestrial species due to the shelter and forage provided.
  • 7. USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan1312Conceptual Media Designs Environmental Interpretive Trails (Created by Ryan Miller) Purpose: This pamphlet will inform visitors about the trail system on site. It will provide assistance with navigation and help provide a take-home message. The pamphlet will also provide a fun scavenger hunt activity for children. Description: This pamphlet is the primary unifying piece that ties the individual trails into one complete system. The intended distribution sites for this pamphlet is where visitors are greeted or at the sand prairie kiosk. The pamphlet contains a “USGS Junior Scientist” scavenger hunt area that is used for acquiring rubbings from trail signs on each trail. The front page will contain a modified logo for the educational series, and fonts used throughout the system. The two foldouts with the front page will contain an up dated map of the site and trails along with info, hours, and acknowledgments. The interior of the pamphlet will contain the loop that will be used to track progress through the trail system. This “loop” will be divided into 5 sections (one per trail) used for the rubbings. The coloration of each area will match the new colors of the trail map and will be used throughout to continue unity. Each of the trails will have two locations where rubbings are provided, these are to be raised circles approximately 2 inches in diameter with a fitting image for the trail cut into them. Objectives: Intellectual: Visitors will enjoy an increased awareness of all the locations of trails. Emotional: Visitors will feel secure in location and direction which will increase enjoyment. Behavioral: Visitors will continue and finish all of the trails. Sand Prairie Panels (Created by Cortney Adair) Sand Prairies: An Abundance of Life Purpose: This panel will draw the visitor’s attention to the variety of life that exists within a sand prairie and generally goes overlooked. It will show a small sample of the different types of plants and animals commonly seen. Description: This panel will be approximately 4’X 3’ (which is the printing size that can be accommodated at the facilities) and will take up the space on one side of the kiosk panel already in existence on the site. The Panel will show a scene from a sand prairie with magnified plants and animals that can possibly be seen in the prairie. Each plant or animal will have a small text box that gives some information about the species. A larger text box beneath the title will give more general information about sand prairie flora and fauna in general as well as a general description of the habitat. Each text box for the image pop outs will be slightly opaque with the plant or animal partially over the box so that the text wraps around the picture. The rubbing will be located in the bottom right corner. Objectives: Intellectual: Visitors will learn that there is an abundance of life that can be found within a prairie. Emotional: Visitors will be fascinated by the amount of animals that can be found in such a simple looking habitat. Behavioral: Visitors will look for birds, insects and snakes in the grasses of the prairie as well as take a closer look at the plants to see if they can identify them Themes: Sub-theme 1
  • 8. USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan1514 Fire! Fire! Fire! Purpose: This panel will show visitors the importance of disturbance to prairie habitats and the connection between disturbance and diversity. Description: This panel will be 2’ X 1’ in size and will be located on the opposite side of the kiosk alongside other pre-existing panels. The panel will discuss the importance of fire as a disturbance that helps maintain a healthy prairie habitat. The background image will be of a prairie on fire. Three large pictures will be placed over the background, they will contain a sequence of events showing a prescribed burn and how it looks before and after the burn. There will be a text box grouped with the picture located just below each one. The pictures and text boxes will have a unified stroke that frames them both to connect them visually together. The text box itself will be filled with a slightly opaque color to be determined. Beneath the title will be a text box with no fill that briefly discusses the importance of disturbance. In the white space between the other pictures will be other small, non-filled text boxes that add little bits of information about the topic as well. The rubbing will be placed in the bottom right corner as well. Objectives: Intellectual: Visitors will understand that sand prairies require periodic disturbance such as fire to remain healthy. Emotional: Visitors will be fascinated by the idea that prairies thrive after a fire, which is normally thought to be a devastating natural disaster. Behavioral: Visitors will look for signs of disturbance in the prairie. Themes: Sub-theme 1Savanna Prairie Panels (Created by Christine Kuhn) Abundance of Life and Beauty Purpose: This panel will show that there are an abundance of birds and small mammals thriving in prairies. Description: This sign will consist of a large picture of a prairie in the background. In