Grammar book cc

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Grammar book, linares 1st SP3

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Grammar book cc

  1. 1. Grammar Book<br />Cristina Coleman<br />1st period<br />
  2. 2. Table of Contents!<br />1. Present Tense (ar/er/ir)<br />2 Stem Changers<br />3 Irregular ‘yo’ verbs ?<br />4 Saber vs. Conocer<br />5 Reflexives<br />6 ‘Se’ impersonal<br />7 Dipthongs with accents ?<br />8 Verbs Like ger/gir, uir/guir, cer/cir<br />9 Hace + time + que + presente/preterite<br />10. Imperfecto<br />11. Preterite (car/gar/zar, Spock, cucaracha, snake(y))<br />
  3. 3. Presente -ar, -er, -ir<br />-ar<br /> oasaamosáisan<br />-er<br />oeseemoséisen<br />I<br />You<br />He/She/It<br />We<br />Them<br />You all<br />-ir<br />oeseimosísen<br />
  4. 4. Stem changers<br />Stem changing verbs change inside the boot.<br />e -> ie Perder -> Pierdo<br />e -> i Pedir -> Pido<br />o -> ue Dormir -> Duermo<br />u -> ue Jugar -> Juego<br />
  5. 5. Irregulars -go, -zco, -oy<br />-Go<br />Oigo (oir)<br />Hago (hacer)<br />Pongo (poner)<br />-Zco<br />(cer/cir)<br />Conozco (conocer)<br />Conducir<br />Producir<br />-Oy<br />Ser<br />Estar<br />Dar<br />Ver<br />Saber<br />
  6. 6. Saber vs. Conocer<br />Saber is used when you know facts.<br />- Names of books, music, titles, etc.<br />Conocer is used when you know people.<br />- Names, families, etc.<br />
  7. 7. reflexives<br />Me<br />Te<br />Se<br />Nos<br />Os<br />Se<br /> These can hook onto infinitives.<br /> “El tienequelavarse.”<br />
  8. 8. 'se' impersonal<br />Se + verb(in 3rd person singular) + singular direct object <br />Ejemple: Se hablainglés en Inglaterra.<br />Se + verb (in 3rd person plural) + plural direct object<br />Ejemple: Se vendenzapatos en laszapaterías.<br />
  9. 9. Ser vs. Estar<br />SER<br />‘ser’ refers to a permanent condition, mood, or physical characteristic. <br />Conjugations:<br />Soy<br />Eres<br />Es<br />Somos<br />Son<br />“Me llamo Cristina! Soy de Atlanta.”<br />“El chicoesmuyestupido.”<br />Estar<br />‘estar’ refers to a temporary condition, mood, or physical appearance.<br />Conjugations:<br />Estoy<br />Estás<br />Está<br />Estámos<br />Están<br />“Estoymuycansado.” <br />“Lorena estáhumilde y simpatica.”<br />
  10. 10. Dipthongs with accents<br />These are in the present tense.<br />Work on this one!!!!!<br />
  11. 11. hace + time + que + present tense<br />
  12. 12. verbs like -uir/-guir,  -cer/-cir,  -ger/gir<br />uir/guir: in present tense, verbs ending in –uir have a ‘y’ except for ‘nos’ and ‘vos’. <br />Constuyo<br />Construyes<br />Construye<br />Construimos<br />Construis<br />Construyen<br />Ger-Gir<br />In present tense, ‘yo’ switches from ‘g’ to ‘j’.<br />Cojo<br />Coges<br />Coge<br />Cogemos<br />Cogeis<br />Cogen<br />
  13. 13. Imperfecto!<br />Imperfecto is a form of past-tense.<br />-AR imperfect. <br />Aba<br />Ábamos<br />Abas<br />Abais<br />Aba<br />Aban<br />-ER/IR Imperfect<br />Ía<br />íamos<br />Ías<br />ías<br />Ía<br />Ían<br />
  14. 14. Preterite : car/gar/zar<br />Car<br />Qué<br />Aste<br />Ó<br />Amos<br />Asteis<br />Aron<br />Gar<br />Gué<br />Gaste<br />Ó<br />Amos<br />Asteis<br />Aron<br />Zar<br />Cé<br />Aste<br />Ó<br />Amos<br />Asteis<br />Aron<br />
  15. 15. Preterite: Spock Verbs<br />Ir/Ser<br />Fui<br />Fuiste<br />Fue<br />Fuimos<br />Fueron<br />Dar/Ver<br />D/V I<br />D/V iste<br />D/V io<br />D/V imos<br />D/V ieron<br />Hacer<br />Hice<br />Hiciste<br />Hizo<br />Hicimos<br />Hicieron<br />
  16. 16. Preterite: Cucaracha<br />-é<br />-iste<br />-o<br />-imos<br />-ieron<br />-(“I” verbs -i)<br />Andar : anduv-<br />Estar : estv-<br />Poder : pud-<br />Poder : Pus-<br />Querer : Quis-<br />Saber : Sup-<br />Tener : Tuv-<br />Venir : vin-<br />Conducir : conduj-<br />Producir : produj-<br />Traducir : traduj-<br />Decir : dij-<br />Traer : traj-<br />
  17. 17. Preterite: Snakes & Snakey<br />Snakes and Snakeys are in the past tense. <br />

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