English grammar


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English grammar

  1. 1. English Grammar<br />
  2. 2. Articles <br />for more information click here http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/adjectives-determiners-the-a-an.htm<br />We use "definite" to mean sure, certain. "Definite" is particular.We use "indefinite" to mean not sure, not certain. "Indefinite" is general.<br />
  3. 3. May<br />1.We can use 'may' to ask for permission. However this is rather formal and not used very often in modern spoken English<br />May I borrow your pen?<br />May we think about it?<br />May I go now?<br />2.We use 'may' to suggest something is possible<br />It may rain later today.<br />I may not have time to do it today.<br />Pete may come with us<br />
  4. 4. Might ( exercises click herehttp://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/maymight/menu.php)<br />1.We use 'might' to suggest a small possibility of something. Often we read that 'might' suggests a smaller possibility that 'may', there is in fact little difference and 'might is more usual than 'may' in spoken English.<br />She might be at home by now but it's not sure at all.<br />It might rain this afternoon.<br />I might not have time to go to the shops for you.<br />I might not go.<br />2.For the past, we use 'might have'.<br />He might have tried to call while I was out.<br />I might have dropped it in the street.<br />
  5. 5. Conjunctions<br />Conjunctions have three basic forms:<br />Single Word<br />for example: and, but, because, although<br />Compound (often ending with as or that)<br />for example: provided that, as long as, in order that<br />Correlative (surrounding an adverb or adjective)<br />for example: so...that<br />
  6. 6. Latin Expressions in EnglishLatin words and phrases are widely used in English as scientific terms in medicine, biology, law, logic, philosophy and other sciences. But many Latin expressions are familiar and understandable to the general reader. The list below shows common Latin expressions, abbreviations and sayings.(http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/maymight/menu.php)<br />
  7. 7. Pronounsare small words that take the place of a noun. We can use a pronoun instead of a noun. Pronouns are words like: he, you, ours, themselves, some, each... If we didn't have pronouns, we would have to repeat a lot of nouns. We would have to say things like:Do you like the president? I don't like the president. The president is too pompous.With pronouns, we can say:Do you like the president? I don't like him. He is too pompous.<br />
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  9. 9. Present perfect<br />We use the present perfect when we want to look back from the present to the past.<br />When we look back on the recent past, we often use the words 'just' 'already' or the word 'yet' (in negatives and questions only).<br />It can also be used to look back on the more distant past.<br />When we look back on the more distant past, we often use the words 'ever' (in questions) and 'never'.<br />To do exercises click here http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/presentperfect/menu.php<br />Still make mistakes when you need to choose SINCE or FOR?<br />Click here http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dVvRXsWj93o<br /> There will be no more mistakes! <br />
  10. 10. NOUNS<br />Drinks (coffee, water, orange juice) are usually uncountable. But if we are thinking of a cup or a glass, we can say (in a restaurant, for example): <br />Two teas and one coffee please.<br />Nouns that can be Countable and Uncountable <br />click herehttp://www.englishclub.com/grammar/nouns-un-countable_3.htm<br />
  11. 11. Punctuation<br /> To know all the Punctuation Marks you shoul go there!<br />http://www.englishclub.com/writing/punctuation.htm<br />Punctuation is the system of symbols (. , ! - : etc) that we use to separate sentences and parts of sentences, and to make their meaning clear. Each symbol is called a "punctuation mark".<br />The Value of Punctuation<br />An English teacher wrote these words on the board: <br />woman without her man is nothing<br />The teacher then asked the students to punctuate the words correctly. The men wrote the top line. The women wrote the bottom line.<br />