the foreground there will be a variety of pictures including flowering prairie plants, wildlife, and birds. There will be text boxes accompanying these pictures which will detail how the prairie is vital for survival. The unifying themes will also be present in this sign: the rubbing in the lower right of the sign and title format at the top of the sign. This sign will be located at the beginning of the Savanna Prairie trail and suggested size is 2’ by 3’. Objectives: Intellectual: Visitors will discover how small mammals and birds forage and create shelter in this ecosystem. Emotional: Visitors will gain awareness for the high amount of importance place upon prairies. Behavioral: Visitors will wonder how to create their own prairies and wonder about prairies found in their communities. Visitors will also look for the abundance of wildlife in the prairie. Themes: Sub-theme 1
  • 9. USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan1716 Human Reliance on Plentiful Prairies Purpose: This panel will show that prairies are important ecological systems for humans. Description: This sign will also consist of a large picture of a prairie in the background. The flowering prairie plants, animals, and birds will also be in the foreground again. There will be text boxes next to these pictures and these text boxes will contain how humans relied on the organisms with prairies. The unifying themes will also be present in this sign: the rubbing in the lower right of the sign and title format at the top of the sign. This sign will be located at the end of the Savanna Prairie trail and the suggested size is 2’ by 3’. Objectives: Intellectual: Visitors will discover how humans have historically and currently benefit from a healthy prairie. Emotional: Visitors will be surprised at how influential prairies used to be and continue to be. Behavioral: Visitors will wonder how to create their own prairies and wonder about prairies found in their communities. Visitors will also look for the wealth of food and medicine in the prairie. Themes: Sub-theme 1Oak Savanna Panels (Created Patrick Otero) Oak Savannas, the Last Stronghold Purpose: This sign will educate the visitors about the near complete loss of oak savanna habitat in the upper Midwest region and show the reasons for this loss. Description: The panel will have a unified header along with all of the other panels being put together for this project. This panel will have a picture of a Burr Oak in the background. It will have text boxes about how oak savannas were formed, what their importance is, and why there is much less of them. It will also have a before and after picture of areas in the Midwest that had previously been oak savanna habitat versus current oak savanna habitat. It will be located as an independant sign on the trail. Objectives: Intellectual: Visitors will learn that currently the amount of oak savanna acreage in the upper Midwest region is a miniscule fraction from what it was in pre-settlement times, and why the loss of oak savannas has occurred. Emotional: Visitors will be concerned about the near complete degradation of an important native habitat type. Behavioral: Visitors will try to see some of the different animal species highlighted on the panel. Themes: Sub-theme 2
  • 10. USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan1918 Animals of the Oak Savanna Purpose: This panel will inform the visitors about the abundant wildlife that live and benefit from the unique transitional zones that oak savannas provide. Description: The panel will have a unified header along with the other panels. The panel will have a picture of an oak savanna in the background. It will have convey why oak savannas are important to different animal species for food and shelter. It will also have text boxes with pictures about some of the wildlife that can be seen in an oak savanna. It will be located as an independant sign on the trail. Objectives: Intellectual: Visitors will learn about different wildlife species that use the oak savannas for survival, and why it is good habitat for them. Emotional: Visitors will relate to the different animal species that use the oak savanna for their survival necessities. Behavioral: Visitors will try to see some of the different animal species highlighted on the panel. Themes: Sub-theme 2Floodplain Forest Panels (Created by Christopher Rada) In the Air and Down Below Purpose: This panel will enable visitors to embrace and understand an ecosystem that defends our lifestyles and to widen the horizons of those who seek nature for their personal intellect, curiosity and well-being. Description: This panel will be placed in an easily accessible area at the start of the floodplain area overlooking the water to land interface. The panel will be halved horizontally to show creatures in the air and on the ground, as well as some of the biotic factors that are not visible with the naked eye. Objectives: Intellectual: Visitors will learn about different species that inhabit the floodplain, as well as gain knowledge about flood control and water purification processes. Emotional: Visitors will perceive the connection between the floodplain and their personal and environmental resources, and acknowledge the sustainment of these areas. Behavioral: Visitors will see the landscape and contemplate how the floodplain and other ecosystems service their ways of life. Themes: Sub-theme 3
