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  • 1. Grammar Book Cristina Coleman 1st period
  • 2. Table of Contents!1. Present Tense (ar/er/ir)2 Stem Changers3 Irregular „yo‟ verbs ?4 Saber vs. Conocer5 Reflexives6 „Se‟ impersonal7 Dipthongs with accents ?8 Verbs Like ger/gir, uir/guir, cer/cir9 Hace + time + que + presente/preterite10. Imperfecto11. Preterite (car/gar/zar, Spock, cucaracha, snake(y))12. Comparatives13. Superlatives
  • 3. Presente -ar, -er, -ir-ar -er Io o -iras o You esa es He/She/It eamos e We emosáis imos Them éisan ís en You all en
  • 4. Stem changers• Stem changing verbs change inside the boot. e -> ie Perder -> Pierdo e -> i Pedir -> Pido o -> ue Dormir -> Duermo u -> ue Jugar -> Juego
  • 5. Irregulars -go, -zco, -oy-Go -Zco -Oy Ser Oigo (oir) (cer/cir) Estar Hago (hacer) Conozco (conocer) Dar Pongo (poner) Conducir Ver Producir Saber
  • 6. Saber vs. ConocerSaber is used when you know facts. - Names of books, music, titles, etc.Conocer is used when you know people. - Names, families, etc.
  • 7. reflexives• Me• Te• Se• Nos• Os• Se These can hook onto infinitives. “El tiene que lavarse.”
  • 8. se impersonalSe + verb (in 3rd person singular) + singular direct object Ejemple: Se habla inglés en Inglaterra.Se + verb (in 3rd person plural) + plural direct object Ejemple: Se venden zapatos en las zapaterías.
  • 9. Ser vs. Estar SER Estar ‘ser’ refers to a permanent ‘estar’ refers to a temporary condition, mood, or physical condition, mood, or physical characteristic. appearance. Conjugations:Conjugations: SoyEstoy EresEstás EsEstá SomosEstámos SonEstán“Me llamo Cristina! Soy de Atlanta.” “Estoy muy cansado.”“El chico es muy estupido.” “Lorena estáhumilde y simpatica.”
  • 10. Dipthongs with accents• These are in the present tense.•Work on this one!!!!!
  • 11. hace + time + que + present tense
  • 12. verbs like -uir/-guir, -cer/-cir, -ger/gir• uir/guir: in present tense, verbs ending in –uir have a ‘y’ except for ‘nos’ and ‘vos’. Constuyo Construyes Construye Construimos Construis Construyen Ger-Gir In present tense, ‘yo’ switches from ‘g’ to ‘j’. Cojo Coges Coge Cogemos Cogeis Cogen
  • 13. Imperfecto!• Imperfecto is a form of past-tense.• -AR imperfect. • -ER/IR Imperfect• Aba • Ía• Ábamos • íamos• Abas • Ías• Abais • ías• Aba • Ía• Aban • Ían
  • 14. Preterite : car/gar/zarCar Gar ZarQué Gué CéAste Gaste AsteÓ Ó ÓAmos Amos AmosAsteis Asteis AsteisAron Aron Aron
  • 15. Preterite: Spock VerbsIr/Ser Dar/Ver HacerFui D/V I HiceFuiste D/V iste HicisteFue D/V io HizoFuimos D/V imos HicimosFueron D/V ieron Hicieron
  • 16. Preterite: Cucaracha-é Andar : anduv--iste Estar : estv- Poder : pud--o Poder : Pus--imos Querer : Quis- Saber : Sup--ieron Tener : Tuv--(“I” verbs -i) Venir : vin- Conducir : conduj- Producir : produj- Traducir : traduj- Decir : dij- Traer : traj-
  • 17. Preterite: Snakes & Snakey• Snakes and Snakeys are in the past tense.
  • 18. Comparativesused to compare one thing to another.
  • 19. Superlatives