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Grammar book cc
Grammar book cc
Grammar book cc
Grammar book cc
Grammar book cc
Grammar book cc
Grammar book cc
Grammar book cc
Grammar book cc
Grammar book cc
Grammar book cc
Grammar book cc
Grammar book cc
Grammar book cc
Grammar book cc
Grammar book cc
Grammar book cc
Grammar book cc
Grammar book cc
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Grammar book cc

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  • 1. Grammar Book Cristina Coleman 1st period
  • 2. Table of Contents!1. Present Tense (ar/er/ir)2 Stem Changers3 Irregular „yo‟ verbs ?4 Saber vs. Conocer5 Reflexives6 „Se‟ impersonal7 Dipthongs with accents ?8 Verbs Like ger/gir, uir/guir, cer/cir9 Hace + time + que + presente/preterite10. Imperfecto11. Preterite (car/gar/zar, Spock, cucaracha, snake(y))12. Comparatives13. Superlatives
  • 3. Presente -ar, -er, -ir-ar -er Io o -iras o You esa es He/She/It eamos e We emosáis imos Them éisan ís en You all en
  • 4. Stem changers• Stem changing verbs change inside the boot. e -> ie Perder -> Pierdo e -> i Pedir -> Pido o -> ue Dormir -> Duermo u -> ue Jugar -> Juego
  • 5. Irregulars -go, -zco, -oy-Go -Zco -Oy Ser Oigo (oir) (cer/cir) Estar Hago (hacer) Conozco (conocer) Dar Pongo (poner) Conducir Ver Producir Saber
  • 6. Saber vs. ConocerSaber is used when you know facts. - Names of books, music, titles, etc.Conocer is used when you know people. - Names, families, etc.
  • 7. reflexives• Me• Te• Se• Nos• Os• Se These can hook onto infinitives. “El tiene que lavarse.”
  • 8. se impersonalSe + verb (in 3rd person singular) + singular direct object Ejemple: Se habla inglés en Inglaterra.Se + verb (in 3rd person plural) + plural direct object Ejemple: Se venden zapatos en las zapaterías.
  • 9. Ser vs. Estar SER Estar ‘ser’ refers to a permanent ‘estar’ refers to a temporary condition, mood, or physical condition, mood, or physical characteristic. appearance. Conjugations:Conjugations: SoyEstoy EresEstás EsEstá SomosEstámos SonEstán“Me llamo Cristina! Soy de Atlanta.” “Estoy muy cansado.”“El chico es muy estupido.” “Lorena estáhumilde y simpatica.”
  • 10. Dipthongs with accents• These are in the present tense.•Work on this one!!!!!
  • 11. hace + time + que + present tense
  • 12. verbs like -uir/-guir, -cer/-cir, -ger/gir• uir/guir: in present tense, verbs ending in –uir have a ‘y’ except for ‘nos’ and ‘vos’. Constuyo Construyes Construye Construimos Construis Construyen Ger-Gir In present tense, ‘yo’ switches from ‘g’ to ‘j’. Cojo Coges Coge Cogemos Cogeis Cogen
  • 13. Imperfecto!• Imperfecto is a form of past-tense.• -AR imperfect. • -ER/IR Imperfect• Aba • Ía• Ábamos • íamos• Abas • Ías• Abais • ías• Aba • Ía• Aban • Ían
  • 14. Preterite : car/gar/zarCar Gar ZarQué Gué CéAste Gaste AsteÓ Ó ÓAmos Amos AmosAsteis Asteis AsteisAron Aron Aron
  • 15. Preterite: Spock VerbsIr/Ser Dar/Ver HacerFui D/V I HiceFuiste D/V iste HicisteFue D/V io HizoFuimos D/V imos HicimosFueron D/V ieron Hicieron
  • 16. Preterite: Cucaracha-é Andar : anduv--iste Estar : estv- Poder : pud--o Poder : Pus--imos Querer : Quis- Saber : Sup--ieron Tener : Tuv--(“I” verbs -i) Venir : vin- Conducir : conduj- Producir : produj- Traducir : traduj- Decir : dij- Traer : traj-
  • 17. Preterite: Snakes & Snakey• Snakes and Snakeys are in the past tense.
  • 18. Comparativesused to compare one thing to another.
  • 19. Superlatives

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