  • 11. USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan2120 Land Structure and Protection Purpose: This panel will show each visitor the vast array of wildlife that exists in the air as well as on the land. It will also help them to gain an appreciation for the dependency of these organisms to the floodplains and the floodplains to the creatures. Description: This panel will be placed in an area of the path with a better view of aquatic and aerial life that visits the area. The panel will show how soil, tree physiology and geologic formations act as filter in the protection of our water table, and have water storing capabilities that protect our homes and environments. Objectives: Intellectual: Visitors will attain knowledge about migratory birds/seasonal birds, and learn about biotic dependency of life of the floodplains. Emotional: Visitors will feel a sense of responsibility towards the protection of migratory birds. Behavioral: Visitors will look for the diversity of wildlife and perhaps participate in conservation efforts at a later point. Themes: Sub-theme 3Outdoor Classroom/Dock Panels (Created by Ryan Miller) The World Underwater Purpose: This panel will allow visitors to make discoveries about the many species that inhabit freshwater areas. It will show the visitor what can be under the water’s surface. Description: This panel can be placed on the kiosk at the head of the area or posted along the dock. The panel background will be underwater. This will allow the placement of pictures of species with text boxes in areas that the species would be located in. The header will be the standard for this project, USGS logo with a gradient across the entirety to the color for this section (blue). On the bottom corner a raised rubbing area will be present with the logo for the dock/outdoor classroom trail. Objectives: Intellectual: Visitors will attain knowledge about species that use freshwater areas. Emotional: Visitors will begin to reevalute their values. Behavioral: Visitors will modify their behavior because of knowledge of the ecosystem. Themes: Sub-theme 4
  • 12. USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan2322Outdoor Classroom/Dock Panels A Waterfull World Purpose: This panel will invite the visitor to gain a deeper understanding of water and its importance to life for all species. Description: Sign panel background of people enjoying watersports. It will contain a unified header using the project standard at top. The raised area for rubbings will be located in the lower right corner of the panel. A picture of the Great Lakes with text box will be included. Other pictures pertaining to freshwater will be used along with textboxes to inform visitors. Objectives: Intellectual: Visitors will gain knowledge about freshwater facts and its importance. Emotional: Visitors will be surprised to learn how their water usage practices might be harming water quality. Behavioral: Visitors will understand and stop harmful or wasteful water practices. Themes: Sub-theme 4RecommendationsMaterials and Cost analysis. Due to the capabilities the UMESC has on site to print items, we will not be including the pamphlet in this analysis.Signage: 9 panels at 24x36 in. = 54 sq. foot of printing. 1 panel at 36x48 in. = 12 sq. foot of printing.Support Stands: Are to be rough wood with a weatherproof box to hold rubbing materials. Cost will be based on number of posts; this is expected to varyRubbing Circles: This will depend on if the actual rubbing circles are used or a stamp system is utilized two recommendations will be presented for these situations. If using actual rubbing areas, a high density resin/ plastic or metal slug 2 inches in diameter should be etched into the emblem for each trail area. This is to be attached over the location indicated on each sign. This will allow the use of charcoal or chalk to be rubbed across the raised area leaving an emblem on the pamphlet. Using the circles for stamp blanks is an additional option. If a stamp system is utilized the weatherproof boxes on the signage legs would not be needed, however there would be additional interaction needed with each visitor. 2 rubbing circles per trail, with a different emblem for each trail bring the total to ten (10) raised areas. Material Recommendations Due to the large amount of sunlight that will be present on many of the signs our primary recommendation for material to use would be High Pressure Laminate of at least one-half (1/2) inch in thickness. Using this thickness would remove the need for additional framing for the signs and help keep costs low. Our secondary recommendation, due to the capabilities the UMESC has on site to print items and laminate would be to print and laminate them as needed. However additional sign backing will be needed if this is the chosen route.Costs According to current manufacturer sites an estimate of $65-$85 per foot would be appropriate for a thicknessof one-half (1/2) inch in thickness.Total Cost: 66 ft. x $65-$80 = $4290-$5280 for 1/2 in. high pressure laminate signage total estimated expense.
