Educating with STEM and TPACK A guide for teachers
What is STEM?ScienceTechnologyEngineeringMathMoving from discrete education towards integrationand cross disciplinary learning
Why STEM?Preparing students to thrive in a dynamic and innovativeworldIn 2009, just 34 percent of U.S. 8th graders were ratedproficient or higher in a national math assessment, andmore than one in four scored below the basic level.In an international exam given to 15 year olds in 2009, U.S.high school students ranked significantly behind 12industrialized nations in science and 17 in math. Studentsin only 4 industrialized nations scored lower in math.Only 45 percent of U.S. high school graduates in 2011 wereready for college work in math and 30 percent were readyin science.
What is TPACK?Teaching at the crossroads Technological Knowledge (TK) Content Knowledge (CK) Pedagogical Knowledge (PK) TCK TPK CPK TPACK
BenefitsAllows for accurate representations of very large or verysmall scale processesLessons tend to be more student-centeredFosters group work and cooperationEnables teachers to educate students in ways that willhelp them be successful in a technology driven worldStrengthens innovation, problem solving, and criticalthinking skillsProvides a variety of opportunities for differentiation
IntegrationSimulations and InteractiveAnimationsSoftware and programs forcollecting, organizing, analyzing, and communicating data Excel ArcMap CAD GeoMapAppModel-eliciting activitiesProblem based learning
Quality IntegrationAsk yourself: Is this the best way to deliver the content? Is the technology providing an advantage I would not be able to provide without it?
ChallengesResources availability Both in school and at homeStrict district or regional guidelinesLack of training or professional developmentTime restrictionsRemember: Challenges can always be overcome withperseverance, collaboration, hard work, anddedication. It is our professional responsibility!
ReferencesCataldi, E.F., Laird, J., and KewalRamani, A. (2009). High School Dropout andCompletion Rates in the United States: 2007(NCES 2009-064).Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics, Institute ofEducation Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved September14, 2010 from http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2009064Fleishman, H.L. , Hopstock, P.J. , Pelczar, M.P. and Shelley, B.E. (2010)Highlights from PISA 2009: Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students inReading, Mathematics, and Science Literacy in an International Context(NCES 2011-004). Washington, DC: National Center for EducationStatistics, U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved October 7, 2011 fromhttp://nces.ed.gov/pubs2011/2011004.pdfNational Center for Education Statistics (2009). The Nation’s Report Card:Mathematics 2009 (NCES 2010–451). Institute of Education Sciences, U.S.Department of Education, Washington, D.C. Retrieved September 14, 2010from http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/pdf/main2009/2010451.pdf