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Alan menken

Alan menken






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    Alan menken Alan menken Presentation Transcript

    • Alan Menken
      By Adrienne Cordero, Andria Jones, Carrie Money, and Christina Gitto
    • Alan Menken Bio
      Born July 22, 1949 in Manhattan
      Began college as a pre-med student, but left to study music at NYU
      Started his career writing for Broadway shows, but became better known for his work on films
      Has been nominated for 19 Oscars and won 8 (which is more than any other living individual)
    • Oscar Nominated Film Scores
    • Oscar Winning Film Scores
    • "Songs are a very familiar vocabulary to people and I've always believed that you should be able to understand not only the feeling, but the content of the song, by just hearing the music and not even the lyrics. What you're trying to say should be that clear." -Alan Menken
    • The Little Mermaid
      By Christina Gitto
    • The Little Mermaid
      Film is an adaptation of the Hans Christian Anderson fairy-tale
      Alan Menken was a risky choice for the composer, having never composed for a film before
      He collaborated on the score with Howard Ashman (lyrics)
    • The Little Mermaid
      Most of the score is in G major (some E major), except for the darker songs which are in G minor
      Specific instruments were used to signify different characters (French Horn for King Triton, Oboe for Prince Eric, Brass for Ursula, Flute for Ariel, Clarinet for Scuttle)
      Example scene (listen for the Flute and French Horn): click here
    • The Little Mermaid
      Songs flow from the dialogue in the film
      Characters run out of words to express themselves and must do so through song (example)
      Menken brought in unique musical genres that had not been used in previous Disney films (calypso in “Under the Sea” and reggae in “Kiss the Girl”
    • The Little Mermaid
      Film won Oscars for Best Original Score and Best Original Song (1989)
      Strength of the score comes from a few different factors:
      Strong character associations
      Diverse musical styles
      Clarity of emotion (it is not always necessary to listen to the lyrics to understand the feeling behind the music)
    • Beauty and the Beast
      By Adrienne Cordero
    • Beauty And The Beast
      Based on the fairy tale La Belle et la Bête by Jeanne-Marie Le Prince de Beaumont
      Composed by Alan Menken and Howard Ashman, both composed for The Little Mermaid
      Won Academy Awards for
      Best Picture
      Best Original Score
      Best Sound
      Best Original Song for “Beauty and the Beast”
    • Beauty And The Beast
      Much of the score was written during pre-production process including the operetta-style song “Belle” played in the opening
      Songs mostly recorded live with the orchestra and voice cast performing simultaneously rather than overdubbed separately
      This style gave songs a cast album/Broadway type energy
    • Beauty And The Beast
      The score and songs retain the convincing atmosphere of magic even in darker parts of the film
      The French setting of story is recognized in the song for the film’s villain “Gaston” (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vsRDfiVP4eM) a French waltz-like piece heavy on accordion sound.
    • Beauty And The Beast
      Instead of using the Celine Dion and PeaboByson pop version of “Beauty and the Beast” the version used was sung by Mrs. Potts voiced by Angela Landsbury
      This version keeps in theme with the characters singing the songs and lends a sweet personal touch to the scene (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5yJnvv_R2rk&feature=related)
    • Enchanted
      By Carrie Money
    • Enchanted
      Alan Menken was nominated for an Oscar 2007 for Enchanted
      He collaborated on the score with Stephen Schwartz who write the lyrics to six of the songs Menken composed
      Menken and Schwartz also worked together for Hunchback of Notre Dame and Pocahontas
    • Enchanted
      Menken and Schwartz found it was easier to just have the characters burst into song which is different than other Disney movies.
      The three songs Giselle (main character) sings contain references to earlier Disney films, Menken wanted to pay homage to earlier Disney musicals
    • Enchanted
      “That’s How You Know” is a self-parody of Menken’s compositions for his Disney features, specifically such big numbers as “Under the Sea” (Little Mermaid)
      (That’s How You Know)
    • Enchanted
      Menken admits his Disney songs are always “a little tongue-in-cheek”
      As the film progresses, Menken let the music get a little more contemporary, with music such as “So Close” and “Ever Ever After”
      (Ever Ever After)
    • Tangled
      By Andria Jones
    • Tangled
      • Original music was composed for the movie by 8-time Academy Award winner Composer Alan Menken with lyrics written by Glenn Slater. Menken said he attempted to blend medieval music with 1960s folk rock to create the new songs.
    • Tangled
      “I trust that at the end of the day, people who enjoy musicals will realize what Tangled really is.”
    • Tangled
      “A few moments into "Tangled," a would-be princess breaks into song. Yet there's no orchestra and no singing squirrels, and "When Will My Life Begin?" is many moons removed from the typical grand, sweeping musical prologue that serves as curtain-raiser for most animated kids movies.”
      Rapunzel’s long-haired, freedom-dreamin’ heroine inspired Menken to incorporate the 1970s folk rock sound of Joni Mitchell​ and Cat Stevens for her music.
    • The End!