  • 13. USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan2524Photography Credits Sand Prairie Panels An Abundance of Life 1. Eastern Meadowlark Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://www.public-domain-image.com/fauna-animals-public-domain- images-pictures/birds-public-domain-images-pictures/western-meadow lark-bird-pictures/western-meadowlark-bird-sturnella-neglecta.jpg.html 2. Mesic Sand Prairie Source: Michigan Natural Features Inventory (DNR) http://mnfi.anr.msu.edu/communities/community.cfm?id=10696 3. Northern Harrier Source: Kevin Cole (Wikimedia Commons) http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Northern_Harrier_taking_off. jpg 4. Grasshopper Source:Piccolo Namek (Wikimedia Commons) http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:GrassHoppah.jpg 5. Meadow Vole Source: Maximus Rex (Wikimedia Commons) http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Meadvole.jpg 6. Big Bluestem Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://photogallery.nrcs.usda.gov/Detail.asp 7. Pale Purple Coneflower Source: Original photo by Christine Kuhn Photography Credits continued Sand Prairie Panels Fire! Fire! Fire! 1. Controlled Burn Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://digitalmedia.fws.gov/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/natdig lib&CISOPTR=2637&CISOBOX=1&REC=4 2. Forest of Fire Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://digitalmedia.fws.gov/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/natdig lib&CISOPTR=10701&CISOBOX=1&REC=2 3. Presribed Burn Before/After Source: William Wieler (granted permission) http://williamweilerstewardship.files.wordpress.com/2012/03/wild-fire. jpg 4. Succession Graph Source: Minnesota DNR http://files.dnr.state.mn.us/assistance/backyard/privatelandhabitat/ben efits_prescribed_burning.pdf Savanna Prairie Penels Abundance of Life and Beauty 1. Bobolink Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://digitalmedia.fws.gov/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/natdig lib&CISOPTR=4382&CISOBOX=1&REC=1 2. Lined Ground Squirrel Source: Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Spermophilus_tridecemlinea tus_.jpg
  • 14. USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan2726Photography Credits continued 3. Indian Grass Source: U.S. EPA Great Lakes National Program http://www.epa.gov/glnpo/image/viz_native2.html 4. Butterfly Weed Source: Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Butterfly_Weed_Asclepias_tu berosa_Umbel.jpg 5. American Kestrel Source: Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Falco_sparverius_-Canadian_ Raptor_Conservancy,_Canada_-flying-8a.jpg 6. Grass and Butterfly Rubbing Source: Original photo by Cortney Adair 7. Wisconsin Prairie Source: Original photo by Cortney Adair Human Reliance on Plentiful Prairies 1. Flower Walk Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://digitalmedia.fws.gov/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/natdig lib&CISOPTR=9859&DMSCALE=100&DMWIDTH=700&DMHE IGHT=700&DMX=1958&DMY=974&DMMODE=viewer&DMTE XT=%20prairie&REC=12&DMTHUMB=0&DMROTATE=0 2. Flowers of White Wild Indigo Source: Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Baptisia_alba_MLA.jpgPhotography Credits continued 3. Sandhill Crane Source: Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Grus_canadensis_-Sacramen to_River_National_Wildlife_Refuge,_Dayton,_California,_USA_-fly ing-8.jpg 4. Prairie Chicken Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://digitalmedia.fws.gov/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/natdig lib&CISOPTR=5078&CISOBOX=1&REC=1 5. Yellow Coneflower Source: U.S. EPA Greak Lakes National Program http://www.epa.gov/glnpo/image/viz_native4.html 6. Rosin Weed Source: U.S. EPA Greak Lakes National Program http://www.epa.gov/glnpo/image/viz_native3.html Oak Savanna Panels Oak Savannas: The Last Stronghold 1. Pileated Woodpecker Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://digitalmedia.fws.gov/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/natdig lib&CISOPTR=14174&CISOBOX=1&REC=8 2. Oak Savanna Range Source: Wikimedia Commons http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Upper_Midwest_Forest-Savanna_Tran sition_Zone_map.svg 3. Oak Leaf Clip Art Source: wpclipart.com (copyright free) http://www.wpclipart.com/plants/leaf/fall_leaves/oak_leaf_fall.png.html
  • 15. USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan2928Photography Credits continued 4. Oak Savanna Source: US Bureau of Land Management http://www.blm.gov/wo/st/en/bpd.html Animals of the Oak Savanna 1. Deer Clip Art Source: wpclipart.com (copyright free) http://www.wpclipart.com/animals/D/deer/deer_4.png.html 2. Wild Turkey Source: Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gall-dindi.jpg 3. White-tailed Deer Source: Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:White-tailed_Deer,_female.jpg 4. Acorn Source: Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:WikiVoc-acorn.svg 5. Red-headed Woodpecker Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://digitalmedia.fws.gov/cdm4/item_viewer.php?CISOROOT=/natdig lib&CISOPTR=395&CISOBOX=1&REC=19 6. Oak Tree Source: Wikimedia Commons http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Quercus_englmannii_sillouette. jpg Floodplain Forest Panels In the Air and Down Below 1. Four-toed Salamander Source: Michigan DNR http://www.michigan.gov/dnr/0,4570,7-153-10370_12145_12201- 61176--,00.htmlPhotography Credits continued 2. Wood Turtle Source: Michigan DNR http://www.michigan.gov/dnr/0,4570,7-153-10370_12145_12201- 33033--,00.html 3. Girl with Binoculars Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://www.public-domain-image.com/people-public-domain-images- pictures/children-kids-public-domain-images-pictures/blonde-girl- watching-with-binoculars.jpg.html 4. Man with Fishing Pole Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://www.public-domain-image.com/sport-public-domain-images-pic tures/fishing-and-hunting-public-domain-images-pictures/seasoned-fly- fisherman-fishing-in-fast-stream.jpg.html 5. Bluegill Source: MI DNR http://www.michigan.gov/dnr/0,4570,7-153-10364_18958-45644--,00. htm. 6. Warbler Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://www.public-domain-image.com/fauna-animals-public-domain- images-pictures/birds-public-domain-images-pictures/warblers-pictures/ male-prothonotary-warbler-sings-from-a-branch-protonotaria-citrea.jpg. html 7. Garter Snake Source: MI DNR http://www.michigan.gov/dnr/0,4570,7-153-10370_12145_12201- 61200--,00.html 8. Green Frog Source: MI DNR http://www.michigan.gov/dnr/0,4570,7-153-10370_12145_12201- 60117--,00.html
  • 16. USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan3130Photography Credits continued 9. Fish ID Images Source: Michigan DNR http://www.michigan.gov/documents/dnr/fish-ID_272353_7.pdf 10. Snag Source: USGS EMESC ftp://ftpext.usgs.gov/pub/er/wi/la.crosse/outreach/UWStevensPoint_In terpretiveMedia/Floodplain%20Forest/ 11. Bald Eagle Source: Michelle Buntin http://www.public-domain-image.com/fauna-animals-public-domain- images-pictures/birds-public-domain-images-pictures/eagle-birds-imag es/bald-eagle-pictures/bald-eagle-bird-haliaeetus-leucocephalus.jpg.html 12. Red-headed Woodpecker Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://www.public-domain-image.com/fauna-animals-public-domain- images-pictures/birds-public-domain-images-pictures/woodpecker-bird- pictures/red-headed-woodpecker-bird-melanerpes-erythrocephalus.jpg. Land Structure and Protection 1. How Wetlands Work Source:Westland Township http://westfieldtownshipwatchdogs.com/Floodplains101.aspx Permission: From: westfieldwatchdogs@gmail.com [westfieldwatchdogs@ gmail.com] Sent: Thursday, April 19, 2012 10:13 PM To: Rada, Christopher D Subject: Re: Media Feel free to use the graphic. However, please download it to your laptop for your personal use. We’d love your feedback on our new site when we elevate in the next couple of weeks! We give information to inform our Community about facts and issues going on in our area. Thanks for using our site for information to increase your studies! -Westfield Watchdogs Admin Photography Credits continued 2. Floodplain Forest Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://www.public-domain-image.com/nature-landscapes-public-do main-images-pictures/forest-public-domain-images-pictures/bottom land-hardwood-forest.jpg.html 3. Flooded House Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://www.public-domain-image.com/events-happenings-public-do main-images-pictures/housing-and-other-facilities-were-flooded.jpg. html 4. Tree (rubbing) Source: Dusan Bicanski http://www.public-domain-image.com/New-Free-Public-Domain-Photo graphs/slides/alone-tree-in-water.html 5. River Birch, American Elm, Prickly Ash, Jack-in-the-Pulpit and Artist’s Conch Source: USGS UMESC ftp://ftpext.usgs.gov/pub/er/wi/la.crosse/outreach/UWStevensPoint_In terpretiveMedia/Floodplain%20Forest/ 6. Silver Maple Source: WI DNR http://dnr.wi.gov/wetlands/checklist/checklist_b0306a.html 7. Green Ash Source: WI DNR http://dnr.wi.gov/wetlands/checklist/checklist_b0307a.html 8. Cottonwood Source: WI DNR http://dnr.wi.gov/wetlands/checklist/checklist_b0305a.html 9. Swamp White Oak Source: WI DNR http://dnr.wi.gov/wetlands/checklist/checklist_b0308a.html 10. Soil Structure Source: OH DNR http://www.dnr.state.oh.us/H_Nav2/Soils/OhiosSoils/Introductionto Soils/tabid/17818/Default.aspx
  • 17. USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center Interpretive Plan3332Photography Credits continued Outdoor Classroom/Dock Panels TheWorld Underwater 1. Data Table Source: USGS UMESC http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/wateruse-total.html 2. Water Treatment Source: USGS UMESC http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/qa-home-drinksafe.html 3. Water Cycle Source: USGS UMESC http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/watercycle.html 4. Rubbing Source: Original photo by Cortney Adair 5. Lily Pads Source: USGS http://fl.biology.usgs.gov/Snakehead_circ_1251/html/flyer.html A Waterfull World 1. Fish Images Source: USGS UMESC ftp://ftpext.usgs.gov/pub/er/wi/la.crosse/outreach/UWStevensPoint_In terpretiveMedia/ 2. Rubbing Source: Original photo by Cortney Adair Environmental Interpretive Trails Pamphlet 1. Original Map ftp://ftpext.usgs.gov/pub/er/wi/la.crosse/outreach/UWStevensPoint_Interpre tiveMedia/trailsBrochure.pdf Photography Credits continued 6. Mallard Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://www.public-domain-image.com/fauna-animals-public-domain- images-pictures/birds-public-domain-images-pictures/duck-mallard- pictures/close-view-of-mallard-flying-in-open-sky.jpg.html 8. Great Blue Heron Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://www.public-domain-image.com/fauna-animals-public-domain- images-pictures/birds-public-domain-images-pictures/heron-bird/great- herons/great-blue-heron-bird-ardea-herodias-flies-off-with-its-catch.jpg. html 9. Egret Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://www.public-domain-image.com/fauna-animals-public-domain-im ages-pictures/birds-public-domain-images-pictures/egret-bird-pictures/ great-egret/great-egret-bird-catching-fish-casmerodius-albus.jpg.html 10. Sandhill Crane Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://www.public-domain-image.com/fauna-animals-public-domain- images-pictures/birds-public-domain-images-pictures/cranes-pictures/ sandhill-crane/sandhill-crane-bird.jpg.html 11. Wood Duck Source: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service http://www.public-domain-image.com/fauna-animals-public-domain- images-pictures/birds-public-domain-images-pictures/duck-mallard- pictures/wood-ducks/wood-duck-male-in-water.jpg.html

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